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Enterprise-Control System IntegratiPart 1: Models Terminology Approved 15 July 2000 ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Formerly ANSI/ISA–S95.00.01–2000 AMERICNATIONAL STANDARD ISA Instrumentation, Systems, AutomatiSociety – TM NOTICE copyrighted document copied distributed form manner without permissiISA. copy document wmade sole use perswhom ISA provided subject restrictions stated ISA’s license thperson. provided persprint, electronic, form. Violations ISA’s prosecuted fullest extent law result substantial civil criminal penalties. ã 2000 Instrument Society America. . resale. Printed United States America. No part publicatireproduced, stored retrieval system, transmitted, form means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, otherwise), without priwritten permissiPublisher. ISA 67 Alexander Drive P.O. Box 12277 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 USA ANSI/ISA–S95.00.01–2000 Enterprise-Control System IntegratiPart 1: Models Terminology ISBN: 1-55617-727-5 — 3 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Preface preface, footnotes annexes, included informatipurposes part ANSI/ISA–95.00.01-2000. document prepared part service ISA, international society measurement control, toward goal uniformity field instrumentation. real value, document should static should subject periodic review. Toward end, Society welcomes comments criticisms asks thbe addressed Secretary, Standards Practices Board; ISA; 67 Alexander Drive; P. O. Box 12277; Research Triangle Park, NC 27709; Teleph(919) 549-8411; Fax (919) 549-8288; E-mail: isa.org. ISA Standards Practices Department aware growing need attentimetric system units general, International System Units (SI) particular, preparatiinstrumentatistandards. Department further aware benefits USA users ISA standards incorporating suitable references SI (metric system) business professional dealings countries. Toward end, Department endeavintroduce SI-acceptable metric units revised standards, recommended practices, technical reports greaextent possible. Standard Use International System Units (SI): Modern Metric System, published AmericSociety Testing & Materials IEEE/ASTM SI 10-97, future revisions, reference guide definitions, symbols, abbreviations, conversifactors. policy ISA encourage welcome participaticoncerned individuals interests development ISA standards, recommended practices, technical reports. ParticipatiISA standards-making process individual no way constitutes endorsement employer thindividual, ISA, standards, recommended practices, technical reports thISA develops. following served active members ISA SP95: NAME COMPBill Wray, ChairmLyondell Chemical Co. DennBrandl, EditSequencia Corp. David Adler Eli Lilly & Co. William H. Bosler TexConsultants Inc Ed Bristol Foxboro Co. Bernie Brown E.I. du Pont de Nemours Co. Rick Bullotta Lighthammer Software Corp. John Burnell Hewlett-Packard Canada Dr. Guido Carlo-Stella Deceased Paul Cherry Cherry Services Inc. Carey Clements HoneyIAC StCloughley Base 10 Systems Inc. ChrConklDow Corning Corp. Lynn Craig Rohm HaCo. Richard M. Crossan, Jr. SAP America Inc. Em dela Hostria RockAutomatiJoe deSpautz Aurora Biosciences Corp. Daniel Dziadiw TAVA Technologies Inc. David EmersYokogawa Corp. America Larry Falkenau E.I. du Pont de Nemours Co. Rich Flaherty IBM Corp. ClaytFoster E.I. du Pont de Nemours Co. Gary L. Funk GLF Technology Art Goldberger Jr. RaytheConsulting Systems IntegratiJohn Ham Wellspring Solutions David Harrold CornerstControls Bill Hawkins HLQ Ltd. Niels Haxthausen Novo Nordisk Engineering John Hedrick Automati& Control Tech. Sam Herb Moore Process AutomatiSolutions Dave Imming Fisher-Rosemount Systems Inc. ChrJaeger Eli Lilly & Co. Jay Jeffreys Oracle Corp. Bruce Jensen Yokogawa Corp. America GordKilgore VAI AutomatiInc. Baha Korkmaz AutomatiVisiInc. Ken Kovacs TAVA Technologies David M. Kravitt, CPIM Marcam Solutions Richard Kowalski FluDaniel Inc. ShelLaurents FluDaniel Inc. Robert Long Realtime InformatiSystems Bill Lorenz Eli Lilly & Co. Eric Marks PriceWaterhouseCoopers Roddy MartAMR Research Ed McCutcheUOP LLC — 5 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 ThomsMcFarlane Neles AutomatiInc. Paul MoylRockAutomatiMark Muroski ABB Industrial Systems Albert Pampel Consultant Jim ParshEli Lilly & Co. Saroj Patnaik Fisher-Rosemount Systems Inc. LePoulsen Novo Nordisk Engineering Gary RathFluDaniel Inc. Richard Sattelmaier UniCarbide Corp. Swarandeep Singh ABB Industri LeSteinocher FluDaniel Inc. Wendy Strauss Moore Process AutomatiSolutions Keith Unger TAVA Technologies A. Kumar Vakamudi Bechtel Corp. JeVieille Consultant Ed Vodopest Advanced Technical Systems Bradley Ward Bradley Ward Systems Arlene Weichert Automated Control Concepts Inc. Oswald Wieser SAP AG Theodore Williams Purdue University Gregory Winchester National Electrical Mfrs. Assn. Richard Winslow Sterling Diagnostic Imaging standard wapproved publicatiISA Standards Practices Board 15 2000. NAME COMPM. Zielinski Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc. D. Bishop ChevrPetroleum Technology Co. P. Brett Honeywell, Inc. M. Cohen SeniFlexonics, Inc. M. Coppler Ametek, Inc. B. Dumortier Schneider Electric SA W. HollSouthern CompA. IversIvy Optiks R. Jones Dow Chemical Co. V. Maggioli Feltronics Corp. T. McAviInstrumentati& Control Engineering LLC A. McCauley, Jr. ChagrValley Controls, Inc. G. McFarlHoneywell, Inc. R. Reimer RockAutomatiJ. Rennie Factory Mutual Research Corp. H. Sasajima Advanced Architecture Technologies R. Webb AltrCorp. W. WeidmParsons Energy & Chemicals Group J. Weiss EPRI J. WhetstNational Institute Standards & Technology M. Widmeyer EG&G R. Wiegle CANUS Corp. C. Williams EastmKodak Co. G. Wood Graeme Wood Consulting standard dedicated memory Dr. Guido Carlo-Stella, recognitigratitude hleadership earlier work thmade standard possible. — 7 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Contents FOREWORD . 9 INTRODUCTION. 11 1 Scope . 13 2 Normative references . 13 3 Definitions. 13 4 Enterprise-control system integratioverview (informative). 16 4.1 Introducti. 16 4.2 Criteria inclusimanufacturing operations & control domain. 17 5 Hierarchy models. 18 5.1 Scheduling control hierarchy. 18 5.2 Equipment hierarchy model . 22 6 Functional data flow model. 25 6.1 Functions. 27 6.2 Informatiflows. 34 7 Object Model . 40 7.1 Categories information. 40 7.2 Object model structure. 49 7.3 Producticapability informati. 50 7.4 Product definitiinformation. 64 7.5 Productiinformati. 67 7.6 Model cross reference. 76 Annex (informative) — Bibliography abbreviations . 81 Annex B (informative) — Business drivers key performance indicators. 83 Annex C (informative) — Discussimodels . 91 Annex D (informative) — Selected elements Purdue Reference Model. 95 Annex E (informative) — PRM correlatiMESA International model ISA-95.00.01-2000 models. 139 page intentionally left blank. — 9 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 FOREWORD standard Part 1 multi-part standards thdefines interfaces enterprise activities control activities. scope Part 1 standard limited describing relevant functions enterprise control domawhich objects normally exchanged domains. Subsequent parts address objects cbe exchanged robust, secure, cost-effective manner preserving integrity complete system. standard, terms “enterprise,” “controls,” “process control,” “manufacturing” used most general sense held applicable broad sectindustries. Part 1 standard structured follow IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) guidelines. Therefore, three clauses present scope standard, normative references, definitions, thorder. Clause 4 informative. intent describe context models clause 5 clause 6. defines criteria used determine scope manufacturing control system domain. Clause 4, being informative, does contaformal definitions models terminology. describes context understnormative clauses. Clause 5 normative. intent describe hierarchy models activities involved manufacturing control enterprises. defines general terms activities thare associated manufacturing control activities thoccur business logistics level. defines equipment hierarchy model equipment associated manufacturing control. Clause 5, being normative, contains formal definitions models terminology. Clause 6 normative. intent describe general model functions withenterprise, which concerned integratibusiness control. defines, detail, abstract model control functions and, less detail, business functions thinterface control. purpose establish commterminology functions involved informatiexchange. Clause 6, being normative, contains formal definitions models terminology. Clause 7 normative. intent define detail objects thmake up informatistreams defined clause 6. purpose establish commterminology elements informatiexchanged. Clause 7, being normative, contains formal definitions models terminology. attributes properties formally defined clause standard. Annex informative. presents bibliography informative references list abbreviations used document. Annex B informative. intent define business reasons informatiexchange business control functions. purpose establish commterminology reasinformatiexchange. Annex C informative. discusses rational multiple models. Annex D informative. contains selected elements Purdue Reference Model thcbe used place functions described clauses 5 6 context entire model. Annex E informative. correlates Purdue Reference Model MESA International model. Part 1 standard intended those are: ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 10 — a) involved designing, building, operating manufacturing facilities; b) responsible specifying interfaces manufacturing process control systems systems business enterprise; c) involved designing, creating, marketing, integrating automatiproducts used interface manufacturing operations business systems. Future parts standard address models level 3 functions, definitions level 2-3 interfaces, data structures informatiexchange including attributes properties data model clause 7. — 11 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 INTRODUCTIPart 1 standard provides standard models terminology defining interfaces enterprise’s business systems its manufacturing control systems. models terminology defined standard: a) emphasize integratipractices control systems enterprise systems during entire life cycle systems; b) cbe used improve existing integraticapabilities manufacturing control systems enterprise systems; c) cbe applied regardless degree automation. Specifically, standard provides standard terminology consistent concepts models integrating control systems enterprise systems thimprove communications parties involved. benefits produced will: a) reduce users' times rfull productilevels products; b) enable vendors supply appropriate tools implementing integraticontrol systems enterprise systems; c) enable users better identify needs; d) reduce costs automating manufacturing processes; e) optimize supply chains; f) reduce life-cycle engineering efforts. intent standard to: a) suggest only way implementing integraticontrol systems enterprise systems; b) force users abandcurrent methods handling integration; c) restrict development area integraticontrol systems enterprise systems. Part 1 standard defines interface content manufacturing control functions enterprise functions, based upPurdue Reference Model CIM (hierarchical form) published ISA. page intentionally left blank. — 13 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 1 Scope Part 1 standard defines interface content manufacturing control functions enterprise functions. interfaces considered interfaces levels 3 4 hierarchical model defined standard. goal reduce risk, cost, errors associated implementing interfaces. standard used reduce effort associated implementing product offerings. goal enterprise systems control systems thinter-operate easily integrate. scope Part 1 limited to: a) definitiscope manufacturing operations control domain; b) definitiorganizatiphysical assets enterprise involved manufacturing; c) definitifunctions associated interface control functions enterprise functions; d) definitiinformatishared control functions enterprise functions. 2 Normative references following normative documents contaprovisions through reference text, constitute provisions Part 1 standard. time publication, editions indicated valid. normative documents subject revision, parties agreements based Part 1 standard encouraged investigate possibility applying most recent editions normative documents indicated below. Member organizations IEC ISO (International Standards Organization) maintaregisters currently normative documents. a) IEC 61512-1:1997, Batch Control – Part 1: Models Terminology b) ANSI/ISA-88.01-1995, Batch Control – Part 1: Models Terminology 3 Definitions purposes Part 1 standard, following definitions apply. 3.1 Area: physical, geographical logical grouping determined site. contaprocess cells, productiunits, productilines. 3.2 Available capability: portiproducticapability thcbe attained committed current future production. 3.3 Bill lading: contract receipt goods tha carrier agrees transport place andeliver designated persthassigns compensatiupconditions stated therein. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 14 — 3.4 Bill material: listing subassemblies, parts, and/materials thare used productiproduct.1 includes quantity material required make product. 3.5 Bill resources: listing resources when productiprocess needed produce product.2 listing key resources required manufacture product, organized segments production. often used predict impact activity changes master productischedule supply resources. 3.6 Certificate analysis: certificaticonformance quality standards specifications products materials. include list reference analysresults process information. often required custody transfer materials. 3.7 Committed capability: portiproducticapability currently use scheduled use. 3.8 Consumables: resources thare normally included bills material individually accounted specific productirequests. 3.9 Control domain: Part 1 standard, control domasynonymous manufacturing operations control domain. 3.10 Enterprise: undertaking, venture, initiative, business organizatidefined mission. 3.11 Equipment class: means describe grouping equipment similar characteristics purposes scheduling planning. 3.12 Finished goods: final materials which processing producticompleted. Finished goods no longer under manufacturing operations control domain. 3.13 Finished waivers: approvals deviatinormal product specifications. 3.14 In-process waiver requests: requests waivers normal productiprocedures due deviations materials, equipment, quality metrics, normal product specifications maintained. 3.15 Manufacturing operations control doma(MO&C domain): domaincludes activities level 3 informatiflows levels 0, 1, 2 across boundary level 4. ______ 1 Adapted Cox III, James F., BlackstJr., John H., APICS Dictionary Ninth Edition, APICS - Educational Society Resource Management, Alexandria, VA. ISBN: 1-55822-162-X, 1998. 2 ibid — 15 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 3.16 Material class: means describe grouping materials similar characteristics purposes scheduling planning. 3.17 Material lot: uniquely identifiable amount material. describes actual total quantity amount material available, its current state, its specific property values. 3.18 Material definition: definitiproperties characteristics substance. 3.19 Material sublot: uniquely identifiable submaterial lot, containing quantity location. single item. 3.20 Personnel class: means describe grouping persons similar characteristics purposes scheduling planning. 3.21 Producticapability: a) highest sustainable outrate thcould achieved given product mix, raw materials, worker effort, plant, equipment. b) collectipersonnel, equipment, material, process segment capabilities. c) total current committed, available, unattainable capability productifacility. capability includes capacity resource. 3.22 Producticontrol: collectifunctions thmanages productiwithsite area. 3.23 Productiline: series pieces equipment dedicated manufacture specific number products families.3 3.24 Productirules: informatiused instruct manufacturing operatiproduce product. 3.25 Productiunit: productiequipment thconverts, separates, reacts feedstocks produce intermediate final products. 3.26 Product segments: shared informatiplan-of-resources production-rule specific product. logical grouping personnel resources, equipment resources, material specifications required carry out productistep. 3.27 Resource: collectipersonnel, equipment, and/material. 3.28 Unattainable capability: portiproducticapability thcanattained. typically due factors equipment unavailability, suboptimal scheduling, resource limitations. ______ 3 Cox III. ibid ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 16 — 3.29 Work cell: dissimilar machines grouped together produce family parts having similar manufacturing requirements. 4 Enterprise-control system integratioverview (informative) 4.1 IntroductiSuccessfully addressing issue enterprise-control system integratirequires identifying boundary enterprise manufacturing operations control domains (MO&C). boundary identified using relevant models threpresent functions, physical equipment, informatiwithMO&C domain, informatiflows domains. Multiple models define functions integratiassociated control enterprise systems. a) Hierarchy models thdescribe levels functions domains control associated withmanufacturing organizations defined clause 5. models based Purdue Reference Model CIM, referenced PRM;4 MESA International Functional Model;5 equipment hierarchy model IEC 61512-1 (ANSI/ISA-88.01-1995) standard. b) data flow model thdescribes functional data flows withmanufacturing organizations defined clause 6. model based Purdue Reference Model CIM. c) object model thdescribes informatithcross enterprise control system boundary defined clause 7. Figure 1 — Outline models standard ______ 4 Selected elements Purdue Reference Model CIM included annex D. 5 MESA International, MES Functionality MRP MES Data Flow Possibilities - White Paper Number 2 (1994). DomaDefinitions Functions Domains Functions Interest InformatiFlows Interest Categories InformatiInformatiDefinitions — 17 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 standard provides models informatimultiple levels detail abstraction. levels illustrated Figure 1, which serves map rest document. model diagram increases level detail defined previous model. models start definitidomacontrol systems domaenterprise systems. domadefinitions contained clause 5. Functions withdomains defined clauses 5 6. Functions interest thare relevant standard given detailed definiticlause 6. informatiflows interest relevant functions defined clause 6.2. categories informatidefined clause 7.1. formal object model informatiinterest defined clauses 7.3, 7.4, 7.5. 4.2 Criteria inclusimanufacturing operations & control domahierarchy data flow models describe most functions withmanufacturing enterprise. Only those functions associated manufacturing control manufacturing control systems. following list defines criteria used determine which functions which informatiflows included standard. a) functicritical maintaining regulatory compliance. includes factors safety, environmental, CGMP (Current Manufacturing Practices) compliance. b) functicritical plant reliability. c) functiimpacts operatiphase facility’s life, opposed design, construction, disposal phases facility’s life. d) informatineeded facility operators perform jobs. informatithflows functions identified being withcontrol domathose outside control domadefines enterprise-control system boundary. Informatiexchanged functions withcontrol domainformatiexchanged functions outside control domaoutside scope document. Figure 2 illustrates enterprise-control system interface, depicted data flow model, control noncontrol functions; gray circles indicate functions thexchange information, described data flow model. Functions depicted white circles data flows depicted dashed lines those defined outside scope standard. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 18 — Figure 2 — Enterprise-control system interface 5 Hierarchy models clause defines hierarchy models associated manufacturing control systems business systems. 5.1 Scheduling control hierarchy Figure 3 depicts different levels functional hierarchy model: business planning & logistics, manufacturing operations & control, batch, continuous, discrete control.6 model defines hierarchical levels which decisions made. interface addressed standard level 4 level 3 hierarchy model. generally interface plant productischeduling operatimanagement plant flocoordination. ______ 6 figure simplified versiPurdue Hierarchy Model, shown figures D-1, D-2, D-3, D-4 annex D.ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 3 — Functional hierarchy Levels 2, 1, 0 define cell line supervisifunctions, operations functions, process control functions. several different models functions levels based actual productistrategy used. 5.1.1 Level 4 activities Level 4 activities include: a) Collecting maintaining raw material spare parts usage available inventory, providing data purchase raw material spare parts. b) Collecting maintaining overenergy use available inventory providing data purchase energy source. c) Collecting maintaining overgoods process productiinventory files. d) Collecting maintaining quality control files relate customer requirements. e) Collecting maintaining machinery equipment use life history files necessary preventive predictive maintenance planning. f) Collecting maintaining manpower use data transmittal personnel accounting. g) Establishing basic plant productischedule. h) Modifying basic plant productischedule orders received, based resource availability changes, energy sources available, power demlevels, maintenance requirements. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 20 — i) Developing optimum preventive maintenance equipment renovatischedules coordinatibasic plant productischedule. j) Determining optimum inventory levels raw materials, energy sources, spare parts, goods process storage point. functions include materials requirements planning (MRP) spare parts procurement. k) Modifying basic plant productischedule necessary whenever majproductiinterruptions occur. l) Capacity planning, based above activities. 5.1.2 Level 3 activities Level 3 activities include: a) Reporting area productiincluding variable manufacturing costs. b) Collecting maintaining area data production, inventory, manpower, raw materials, spare parts energy usage. c) Performing data collectioff-line analysrequired engineering functions. include statistical quality analysrelated control functions. d) Carrying out needed personnel functions as: work period statistics (example, time, task), vacatischedule, work force schedules, uniline progression, in-house training personnel qualification. e) Establishing immediate detailed productischedule its own area including maintenance, transportatiproduction-related needs. f) Locally optimizing costs its individual productiarea while carrying out productischedule established level 4 functions. g) Modifying productischedules compensate plant productiinterruptions thoccur its area responsibility. Additional descriptions activities contained withlevel 3 provided below. standard assumes activities explicitly defined part level 3, control domain, part enterprise domain. See annex E correlatiactivities MESA International model. 5.1.2.1 Resource allocaticontrol control domaincludes functionality managing resources directly associated control manufacturing. resources include machines, tools, labskills, materials, equipment, documents, entities thavailable work start completed. management resources include local resource reservatimeet production-scheduling objectives. control domaensures thequipment properly up processing, including allocatineeded setup. control domaresponsible providing real-time statuses resources detailed history resource use. — 21 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 5.1.2.2 Dispatching producticontrol domaincludes functionality managing flow productiform jobs, orders, batches, lots, work orders, dispatching productispecific equipment personnel. Dispatch informatitypically presented sequence which work needs dchange real time events occur factory floor. control domaalter prescribed schedules, withagreed uplimits, based local availability current conditions. Dispatching productiincludes ability control amount work process point through buffer management management rework salvage processes. 5.1.2.3 Data collectiacquisiticontrol domaincludes functionality obtaining operational productiparametric data thare associated productiequipment productiprocesses. control domaresponsible providing real-time statuses productiequipment productiprocesses history productiparametric data. 5.1.2.4 Quality management control domaincludes functionality providing real-time measurements collected manufacturing analysassure proper product quality control identify problems requiring attention. recommend actions correct problem, including correlating symptoms, actions results determine cause. includes SPC/SQC (statistical process control/statistical quality control) tracking management offline inspectioperations analyslaboratory informatimanagement systems (LIMS). 5.1.2.5 Process management control domaincludes functionality monitoring productieither automatically corrects provides decisisupport operators correcting improving in-process functions. functions intra-operational focus specifically machines equipment being monitored controlled, inter-operational, tracking process operatinext. include alarm management make sure factory persons aware process changes thare outside acceptable tolerances. 5.1.2.6 Productiplanning tracking control domaincludes functionality providing status productidispositiwork. Status informatiinclude personnel assigned work; component materials used production; current producticonditions; alarms, rework, exceptions related product. functionality includes capability recording productiinformatiallow forward backward traceability components use withend product. 5.1.2.7 Performance analyscontrol domaincludes functionality providing up-to-the-minute reporting actual manufacturing operations results along comparisons past history expected results. Performance results include measurements resource utilization, resource availability, product uncycle time, conformance schedule, performance standards. Performance analysinclude ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 22 — SPC/SQC analysdraw informatigathered different control functions thmeasure operating parameters. 5.1.2.8 Operations detailed scheduling control domaincludes functionality providing sequencing based priorities, attributes, characteristics, productirules associated specific productiequipment specific product characteristics, shape, colsequencing characteristics when scheduled sequence properly, minimize setup. Operations detailed scheduling finite recognizes alternative overlapping/parallel operations calculate detail exact time equipment loading adjustment shift patterns. 5.1.2.9 Document control control domaincludes functionality controlling records forms thmaintained productiunit. records forms include work instructions, recipes, drawings, standard operatiprocedures, part programs, batch records, engineering change notices, shift-to-shift communication, ability ed"planned" "built" information. sends instructions down operations, including providing data operators recipes device controls. would include control integrity regulatory, documentation, environmental, health safety regulations, SOP informaticorrective actiprocedures. 5.1.2.10 Labmanagement control domaincludes functionality providing status personnel up-to-minute time frame. functions include time attendance reporting, certificatitracking, ability track indirect functions material preparatitool room work basactivitybased costing. Labmanagement interact resource allocatidetermine optimal assignments. 5.1.2.11 Maintenance management control domaincludes functionality maintaining equipment tools. functions ensure equipment tools availability manufacturing. include scheduling periodic preventive maintenance responding immediate problems. Maintenance management maintains history past events problems aid diagnosing problems. 5.2 Equipment hierarchy model physical assets enterprise involved manufacturing usually organized hierarchical fashidescribed Figure 4. expansimodel described IEC 61512-1 ANSI/ ISA-88.01-1995, includes definitiassets discrete continuous manufacturing. Lower level groupings combined form higher levels hierarchy. cases, grouping withlevel incorporated inangrouping thsame level. model defines areresponsibility different functilevels defined hierarchical model. equipment hierarchy model additionally defines objects utilized informatiexchange functions. — 23 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 4 — Equipment hierarchy 5.2.1 Enterprise enterprise collectisites contasites areas. enterprise responsible determining whproducts manufactured, which sites manufactured, general manufactured. Level 4 functions generally dealing enterprise site levels. However, enterprise planning scheduling involve areas, cells, lines, units witharea. 5.2.2 Site site physical, geographical, logical grouping determined enterprise. contaareas, productilines, process cells, productiunits. level 4 functions site involved local site management optimization. Site planning scheduling involve cells, lines, units withareas. geographical locatimaproducticapability usually identifies site. Examples site identifications “DallExpressway Plant” site, “Deer Park Olefins Plant,” “JohnsCity Manufacturing Facility.” Sites often used rough-cut planning scheduling. Sites generally well-defined manufacturing capabilities. 5.2.3 Area area physical, geographical, logical grouping determined site. contaprocess cells, productiunits, productilines. Most level 3 functions occur witharea. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 24 — producticapability geographical locatiwithsite usually identify areas. Examples area identifications “CMOS Facility,” “North End Tank Farm,” “Building 2 Electronic Assembly. ” Aregenerally well-defined manufacturing capabilities capacities. capabilities capacities used level 3 level 4 planning scheduling. area made up lower-level elements thperform manufacturing functions. three types elements defined thcorrespond continuous manufacturing models, discrete (repetitive nonrepetitive) manufacturing models, batch manufacturing models. area lower-level elements depending upmanufacturing requirements. Marecombinatiproductilines discrete operations, productiunits continuous processes, process cells batch processes. example, beverage manufacturer area continuous mixing productiunit, which feeds batch process cell batch processing, feeding bottling line discrete bottling process. Depending planning scheduling strategy selected, level 4 functions stop area level, schedule functions lower-level elements withareas. 5.2.4 ProductiunProductiunits lowest level equipment typically scheduled level 4 level 3 functions continuous manufacturing processes. Productiunits composed lower level elements, equipment modules, sensors, actuators, definitions outside scope standard. productiungenerally encompasses equipment required segment continuous production, thoperates relatively autonomous manner. generally converts, separates, reacts feedstocks produce intermediate final products. majprocessing activity product generated often identifies productiunit. Examples productiunidentifications “Catalytic Cracker #1,” “Steam Cracker #59,” “AlkylatiUn2." Productiunits well-defined processing capabilities throughcapacities used level 3 functions. capacities capabilities often used inlevel 4 scheduling, productiunits scheduled level 4 functions. 5.2.5 Productiline work cell Productilines work cells lowest levels equipment typically scheduled level 4 level 3 functions discrete manufacturing processes. Work cells usually only identified when flexibility routing work withproductiline. Productilines work cells composed lower-level elements, definitions outside scope document. majprocessing activity often identifies productiline. Examples productiline identifications “Bottling Line #1,” “Capping Line #15,” CMOS Line #2,” “Water Pump Assembly Line #4.” Productiline work cells well-defined manufacturing capabilities throughcapacities used level 3 functions. capacities capabilities often used inlevel 4 scheduling, productilines work cells scheduled level 4 functions. 5.2.6 Process cell unProcess cells units lowest level equipment typically scheduled level 4 level 3 functions batch manufacturing processes. Units usually only identified level 3 4 — 25 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 flexibility routing product withprocess cell. definitions process cells units contained IEC 61512-1 ANSI/ISA-88.01-1995 standards. majprocessing capability family products produced often identifies process cell. Examples process cell identifications “Mixing Line #5,” “West Side Glue Line,” “Detergent Line 13.” Process cells units well-defined manufacturing capabilities batch capacities used level 3 functions. capacities capabilities used indata level 4 scheduling, process cells units scheduled level 4 functions. 6 Functional data flow model clause presents: a) functions enterprise involved manufacturing. b) informatiflows functions thcross enterprise-control interface. enterprise-control interface described using data flow model. model defined using Yourdon-Demarco7 notational methodology. Table 1 defines Yourdnotatiused functional model. Table 1 — Yourdnotatiused ______ 7 Adapted STRUCTURED ANALYSSYSTEM SPECIFICATIDeMarco, 1978, Prentice Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. Symbol Definitifunctirepresented labeled ellipse. functigroup tasks thcbe classified having commobjective. Functions organized hierarchical manner identified name number. number represents identificatidata model hierarchy level. external entity represented labeled rectangle. external entity component outside model boundaries thsends data and/receives data functions. solid line arrow represents grouping data thflows functions, data stores, external entities. data defined enterprise-control integratimodel. solid lines name data flows. data flow level functional hierarchy represented flows lower level hierarchy. dashed line arrow represents grouping data thflows functions, data stores, external entities. data pertinent enterprise-control integratimodel, shown illustrate context functions. Dashed line data flows without names identified model, defined annex D. Functi(4.0) External Entity Data Flow Name ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 26 — functional model depicted Figure 5. wide dotted line illustrates boundary enterprise-control interface. line equivalent level 3 - level 4 interface defined clause 5.1. manufacturing control side interface includes most functions producticontrol activities majfunctions. labeled lines indicate informatiflows importance manufacturing control. wide dotted line intersects functions thsub-functions thfincontrol domain, finenterprise domadepending organizational policies. model structure does reflect organizational structure withcompany, organizational structure functions. Different companies place functions different organizational groups. following subclauses clause list describe functions contained model, list describe informatithflows functions. Figure 5 — Functional enterprise-control model Procurement (5.0) ProductiScheduling (2.0) Material Energy Control (4.0) Product Inventory Control (7.0) Product Cost Accounting (8.0) Quality Assurance (6.0) Research Development Engineering Product Shipping Adm(9.0) Processing (1.0) Marketing & Sales ProductiControl (3.0) Maintenance Management (10.0) Pack Out Schedule Finished Goods Inventory Finished Goods Waiver Process Data Short Term Material Energy Requirements Material Energy Inventory ProductiCapability ProductiPlSchedule Incoming material energy receipt ProductiCost Objectives ProductiPerformance cost Confirm ship Release ship QA Results Product Process Requirements Standards Customer Requirements Standards Customer Requirements Process Waiver Request Process Data QA Results Product Process KProduct Process Technical Feedback Maintenance Standards Methods Maintenance Technical Feedback Maintenance Purchase Requirements Material Energy Requirements Incoming ConfirmatiLong Term Material energy requirements ProductiOrders Availability Product Process InformatiRequest Maintenance Requests Maintenance Responses — 27 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 6.1 Functions 6.1.1 processing (1.0) general functions processing include: a) Customer handling, acceptance confirmatib) Sales forecasting c) Waiver reservatihandling d) Gross margreporting e) Determining productiorders generally no direct interface functions processing manufacturing control functions. 6.1.2 Productischeduling (2.0) Productischeduling functions interface manufacturing control system functions through productischedule, actual productiinformation, producticapability information. informatiexchange defined producticontrol functions. Detailed scheduling, witharea, defined control function. general functions productischeduling include: a) Determine productischedule b) Identify long-term raw material requirements c) Determine pack-out schedule end products d) Determine available product sales informatigenerated modified productischeduling functions includes: a) productischedule b) actual productiversus planned productic) producticapacity resource availability d) Current status 6.1.3 Producticontrol (3.0) producticontrol functions encompass most functions associated manufacturing control. functions producticontrol include: a) Controlling transformatiraw materials inend product accordance productischedule productistandards ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 28 — b) Performing plant engineering activities updating process plans c) Issuing requirements raw materials d) Producing reports performance costs e) Evaluating constraints capacity quality f) Self-diagnostics producticontrol equipment g) Creating productistandards instructions SOPs (standard operating procedures), recipes, equipment handling specific processing equipment mafunctions producticontrol include process support engineering, operations control, operations planning. 6.1.3.1 Process support engineering functions process support engineering include: a) Issuing requests modificatimaintenance b) Coordinating maintenance engineering functions c) Providing technical standards methods operations maintenance functions d) Following up equipment process performance e) Providing technical support operators f) Following up technological developments functions process support engineering generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Minequipment process modifications; include design drawings b) Instructions handle equipment; include standard operating procedures c) Instructions make products; includes productirules standard materials, equipment, resources used d) Material safety data sheets (MSDS) e) Instructions instequipment; include vendequipment f) Environmental safety operating limits constraints g) Engineering standards process equipment design techniques process operational methods, online operating instructions h) Instructions plant trials plant tests — 29 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 6.1.3.2 Operations control Operations control collectifunctions thmanages productiwithsite area. functions producticontrol include: a) Producing product according schedule specifications b) Reporting production, process, resource informatic) Monitoring equipment, validating operational measurements, determining need maintenance d) Preparing equipment maintenance returning service maintenance e) Performing diagnostics self-check producticontrol equipment f) Balancing optimizing productiwithsite area g) include local site area labmanagement document management functions producticontrol generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Status productirequests b) Selected productidata, data calculate producticost, productiperformance c) Selected process data, equipment performance feedback d) Status resources e) Status maintenance work requests f) Requests maintenance g) Diagnostic self-results h) Process history i) Requests process support engineering support j) Request analysmaterial 6.1.3.3 Operations planning functions operations planning include: a) Setting up short-term productiplbased productischedule b) Checking schedule against raw material availability product storage capacity c) Checking schedule against equipment personnel availability ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 30 — d) Determining percent capacity status e) Modifying productiplhourly account equipment outage, manpower raw materials availability functions operations planning generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Material energy inventory report b) Material energy requirements required meet productiplc) Site area productiploperations control d) Available capability productiresources 6.1.4 Material energy control (4.0) functions materials energy control include: a) Managing inventory, transfers, quality material energy b) Generating requests purchasing materials energy based short- long-term requirements c) Calculating reporting inventory balance losses raw material energy utilizatid) Receiving incoming material energy supplies requesting quality assurance tests e) Notifying purchasing accepted material energy supplies functions materials energy control generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Material energy requests b) Incoming confirmatireceived materials energy c) Material energy inventory report d) Manual automated transfer instructions operations control functions withmaterial energy control inside control domain, based local organizational structures. Therefore, selected data flows inout material energy control defined because cross enterprise-control system boundary. 6.1.5 Procurement (5.0) functions procuring resources include: a) Placing orders suppliers raw materials, supplies, spare parts, tools, equipment required materials b) Monitoring progress purchases reporting requisitioners — 31 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 c) Releasing incoming invoices payment arrival approval goods d) Collecting processing unrequests raw materials, spare parts, etc., placement vendors functions procurement generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Expected material energy delischedules 6.1.6 Quality assurance (6.0) functions quality assurance include: a) Testing classificatimaterials b) Setting standards material quality c) Issuing standards manufacturing testing laboratories accordance requirements technology, marketing customer services d) Collecting maintaining material quality data e) Releasing material further use (delifurther processing) f) Certifying thproduct wproduced according standard process conditions g) Checking product data versus customer’s requirements statistical quality control routines assure adequate quality before shipment h) Relaying material deviations process engineering re-evaluatiupgrade processes functions quality assurance generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Quality assurance results b) Approval release materials, waivers compliance c) Applicable standards customer requirements material quality functions withquality assurance inside control domain, based local organizational structures; example, quality assurance requests. Therefore, selected data flows inout quality assurance defined because cross enterprise-control system boundary. 6.1.7 Product inventory control (7.0) functions product inventory control include: a) Managing inventory finished products b) Making reservations specific product accordance product selling directives c) Generating pack-out end product accordance delischedule ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 32 — d) Reporting inventory productischeduling e) Reporting balance losses product cost accounting f) Arranging physical loading/shipment goods coordinatiproduct shipping administratifunctions product inventory control generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Finished goods inventory b) Inventory balances c) Pack-out schedule d) Release ship e) Confirm ship f) Requirements functions withproduct inventory control inside control domain, based local organizational structures. Therefore, selected data flows inout product inventory control defined because cross enterprise-control system boundary. 6.1.8 Product cost accounting (8.0) functions cost accounting include: a) Calculating reporting total product cost b) Reporting cost results productiadjustment c) Setting cost objectives productid) Collecting raw material, labor, energy costs transmissiaccounting e) Calculating reporting total producticost, reporting cost results productiadjustment f) Setting cost objectives materials energy supply distributifunctions cost accounting generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Cost objectives productib) Performance costs productic) Parts energy incoming accounting material energy control 6.1.9 Product shipping administrati(9.0) functions product shipping administratiinclude: — 33 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 a) Organizing transport product shipment accordance accepted orders requirements b) Negotiating placing orders transport companies c) Accepting freight items site releasing material shipment d) Preparing accompanying documents shipment (BOL, customs clearance) e) Confirming shipment releasing invoicing general accounting f) Reporting shipping costs product cost accounting 6.1.10 Maintenance management (10.0) functions maintenance management include: a) Providing maintenance existing installations b) Providing preventative maintenance program c) Providing equipment monitoring anticipate failure, including self-check diagnostic programs d) Placing purchase requests materials spare parts e) Developing maintenance cost reports, coordinating outside contract work effort f) Providing status technical feedback performance reliability process support engineering functions maintenance management generate modify following informatiuse control functions: a) Maintenance schedules thspecify plfuture work orders b) Maintenance work orders thspecify specific equipment taken out service available maintenance functions c) Diagnostic self-requests performed equipment functions withmaintenance management inside control domain, based local organizational structures. Therefore selected data flows inout maintenance management defined because cross enterprise-control system boundary. 6.1.11 Research, development, engineering general functions research, development engineering include: a) Development products b) Definitiprocess requirements c) Definitiproduct requirements, relates productiproducts ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 34 — 6.1.12 Marketing sales general functions marketing sales include: a) Generating sales plans b) Generating marketing plans c) Determining customer requirements products d) Determining requirements standards products e) Interacting customers 6.2 Informatiflows informatiflows functions thare labeled Figure 5 listed below. informatiinformatiflows defined clause 7. 6.2.1 Schedule schedule informatiflows productischeduling (2.0) functions producticontrol (3.0) functions. contains information, production, whproduct made, much made, when made. Elements schedule informatidefined clauses 7.5.1 7.5.2, shown Figure 22. 6.2.2 Productiplproduction-from-plinformatiflows producticontrol (3.0) functions productischeduling (2.0) functions. contains informaticurrent completed productiresults executiplan. contains whwmade, much wmade, wmade, when wmade. Elements production-from-plinformatidefined clauses 7.5.3 7.5.4, shown Figure 23. 6.2.3 Producticapability producticapability informatiflows producticontrol (3.0) functions productischeduling (2.0) functions. Producticapability informatidefines current committed, available, unattainable capability productifacility. includes materials, equipment, labor, energy. Elements producticapability informatidefined clause 7.1.1 shown Figure 15. 6.2.4 Material energy requirements material energy requirement informatiflows material energy control (4.0) functions procurement (5.0) functions. Material energy requirements define future requirements materials energy required meet short-term long-term requirements based current availability. — 35 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 no object models material energy requirements, informatiuse definitions relating material energy detailed clause 7 object model. 6.2.5 Incoming confirmatiincoming confirmatiinformatiflows material energy control (4.0) functions procurement (5.0) functions. Incoming confirmations notificatithmaterial energy received. informatidetailed clause 7 object model because does cross interface enterprise control domains. 6.2.6 Long-term material energy requirements long-term material energy requirements informatiflows productischeduling (2.0) functions material energy control (4.0) functions. long-term material energy requirements time-sequenced definitions material energy resources thneeded planned production. no object models long-term material energy requirements, informatiuse definitions relating material energy detailed clause 7 object model. 6.2.7 Short-term material energy requirements short- term material energy requirements informatiflows producticontrol (3.0) functions material energy control (4.0) functions. short- term material energy requirements requirements resources thare needed currently scheduled executing production. include: a) Requests materials thinclude deadlines b) Reservations materials c) Indications actual consumptid) Release reservations e) Adjustments consumptiMaterial represented Figure 19 clause 7.3.4 material energy requirements represented Figure 22 clause 7.5.2. 6.2.8 Material energy inventory material energy inventory informatiflows material energy control (4.0) functions producticontrol (3.0) functions. material energy inventory informatiflows currently available material energy thcbe used short-term planning production. informatideals raw materials. Material energy inventory informatidefined clause 7.3.4. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 36 — 6.2.9 Producticost objectives producticost objectives informatiflows product cost accounting (8.0) functions producticontrol (3.0) functions. Producticost objectives productiperformance targets terms resources. could related product process. include materials, labhours, energy, equipment usage, actual costs. Elements producticost objectives defined clauses 7.1.2 7.4 shown Figure 21. 6.2.10 Productiperformance costs productiperformance costs informatiflows producticontrol (3.0) functions product cost accounting (8.0) functions. Productiperformance costs actual use results associated specific productiactivities. includes materials, labhours, energy, equipment usage. Results identified products, by-products, co-products, scrap. informatiwould sufficient detail identify costs product, co-products, scrap. 6.2.11 Incoming material energy receipt incoming material energy receipt informatiflows material energy control (4.0) functions product cost accounting (8.0) functions. Incoming material energy receipt notificatithmaterial energy received additional informatineeded cost accounting. include BOL (bill lading), MSDS (material safety data sheet), COA (certificate analysis). informaticoordinated incoming confirmati(clause 6.2.5) informatiflow. informatidetailed clause 6 object model because generally does cross interface enterprise control domains. 6.2.12 Quality assurance results quality assurance (QA) results informatiflows quality assurance (6.0) functions product inventory control (7.0) functions producticontrol, operations control (3.2) functions. Quality assurance results results QA tests performed raw materials, in-process materials, products. Quality assurance results concern tests performed product in-process tests performed particular segment production. Quality assurance results include granting inprocess waivers. positive QA result required before product inventory management ship product. positive QA result required before producticontrol transfers product product inventory control. 6.2.13 Standards customer requirements standards customer requirements informatiflows marketing sales functions quality assurance (6.0) functions, quality assurance producticontrol (3.0). Standards customer requirements specific values attributes product thsatisfy customer needs. include specific processing specifications material properties. — 37 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 informatiresult changes additions material, equipment, personnel properties associated tests (see clause 7.3). 6.2.14 Product process requirements product process requirements informatiflows research, development engineering (RD&E) functions quality assurance (6.0) functions. product process requirements define make product. corresponds general site recipes batch manufacturing, assembly instructions drawings discrete manufacturing, process descriptions continuous manufacturing. Informatispecific equipment, personnel, material requirements specified according models clause 7.4. 6.2.15 Finished goods waiver Finished goods waiver informatiflows processing (1.0) functions quality assurance (6.0) functions. Finished goods waivers approvals deviatinormal product specifications. Finished goods waivers negotiated customer deviations specifications defined standards customer requirements (clause 6.2.13). 6.2.16 In-process waiver request In-process waiver request informatiflows producticontrol (3.0) quality assurance (6.0) functions. In-process waiver requests requests waivers normal productiprocedures due deviations materials, equipment, quality metrics, normal product specifications maintained. response request quality assurance results. 6.2.17 Finished goods inventory finished goods inventory informatiflows product inventory control (7.0) functions productischeduling (2.0) functions. finished goods inventory informaticurrent inventory finished goods maintained product inventory control. include quantity, quality, locatiinformatithcbe used scheduling production, feedback previously scheduled production. total finished product available distributishipment. informatidescribed clause 7.3.4. 6.2.18 Process data process data informatiflows producticontrol (3.0) functions product inventory control (7.0) functions quality assurance (6.0) functions. Process data informatiproductiprocesses, related specific products productirequests, described clauses 7.5.3 7.5.4. Process data used quality assurance part QA functions, used product inventory control informatineeded part finished product deliverables. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 38 — 6.2.19 Pack out schedule pack out schedule informatiflows productischeduling (2.0) functions product inventory control (7.0) functions. pack out schedule consolidatiproduced items SKUs (stock-keeping unit) delicustomers, inventory, others. 6.2.20 Product process know-product process kinformatiflows research, development engineering (RD&E) functions producticontrol (3.0) functions. Product process know-includes standard operating procedures, recipes, critical safety limits, analytical methods. generated response operations requests originated RD&E products processes. Elements product process know-informatidefined clause 7.4 Figure 21. 6.2.21 Product process informatirequest product process informatirequest flows producticontrol (3.0) functions RD&E functions. product process informatirequest request modified product definitions process definitions. 6.2.22 Maintenance requests maintenance request informatiflows producticontrol (3.0) functions maintenance management (10.0) functions. Maintenance requests requests maintenance function. planned request unplanned request due unplanned event, lightning strike transformer. 6.2.23 Maintenance responses maintenance response informatiflows maintenance management (10.0) functions producticontrol (3.0) functions. Maintenance responses logged status completiroutine, scheduled, unplanned maintenance. 6.2.24 Maintenance standards methods Maintenance standards methods informatiflows producticontrol (3.0) functions maintenance management (10.0) functions. Maintenance standards methods accepted practices procedures thmaintenance follow performing its functions. — 39 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 6.2.25 Maintenance technical feedback Maintenance technical feedback informatiflows maintenance management (10.0) functions producticontrol (3.0) functions. Maintenance technical feedback informatiperformance reliability productiequipment include reporting performed maintenance. Reports maintenance include scheduled, preventive, predictive. 6.2.26 Product process technical feedback Product process technical feedback informatiflows producticontrol (3.0) functions RD&E functions. Product process technical feedback informatiperformance productiequipment product. informatigenerally results performance tests study requests operations control. 6.2.27 Maintenance purchase requirements Maintenance purchase requirements informatiflows maintenance management (10.0) functions procurement (5.0) functions. Maintenance purchase requirements informatimaterials supplies required perform maintenance tasks. 6.2.28 ProductiProductiinformatiflows processing (1.0) functions productischeduling (2.0) functions. Productiinformatiaccepted customer orders thdefines work plant. 6.2.29 Availability Availability informatiflows productischeduling (2.0) functions processing (1.0) functions. Availability informatiplant’s ability fulfill order. 6.2.30 Release ship Release ship informatiflows product shipping administrati(9.0) functions product inventory control (7.0) functions. Release ship informatipermissiship product. 6.2.31 Confirm Ship Confirm ship informatiflows product inventory control (7.0) functions product shipping administrati(9.0). Confirm ship informatiactual shipment product. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 40 — 7 Object Model Clause 7.1 overview informaticontained object model provides context object models. defines general categories informaticlauses 7.3, 7.4, 7.5. 7.1 Categories informatiMost informatidescribed clause 6 model falls inthree maareas: a) Informatirequired produce product b) Informaticapability produce product c) Informatiactual productiproduct informatithree areshared manufacturing control systems business systems, illustrated Figure 6. Venn diagrams used illustrate overlap information. standard only concerned overlapping informatiVenn diagrams, defining model commterminology thinformation. Figure 6 — Areinformatiexchange Business Planning & Logistics InformatiPlant ProductiScheduling, Operational Management, etc Manufacturing Operations & Control InformatiArea Supervision, Production, Scheduling, Reliability, Assurance, etc Product DefinitiInformati(make product) ProductiCapability Informati(Whavailable) ProductiInformati(Whmake results) — 41 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 7.1.1 Producticapability informatithree maareinformatiproducticapability thsignificant overlap. three areinformatiproducticapability information, maintenance information, capability scheduling information. Figure 7 illustrates overlapping information. Figure 7 — Producticapability informati7.1.1.1 Producticapability informatisite, area, element witharea definitiproducticapability personnel, equipment, materials. producticapability informatiincludes current state whavailable updated producticapability model Figure 15. 7.1.1.2 Maintenance informatisite, area, element witharea definitiequipment required maintenance. includes maintenance records informatipart producticapability model. maintenance informatiincludes current maintenance state equipment, defined informatiproducticapability model shown Figure 15. Maintenance InformatiCapability Scheduling InformatiProductiCapability InformatiScheduled productiequipment availability Preventive/predictive maintenance informatiProducticapability Productiequipment status ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 42 — 7.1.1.3 Capability scheduling informaticapability scheduling informaticontains process segments available product unit, process cell, productiline. site, area, equipment element witharea definitiproducticapability personnel, equipment, materials needed scheduling production. 7.1.1.4 Productiequipment status Productiequipment status informatishared equipment’s capacity capability model maintenance model. includes definitiequipment, current status equipment, usage history equipment. 7.1.1.5 Producticapability Producticapability defined informatishared producticapability model capacity scheduling model. includes definiticapacity, current status personnel, equipment, materials. 7.1.1.6 Scheduled productiequipment availability Scheduled productiequipment availability dynamic interactiproducticapability information, maintenance information, capability scheduling informatithallows forecasting scheduled productiequipment availability. 7.1.1.7 Preventive/predictive maintenance informatiPreventive/predictive maintenance informaticorrelatiequipment health maintenance requirements capability scheduling informatialign maintenance processes adjust capability scheduling informatiduring maintenance processes. 7.1.2 Product definitiinformatithree maareinformatirequired productispecific product thsignificant overlap. three areinformatischeduling, material information, productirules. Figure 8 illustrates overlapping information. — 43 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 8 — Productidefinitiinformati7.1.2.1 Product productirules Product productirules defined informatiused instruct manufacturing operatiproduce product. called general, site master recipe (IEC 61512-1 ANSI/ISA-88.01- 1995 definition), standard operating procedure (SOP), standard operating conditions (SOC), routing, assembly steps based productistrategy used. 7.1.2.2 Bill material bill material list materials required produce product showing quantity required. raw materials, intermediate materials, subassemblies, parts, consumables. list does contabreakdown materials used when needed, organized hierarchical manner thmaps productisteps. bill material often includes material related productiproduct, shipping materials included documentation. bill material subbill resources. manufacturing bill subbill material related production. 7.1.2.3 Bill resources bill resources list resources required produce product. Resources include materials, personnel, equipment, energy, consumables. bill resources does contaspecific productisteps, organized hierarchical manner thmaps productisteps. Bill Resources Bill Material Productiinformatispecific product detail required actual production. Product ProductiRules Material informatispecific product, including informatirelated producti(e.g. shipping materials) Scheduling informatispecific product, including informatirelated producti(e.g. material lead times) Product Segment ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 44 — 7.1.2.4 Product segment Product segment defined overlap informatiproduct productirules bill resources. describes job task consisting work elements, usually dessentially location. product segment most detailed process view business system control material, labor, resource usage, cost, quality control production. Product segments correspond to: a) IEC 61512-1 ANSI/ISA-88.01-1995 process stages, process operations, unprocedures, operations batch manufacturing b) productiunoperations continuous manufacturing c) assembly steps assembly actions discrete manufacturing d) types identifiable time spans types manufacturing example Figure 9 illustrates product segments Gantt-type chart time horizontal axbox corresponding different product segment. Productirouting overlap informatiproduct productirule informatibill resources informatiwithout bill material information. represents nonmaterial aspects productiequipment, labor, energy. Productiroutings include ordered sequence product segments. Material routing overlap informatiproductirule informatibill material information. represents both productimaterial inputs used product segments. — 45 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 9 — Example product segments 7.1.2.5 Overlapping areFigure 8 illustrates overlap informatidifferent areas, meant represent amount importance information. Different manufacturing business strategies different amounts informatishared different areas. Figure 10 illustrates amount informatiexamples. left side figure shows example manufacturing systems maintamost informatirequired product. right side figure shows example business systems maintamost information. Figure 10 — Possible informatioverlaps Bill Resources Product ProductiRules Bill Resources Product ProductiRules ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 46 — 7.1.3 Productiinformatithree maareinformatiactual productithsignificant overlap. three areproductiinformation, inventory information, productischeduling information. Figure 11 shows overlap areinformation. Figure 11 — Productiinformati7.1.3.1 Productihistory informatiProductihistory informatiinformatirecorded productiproduct. called mnames, batch journal, product log, traveler. 7.1.3.2 Productiinventory informatiProductiinventory informatiinformatiinventoried materials, including current status materials. Typically consumed produced materials maintained productiinventory information, sometimes intermediates maintained needed financial evaluation. industries include energy information. 7.1.3.3 Productischeduling informatischeduling model contains informatiexecutischeduled productiruns. 7.1.3.4 Productisegment informatiproductisegment informatipart productihistory informatithcontains informatisegments productiused scheduling. ProductiInventory InformatiProductiScheduling InformatiProductihistory informatiactual productiproducts ProductiHistory InformatiProductischedule performance Informatiinventoried material equipment. Scheduling informatiproductiProductiSegment InformatiProductiMaterial Informati— 47 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 7.1.3.5 Productimaterial informatiproductimaterial informatipart productihistory informatithcontains informatimaterial used inventory. 7.1.3.6 Productischedule performance Productischedule performance informatishared among productiinformation, inventory information, scheduling information. includes definitiraw materials consumed, materials produced, materials scrapped. includes definitilong segments productiactually took much material wproduced consumed specific segments production. informatigenerally used track actual productiagainst productirequests feedback scheduling cycle. 7.1.4 Process segment Given previous definitions, process segment defined collecticapabilities needed segment production, independent particular product. include material, energy, personnel, equipment capabilities. capabilities specify specific capabilities class capability (class equipment) needed process segment. Figure 12 illustrates capabilities relate process segments. a) manual segment define class materials class personnel needed productib) semi-automated segment define class materials, personnel, equipment needed c) non-material segment, equipment setup segment, define class equipment personnel used d) automated segment only define material equipment classes needed ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 48 — Figure 12 — Process segment capabilities relationship among collectiprocess segments, product segment definitions product, segment requirements specific productirequest. concept illustrated Figure 13. product segment reference process segment production, segment requirement reference product segment product being manufactured. Figure 13 — Segment relations Personnel Capability Equipment Capability material available productiMaterial Capability Manual process segments, repack available personnel capabilities Semi-automated process segments Non-material segments, equipment setup available equipment capabilities Automated process segments 7.2 Object model structure object models depicted using Unified Modeling Language8 (UML) notational methodology. diagrams kept simple result objects appear multiple diagrams. general model allowing extensibility informatiexchange through additiproperties objects. sets extensions thare business specific; example, food beverage business commonly understood extensions threlate nutritional content caloric content. Table 2 defines UML notations used object diagrams. Table 2 — UML notatiused ______ 8 J. J. Rumbaugh/I. Jacobson, UNIFIED MODELING LANGUAGE REFERENCE MANUAL, 1999 AddisWesley Longman, Inc. Reprinted permissiAddisWesley Longman. Symbol DefinitiDefines package, collectiobject models, state models, use classes, UML models. document package used specify external model, productirule model, reference anpart model. Defines class objects, same types attributes. object uniquely identifiable enumerable. No operations methods listed classes. Attributes “ - ” before name indicate attributes thare generally optional use class. associatielements class elements ansame class. associatiidentified. Cexpected number range members subclass, when ‘n’ indicates indeterminate number. example, 0,n means thzero members subclass exist. Generalizati(arrow points super class) shows thelement class specialized type super class. Dependence (tightly bound relationship items) shows thelement class depends element anclass. Aggregati(made up of) shows thelement class made up elements classes. PACKAGE Class Attributes : Type 1.1 AssociatiName Role Role Type Depends Made Up ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 50 — 7.3 Producticapability informatiproducticapability informaticollectiinformatiresources productiselected times. informaticorresponds overlap informatidepicted Figure 7. made up informatiequipment, material, personnel, process segments. describes names, terms, statuses, quantities which manufacturing control system knowledge. producticapability informaticontains ‘vocabulary’ capacity scheduling maintenance information. 7.3.1 Producticapability Producticapability collectiavailable capability, committed capability, unattainable capability, depicted Figure 14. producticapability theoretical maximum capability available use production. a) Committed capability defines resources thare committed future production, usually due existing schedules and/materials production. b) Unattainable capability defines resources thare attainable given equipment conditi(equipment out service maintenance), equipment utilizati(75% vessel filled 25% available products), personnel availability (vacations), material availability. c) Available capability defines resources thare available additional producticommitted production. d) capability identified current, identified future times, depicted Figure 14. e) Producticapability change over time equipment, material, personnel capability added, modified, removed. f) capability includes capacity resource. — 51 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 14 — Current future capabilities Figure 15 illustrates model producticapability. producticapability defined collectipersonnel capabilities, equipment capabilities, material capabilities, process segment capabilities, given segment time (current future), defined committed, available, unattainable. Capability ProductiCapability Unattainable Capability Available Capability Committed Capability Time Current Capabilities Current ProductiCapability ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 52 — Figure 15 — Producticapability model 7.3.1.1 Personnel capability Personnel capability defined references persons personnel classes committed, available, unattainable defined time. Personnel capability contains references persons personnel classes. Persons personnel classes defined personnel model clause 7.3.2. Personnel capability usually identify: a) capability type (available, unattainable, committed) b) time associated capability (example, third shift specific date) Specific personnel capabilities defined personnel capability properties. personnel capability property include quantity resource referenced, 3 horizontal drill press operators available third shift February 29, 2000. 7.3.1.2 Equipment capability Equipment capability defined references equipment equipment classes committed, available, unavailable defined time. Equipment capability contains references equipment equipment classes. Equipment equipment classes defined equipment model, clause 7.3.3. Personnel Capability Equipment Capability Material Capability Process Segment Capability Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model ProductiCapability Corresponds element defined collecti Personnel Capability Property Equipment Capability Property Material Capability Property properties properties properties Corresponds element Corresponds element — 53 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Equipment capability usually identify: a) capability type (available, unattainable, committed) b) time associated capability (example, third shift specific date) Specific equipment capabilities defined equipment capability properties. equipment capability properties include quantity resource referenced, 3 horizontal drill presses currently available. 7.3.1.3 Material capability Material capability defined references material lots sublots committed, available, unavailable defined time. includes informatiassociated functions material energy control (4.0) product inventory control (7.0). currently available committed material capability inventory. WIP (work progress) material capability currently under control production. Material capability usually identify: a) capability type (available, unattainable, committed) b) time associated capability (example, third shift specific date) Specific material capabilities defined material capability properties. material capability properties include quantity material referenced, 3 sublots building 3 material starch lot #12345 committed productiFebruary 29, 2000. 7.3.1.4 Process segment capability process segment capability defined logical grouping personnel resources, equipment resources, material committed, available, unavailable defined process segment specific time (see Figure 16). process segment capability related product segment thcoccur during production, defined product informatimodel, clause 7.4. process segment capability relate products. Process segment capability usually identify: a) capability type (available, unattainable, committed) b) time associated capability (example, third shift specific date) Process segment capabilities made up of: a) Personnel segment capabilities, which define specific properties required personnel segment capability properties b) Equipment segment capabilities, which define specific properties required equipment segment capability properties c) Material segment capabilities, which define specific properties required material segment capability properties ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 54 — Figure 16 — Process segment capability model 7.3.2 Personnel model personnel model contains informatispecific personnel, classes personnel, qualifications personnel. Figure 17 illustrates personnel model. Personnel Segment Capability Equipment Segment Capability Material Segment Capability Process Segment Capability properties properties properties defined collecti Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model Corresponds element Personnel Segment Capability Property Equipment Segment Capability Property Material Segment Capability Property Corresponds element Corresponds element Process Segment Corresponds — 55 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 17 — Personnel model 7.3.2.1 Personnel class personnel class means describe grouping persons similar characteristics purposes scheduling planning. persmember zero personnel classes. Examples personnel classes “cook machine mechanics,” “slicing machine operators,” “cat-cracker operator,” “zipper line inspectors.” 7.3.2.2 Personnel class property personnel class zero recognized properties. Examples personnel class properties personnel class “operators” “class 1 certified,” “class 2 certified,” “night shift,” “exposure hours.” Productirequests specify required personnel class property requirements product segment. 7.3.2.3 Perspersrepresents specifically identified individual. persmember zero personnel classes. a) Persinclude unique identificatiindividual 7.3.2.4 Persproperty perszero persproperties. specify current property values persassociated personnel property. example: persproperty “night shift” its value would “available," persproperty “exposure hours available” its value would “4.” Personnel Class Property PersProperty QualificatiSpecificatiPersonnel Class values PersQualificatiResult 1.n properties tested Maps Defined Records executiDefines procedure obtaining ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 56 — Persproperties include current availability perscurrent information, locatiassigned activity, unmeasure current information. 7.3.2.5 Qualificatispecificatiqualificatispecificatiassociated personnel class property persproperty. typically used qualificatirequired ensure tha perscorrect training and/experience specific operations. qualificatispecificatiproperties. qualificatispecificatiusually include: a) identificatib) versic) descripti7.3.2.6 Qualificatiresult qualificatiresult records results qualificatispecific person. qualificatiresult usually include: a) date b) result (passed, failed) c) expiratidate qualificati7.3.3 Equipment model equipment model contains informatispecific equipment, classes equipment, equipment capability tests, maintenance informatiassociated equipment. Figure 18 illustrates equipment model. — 57 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 18 — Equipment model 7.3.3.1 Equipment class equipment class means describe grouping equipment similar characteristics purposes scheduling planning. piece equipment member zero equipment classes. Examples equipment classes “reactunit,” “bottling line,” “horizontal drill press.” 7.3.3.2 Equipment class property equipment class zero recognized properties. Examples equipment class properties equipment class “reactunit” “lining material,” “BTU extractirate,” “volume.” Productirequests specify required equipment property requirements product segment. 7.3.3.3 Equipment Equipment represents elements equipment hierarchy model defined clause 4.2. Equipment definitions sites, areas, productiunits, productilines, work cells, process cells, units. Equipment made up equipment, defined equipment hierarchy model. example, productiline made up work cells. Examples equipment “reactun#1,” “bottling line #1,” “horizontal drill press #4.” Maintenance Request Maintenance Work Maintenance Response generated Equipment Class Property Equipment Property Equipment Capability SpecificatiEquipment Class values Equipment Equipment Capability Result 1.n properties tested Maps Defined Records executi result 0.1 made up against made against Defines procedure obtaining ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 58 — 7.3.3.4 Equipment property equipment zero equipment properties. specify current property values equipment associated equipment class property. Equipment properties include unmeasure. example, equipment class property “volume” its value would “50000” unmeasure “liters,” equipment property “lining material” its value would “glass.” Examples equipment properties are: a) current availability equipment b) current information, when calibratineeded c) maintenance status d) current state equipment e) performance values 7.3.3.5 Equipment capability specificatiequipment capability specificatiassociated equipment property. typically used required ensure thequipment rated capability. equipment capability specificatiequipment properties. equipment capability specificatiusually include: a) identificatib) versic) descripti7.3.3.6 Equipment capability result equipment capability result records results qualificatispecific piece equipment. equipment capability result usually include: a) date b) result (passed-failed quantitative result) c) expiratidate 7.3.3.7 Maintenance informatioverlap informatimanufacturing control maintenance equipment area. represented maintenance requests, maintenance responses, work orders associated specific equipment. — 59 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 maintenance request made against specific equipment. moutstanding maintenance requests against piece equipment. maintenance request result maintenance work against equipment. Zero maintenance work orders generated maintenance request. maintenance response made against maintenance work order. Maintenance requests usually include: a) made request b) date time request c) needed data time resolutid) equipment associated request e) descriptirequest f) priority Maintenance work orders usually include: a) associated perspersonnel class assigned b) assigned priority work c) status work (example, pending, process) Maintenance responses usually include: a) date time response b) responded work c) descriptiresponse d) result work 7.3.4 Material model material model defines actual materials, material definitions, informaticlasses material definitions. Material informatiincludes inventory raw, finished, intermediate materials. current material informaticontained material lot material sublot information. Material classes defined organize materials. Figure 19 illustrates material model. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 60 — Figure 19 — Material model 7.3.4.1 Material definitimaterial definitimeans describe goods similar characteristics purposes scheduling planning. Examples “city water,” “HCl,” “grade B aluminum.” materials identified raw, intermediate, final state information, availability safety information. material lot defined material definition. Material definitions related productirequest. same material different definitions different productirequests, depending specific customer requirements. 7.3.4.2 Material definitiproperty material definitifurther characterized through zero material definitiproperties. Examples material definitiproperty include density, pH factor, material strength. define nominal standard values material. 7.3.4.3 Material class material class means defining groupings material definitions use productischeduling processing. example material class "sweetener," members "fructose," "corn syrup," "sugar cane syrup." Anexample material class "water," members "city water," "recycled water," "spring water." material definitibelong zero material classes. 7.3.4.4 Material class property material class further characterized through zero material class properties. Examples material class properties include density, pH factor, material strength. material class properties usually define nominal, standard, values material. material property does match material class property. Material Sublot made up sublots Material DefinitiProperty Material Lot Property QA SpecificatiMaterial Definitivalues Material Lot QA Result 1.1 1.n properties o f tested Maps Defined Records executiMade up Material C lass Property Material C lass properties o f Defines grouping associated map Defines procedure obtaining — 61 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 7.3.4.5 Material lot material lot object uniquely identifies specific amount material, countable weighable. describes actual total quantity amount material available, its current state, its specific property values. Materials made up materials thassociatidescribed model. material lot include: a) unique identificatilot b) amount material (count weight) c) unmeasure material (example, parts, kg, tons) d) locatimaterial e) committed status lot Material lots material sublots used traceability when contaunique identifications. 7.3.4.6 Material lot property material unique values zero material lot properties, specific pH value specific lot material, specific density lot material. 7.3.4.7 Material sublot material lot stored separate identifiable quantity. separate identifiable quantity material identified material sublot object. material sublots contasame material lot, so use material lot element’s property values. material sublot just single item. material sublot contains locatisublot quantity amount material available sublot. Material sublots contasublots. example, sublot pallet, box pallet sublot, material blister pack box sublot. material sublot include: a) unique identificatisublot b) packing mode material c) unmeasure material (example, parts, kg, tons) d) committed status sublot 7.3.4.8 QA specificatiQA specificatiassociated material class property. typically used required ensure thmaterial required property value. QA specificatiANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 62 — identify material class properties. properties need defined QA specification. QA specifications related productirequest. same material different specifications different productirequests, depending specific customer requirements. QA specificatiusually include: a) identificatib) versic) descripti7.3.4.9 QA results QA result records results QA specific piece material lot. QA results usually following characteristics: a) related material lot b) related productirequest c) associated specific productiresponse d) related specific process segment e) generally include pass/fail status f) include quantitative informatitests g) result granting refusing in-process finished goods waiver request h) related product characteristic QA results associated specific productiresponse. 7.3.5 Process Segment Model process segment model contains informaticommonly defined process segments. Figure 20 illustrates process segment model. — 63 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 20 — Process segment model 7.3.5.1 Process segment process segment logical grouping personnel resources, equipment resources, material required carry out productistep. Process segment usually defines needed classes personnel, equipment, material, define specific resources, specific equipment needed. Process segment usually defines quantity resource needed. process segment related product segment thcoccur during production, defined product informatimodel clause 7.4. process segment relate products. Process segment usually identify: a) time duratiassociated capability (example, 5 hours, 5 hours/100 kg), b) include constraint rules associated ordering sequencing segments process segment made up process segments, hierarchy definitions. Figure 20 illustrates elements process segment. Personnel Segment SpecificatiEquipment Segment SpecificatiMaterial Segment SpecificatiProcess Segment Parameter Process Segment properties properties properties defined collecti made up Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model Corresponds element Personnel Segment SpecificatiProperty Equipment Segment SpecificatiProperty Material Segment SpecificatiProperty Corresponds element Corresponds element ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 64 — Process segments contaspecifications specific resources required process segment. Process segments contaparameters thcbe defined specific productirequests. 7.3.5.2 Process segment parameter Process segment parameters define specific parameters required segment. Examples parameters product colors, quality requirements, assembly options, packaging options. 7.3.5.3 Personnel segment specificatiPersonnel segment specifications define whpersonnel resources required process segment, three lamachine operators, certified inspector. Specific properties thare required specified personnel segment specificatiproperties. 7.3.5.4 Equipment segment specificatiEquipment segment specifications define whequipment resources required process segment, three laoperators, certified chamber. Specific properties thare required specified equipment segment specificatiproperties. 7.3.5.5 Material segment specificatiMaterial segment specifications define whmaterial resources required process segment, distilled water HCl. Specific properties thare required specified material segment specificatiproperties. 7.4 Product definitiinformatiproduct definitiinformatiinformatishared productirules, bill material, bill resources. three external models represented packages Figure 21; definitions outside scope document. model clause defines informatishown shaded areFigure 8. — 65 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 21 — Product definitimodel 7.4.1 Product segment product segment identifies, references, corresponds process segment. product segment related specific product, while process segment product independent. product segment specifies values needed quantify segment specific product, specific number operators specific qualifications. Personnel SpecificatiEquipment SpecificatiMaterial SpecificatiProduct Parameter Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model Product Segment Corresponds element Corresponds element Corresponds element defined collecti Bill Resources (External) Bill Material (External) Product ProductiRule associated associated associated associated 1.n 1.n 1.1 made up Personnel SpecificatiProperty Equipment SpecificatiProperty Material SpecificatiProperty Manufacturing Bill reference reference Process Segment Corresponds ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 66 — collectiproduct segments product defines sequence ordering segments required manufacture product sufficient detail productiplanning scheduling. corresponding productirule defines additional detail required actual production. product segment use zero resources, which correspond equipment specification, personnel specificatimaterial specification. product segment parameter values parameters specified corresponding process segment. 7.4.1.1 Product parameter productirule definitioutside scope document, productirule associated zero product parameters per product segment product defined. product parameters define names types values thsent control system parameterize product. Examples product parameter specifications “pH 3.5,” “pressure lim35 psi,” “flange col= orange.” Product parameters include: a) identificatiparameter b) default value parameter c) units measure parameter value d) Possible ranges parameter value--include alarm quality ranges e) Tolerances acceptable parameter values 7.4.1.2 Personnel specificatipersonnel specificatiidentifies, references, corresponds personnel capability usually specifies personnel class sometimes specify person. identifies specific personnel capability associated identified product segment. personnel specificatiinclude: a) identificatipersonnel capability needed b) quantity personnel capability needed c) unmeasure quantity Specific elements associated personnel specificatiincluded personnel specificatiproperties. Examples personnel specificatiproperties training level required, specific skill required, exposure availability. 7.4.1.3 Equipment specificatiequipment specificatiidentifies, references, corresponds equipment capability specify either equipment class piece equipment. identifies specific equipment capability associated identified product segment. equipment specificatiinclude: a) identificatiequipment capability needed either equipment class needed specific equipment b) quantity equipment capability needed c) unmeasure quantity — 67 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 d) productiperformance target Specific elements associated equipment specificatiincluded equipment specificatiproperties. Examples equipment specificatiproperties material construction, maximum material capacity, minimum heextractiamount. 7.4.1.4 Material specificatimaterial specificatiidentifies corresponds material capability usually specifies material material class. identifies specific material specificatiassociated identified product segment. material specificatiinclude : a) identificatimaterial capability needed b) quantity material capability needed c) unmeasure quantity d) Alternate materials material classes thcould used place primary material specified e) productiperformance target Specific elements associated material specificatiincluded material specificatiproperties. Examples material specificatiproperties colrange, density tolerance, maximum scrap content. 7.4.2 Manufacturing bill manufacturing bill identifies material material class needed productiproduct. manufacturing bill includes uses material productiproduct, while product segment’s material specificatidefines just amount used segment production. example, manufacturing bill identify 55 Type C left-threaded screws, 20 used product segment, 20 anproduct segment, 15 third product segment. 7.5 ProductiinformatiProductiinformatidefined models, shown Figure 22 Figure 23. correspond requests productiresponses requests. request productidefined productischedule. 7.5.1 Productischedule productischedule shown Figure 22 defines shaded informatishown Figure 11. productischedule made up productirequests. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 68 — Figure 22 — Productischedule model 7.5.2 Productirequest productirequest defines request productisingle product identified productirule. productirequest contains informatirequired manufacturing fulfill scheduled production. subbusiness productiinformation, contaadditional informatinormally used business system. productirequest might identify reference associated productirule. productirequest contaleast segment requirement, spans productiproduct. uniquely defined productirule, then segment requirement contaleast material produced requirement identification, quantity, units measure material produced. productirequest include: Personnel Requirement Equipment Requirement Material Produced Requirement Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model Corresponds element Corresponds element Corresponds element conta 1.n Personnel Requirement Property Equipment Requirement Property Material Produced Requirement Property 1.n 1.n 1.n ProductiSchedule Product Parameter Process Parameter Material Consumed Requirement Corresponds element Material Consumed Requirement Property 1.n Consumable Expected Consumable Expected Property 1.n Segment Requirement 1.n made up made up associated either Process Segment Product ProductiRule Requested Segment Response Corresponds Corresponds ProductiParameter ProductiRequest — 69 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 a) When start production, typically used scheduling system controls schedule b) When productibe finished, typically used manufacturing system controls its internal schedule meet deadlines c) priority request, typically used exact ordering productiexternally scheduled d) pack out schedule e) pre-assigned lot identificatiproduced material productirequest reported productiresponses. situations, material identification, productirule identification, material quantity needed manufacturing. situations require additional information. additional informatidescribed productiparameters, personnel requirements, equipment requirements, material requirements. 7.5.2.1 Segment requirement productirequest made up segment requirements. segment requirement correspond to, reference, identified process segment. segment requirement identifies references segment capability which associated personnel, equipment, materials, productiparameters correspond. personnel requirement property, equipment requirement property product parameter align personnel property, equipment property, product parameters sent part productirequest. scheduling functisends informatiunderstood receiving control function, then thinformaticanused withcontrol function. Likewise scheduling functiable determine whinformaticbe accepted control function. 7.5.2.2 Personnel requirement personnel requirement associated personnel requirement property elements refer number, type, duration, scheduling specific certifications job classifications needed support current productirequest. Examples job classificatitypes include "mechanics," "operators," "health & protection," "inspectors." example, requirement operatspecified level certificatiavailable hours productistarts. would personnel requirement requirement operatpersonnel requirement properties, certificatilevel time requirement. personnel requirement typically includes: a) identificatipersonnel capability needed, “milling machine operator” b) quantity personnel capability needed Specific elements associated personnel requirement included personnel requirement properties. Examples personnel requirement property elements training certification, specific skill, physical location, seniority level, exposure level, training certification, security level, experience level, physical requirements, overtime limitations restrictions. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 70 — 7.5.2.3 Equipment requirement productirequest include requirements for, constraints upon, equipment thfacility use productiprocess scheduled item. Requirements cbe generic materials construction, specific particular piece equipment. requirements instance equipment requirement class. equipment requirement identifies general class equipment (“reactvessels”), specific class equipment (“isothermal reactors”), specific piece equipment (“isothermal react#7”). specific requirements equipment, equipment class defined equipment requirement property objects. equipment requirement typically includes: a) identificatiequipment capability needed, “milling machine” b) quantity equipment capability needed c) product segment equipment requirement needed in, “first-step rough shaping” Specific elements associated equipment requirement included equipment requirement properties. Examples equipment requirement properties material constructiminimum equipment capacity. 7.5.2.4 Material produced requirement material produced requirement identificatimaterial produced productirequest. material produced requirement include: a) total quantity material produced unmeasure, 5000 lbs b) acceptable range quantity material Specific elements associated material produced requirement included material produced requirement properties. Examples material produced requirement properties are: a) fcontent b) octane rating c) delilocations d) material lot identificati(“starch lot #45663”) assigned material e) identificatisublots 7.5.2.5 Material consumed requirement material consumed requirement identificatimaterial used productirequest. material consumed requirement include: — 71 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 a) total quantity material used unmeasure, 5000 lbs b) acceptable range quantity material Specific elements associated material consumed requirement included material consumed requirement properties. Examples material produced requirement properties include: a) Material lot (“starch lot #45663”) b) list possible material lots thcbe used production, productisystem operators select lot list, described clause 7.3.4.5 c) material definition, “starch,” actual lot material specified d) material class, "starch alternates," so thmaterial lot thclass cbe used producti7.5.2.6 Consumable expected Consumable expected includes resources thare normally included bills material individually accounted specific productirequests. Depending industry include water, catalysts, commchemicals, utilities, electricity steam. items often result direct charges thusually considered costing product segment. Consumables often materials thdo inventory balance. industries consumable expected used informatiincluded material consumed requirement. Consumables do lot identifications. Consumables lot identifications typically treated material consumed requirements. Consumable expected usually include following information: a) identificatiresource expected consumed b) total quantity resource expected consumed unmeasure quantity Specific elements associated consumable expected included consumable expected properties. Examples consumable expected properties include: a) unique identificaticonsumable, “river water 01-01-2001” b) definiticonsumable, “rubber gloves” "cottballs" 7.5.2.7 Productiparameter productiparameter informaticontained enterprise system required operatisystem correct production. Examples productiparameters are: ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 72 — a) quality limits b) setpoints c) targets d) specific customer requirements ("purity = 99.95%") e) final dispositiproduced product f) transportatiinformatig) informatidirectly related control (customer number required labeling language labels) productiparameter include: a) identificatiparameter thmatches product parameter product’s productirule, “target acidity” b) value parameter, 3.4 c) type parameter, “pH” d) limits thapply change value, quality limits safety limits Productiparameters either product parameters thdefine characteristics product (paint color), process parameters thdefine characteristics productiprocess (bake time). 7.5.2.8 Requested segment response requested segment response definitiinformatithsent back result productirequest. informatisame form segment response, without containing actual values. requested segment response include required information, which defines informatithreported production, actual amount material consumed. requested segment response include optional information, which defines informatithreported production, operator-entered comments. 7.5.3 Productiperformance performance requested manufacturing requests productiperformance. Productiperformance collectiproductiresponses (see Figure 23). 7.5.4 Productiresponse Productiresponses responses manufacturing thare associated productirequest. productiresponses single productirequest productifacility needs splproductirequest insmaller elements work. example, single productirequest producti“200 gears” reported ten productiresponse objects “20 gears” because manufacturing restrictions. — 73 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 productiresult include status request, percentage complete, finished status, aborted status. Figure 23 — Productiperformance model Productiresponses contaitems reported back business system, end productiduring production. business system need kintermediate productiresponse statuses, rather thwaiting final productiresponse status, because cost accounting material produced intermediate materials. 7.5.4.1 Segment response productiresponse specific segment productidefined segment response. segment response made up zero sets informatiproductidata, personnel actual, equipment actual, utilities actual, materials consumed actual, materials produced actual, consumables actual. segment response include: Personnel Actual Equipment Actual Material Produced Actual ProductiData Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model Corresponds element Corresponds element Corresponds element conta 1.n Personnel Actual Property Equipment Actual Property Material Produced Actual Property 1.n 1.n 1.n ProductiPerformance ProductiResponse Material Consumed Actual Corresponds element Material Consumed Actual Property 1.n Consumable Actual Consumable Actual Property 1.n Segment Response 1.n made up made up Process Segment Corresponds ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 74 — a) identificatiassociated process segment b) actual starting stopping time segment c) duratisegment response actuals contaattributes thdefine response wrequired optional. 7.5.4.2 Productidata Productidata informatirelated actual products made. Examples productidata are: a) customer number associated productirequest b) Specific commercial notes operations related customer order, “complete,” “incomplete,” anticipated completidate time c) Quality informatid) Certificatianalyse) Procedural deviations, identificatievent defined ansystem alarm informatif) Process behavior, temperature profiles g) Operatbehavior, interventions, actions, comments 7.5.4.3 Personnel actual personnel actuals productiresponse identifies personnel capability used during specified product segment. Productifunctions often require people resource carry out tasks. Personnel actuals include following information: a) identificatiresource used, usually identifying specific personnel capability personnel class, "end point transmissiassembly operators," personnel IDs “JeSmith” “SS# 999-123-4567” Specific informatipersonnel actuals defined personnel actual properties. Examples personnel actual properties are: a) actual duratiuse personnel during product segment, “2 hours”; informatioften needed actual costing analysb) Actual monitored exposure times personnel during product segment c) locatipersonnel use product segment, “area 51”; informatioften used short-term scheduling personnel resources 7.5.4.4 Equipment actual equipment actual productiresponse identifies equipment capability used during specified product segment. Productifunctions often require equipment resource carry out tasks. Equipment actual include following information: — 75 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 a) identificatiequipment used, usually identifying specific piece equipment Specific informatiequipment actuals defined equipment actual properties. Examples equipment actual properties are: a) actual duratiuse equipment during product segment; informatioften needed actual costing analysb) equipment condition, use product segment, status available, out-ofservice, cleaning; informatioften used short-term scheduling equipment resources c) equipment setup procedures used product segment; informatioften needed actual costing analysscheduling feedback d) equipment attributes, percentage available capability used 7.5.4.5 Material produced actual material produced actual productiresponse identifies material produced during defined product segment. material final product, intermediate product thidentified costing scheduling purposes, scrapped product material. Material produced actuals include following information: a) identificatimaterial produced, usually identifying material; examples include “resin- 89-B”, “motherboard MP667a” b) quantity material produced unmeasure quantity produced, “500 parts,” “50000 liters” Specific informatimaterial produced actuals defined material produced actual properties. Examples material produced actual properties are: a) identificatimaterial lot material sublot produced b) Type material, final, intermediate, co-product 7.5.4.6 Material consumed actual material consumed actual productiresponse identifies material used during specified product segment. material identified bill material raw material purchased material. Material consumed usually includes following information: a) identificatimaterial consumed b) quantity material consumed unmeasure quantity Specific informatimaterial consumed actuals defined material consumed actual properties. Examples material consumed actual properties are: a) material lot material sublot consumed b) Comments use operations ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 76 — 7.5.4.7 Consumable actual Consumable actuals include resources thare normally included bills material individually accounted specific productirequests. include water, catalysts, commchemicals, utilities, electricity steam. items often result direct charges thusually considered costing product segment. Consumables often materials thdo inventory balance. Consumable actuals usually include following information: a) identificatiresource consumed b) quantity resource consumed unmeasure quantity c) Specific informaticonsumable actuals defined consumable actual properties 7.6 Model cross reference Figure 24 provides informative illustratiobject models inter-relate. productiinformatidefines whwmade whwused. Its elements correspond informatiproductischeduling thdefined whmake whuse. productischeduling elements correspond informatiproduct definitithdefines whspecified make product. product definitielements correspond informatiprocess segment definitions thdefine whcbe dproductiresources. slanted rectangles Figure 24 represent resources (personnel, equipment, material) properties. — 77 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure 24 —Object model inter-relations Table 3 provides cross-reference elements informatiflows data flow model corresponding clause describing object model. ProductiPerformance ProductiResponse Segment Response Corresponds Resource Actual Property Resource Actual ProductiRequest Segment Requirement Resource Requirement Property Resource Requirement ProductiRule Product Segment Resource SpecificatiProperty Resource SpecificatiProcess Segment Capability Resource Segment Capability Property Resource Segment Capability Corresponds Corresponds Corresponds ProductiInformatiWhwmade & used ProductiScheduling Whbe made & used Product DefinitiWhdefined make product Process Capability Whcbe dresources Corresponds Corresponds Corresponds Corresponds Corresponds Corresponds ProductiSchedule ProductiCapability Resource Capability Property Resource Capability Corresponds Corresponds ProductiCapability Whresources available ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 78 — Table 3 — Model cross reference Data Flow Model InformatiFunctiFunctiObject Model clause 6.2.1 Schedule Productischeduling (2.0) Producticontrol (3.0) 7.5.1 7.5.2 6.2.2 ProductiplProducticontrol (3.0) Productischeduling (2.0) 7.5.3 7.5.4 6.2.3 Producticapability Producticontrol (3.0) Productischeduling (2.0) 7.3 6.2.4 Material energy requirements Producticontrol (3.0) Defined terms Material Model, 7.3.4 6.2.5 Incoming confirmatiMaterial energy control (4.0) Procurement (5.0) Defined terms Material Model, 7.3.4 6.2.6 Long-term material energy requirements Productischeduling (2.0) Material energy control (4.0) Defined terms Material Model, 7.3.4 6.2.7 Short-term material energy requirements Producticontrol (3.0) Material energy control (4.0) Defined terms Material Model, 7.3.4 6.2.8 Material energy inventory Material energy control (4.0) Producticontrol (3.0) 7.3.4 6.2.9 Producticost objectives Product cost accounting (8.0) Producticontrol (3.0) 7.4 6.2.10 Productiperformance cots Producticontrol (3.0) Product cost accounting (8.0) 7.5.3 7.5.4 6.2.11 Incoming material energy receipt Material energy control (4.0) Product inventory control (7.0) 6.2.12 Quality assurance results Quality assurance (6.0) Producticontrol (3.0) 7.3.4.9 7.5.4 6.2.13 Standards customer requirements Marketing sales Quality assurance (6.0) 7.3 7.5.2 Quality assurance (6.0) Producticontrol (3.0) 6.2.14 Product process requirements Research, development, engineering Quality assurance (6.0) 7.4 6.2.15 Finished goods waiver Functions processing (1.0) Quality assurance (6.0) Typically unstructured informatihandled ad-hoc bas6.2.16 In-process waiver request Producticontrol (3.0) Quality assurance (6.0) Defined terms Material Model, 7.3.4 6.2.17 Finished goods inventory Product inventory control (7.0) Productischeduling (2.0) 7.3.4 7.5.4 6.2.18 Process data Producticontrol (3.0) Quality assurance (6.0) 7.5.3 7.5.4 6.2.19 Pack out schedule Productischeduling (2.0) Product inventory control (7.0) 7.5.2 6.2.20 Product process know-Research, development, engineering Producticontrol (3.0) 7.4 — 79 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table 3 (continued) Data Flow Model InformatiFunctiFunctiObject Model clause 6.2.21 Product process informatirequest Producticontrol (3.0) Research, development, engineering 6.2.22 Maintenance requests Producticontrol (3.0) Maintenance management (10.0) 7.3.3 6.2.23 Maintenance responses Maintenance management (10.0) Producticontrol (3.0) 7.3.3 6.2.24 Maintenance standards methods Producticontrol (3.0) Maintenance management (10.0) 6.2.25 Maintenance technical feedback Maintenance management (10.0) Producticontrol (3.0) 7.1.1 7.3 6.2.26 Product process technical feedback Producticontrol (3.0) Research, development, engineering 6.2.27 Maintenance purchase requirements Maintenance management (10.0) Procurement (5.0) 6.2.28 ProductiFunctions processing (1.0) Productischeduling (2.0) 6.2.29 Availability Productischeduling (2.0) Functions processing (1.0) 6.2.30 Release ship Product shipping administrati(9.0) Product inventory control (7.0) 6.2.31 Confirm ship Product inventory control (7.0) Product shipping administrati(9.0) page intentionally left blank. — 81 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Annex (informative) — Bibliography abbreviations A.1 Bibliography Cox III, James F., BlackstJr, John H., APICS Dictionary Ninth Edition, APICS - Educational Society Resource Management, Alexandria VA. ISBN 1-55822-162-X, 1998. DeMarco, T., Structured AnalysSystem Specification, Prentice HInc., Upper Saddle River, NJ (1978). MESA International, MES Functionality MRP MES Data Flow Possibilities - White Paper Number 2 (1994). Motard, R., Blaha, M., Book, N., Fielding, J., “Process Engineering Databases - PDXI Perspective,” Foundations Computer-Aided Process Design (FOCAPD), AmericInstitute Chemical Engineers, York, NY (1994). PDXI - Process Data eXchange Institute (PDXI) represents initiative Computing Systems Technology (CAST) DivisiAmericInstitute Chemical Engineers, York, NY. Sitton, O., Motard, R., Blaha, M., Goldstein, B., Hendrick, J., Fielding, J., “Road CommByte”, Chemical Engineering, September (1994). [Contains list published references related PDXI.] Williams, T., Purdue Enterprise Reference Architecture--A Technical Guide CIM Planning Implementation, ISA, Research Triangle Park, NC (1992). A.2 Abbreviations CIM – Computer Integrated Manufacturing CGMP – Current Manufacturing Practices – defined United States Code Federal Regulations 21 CFR. COA – Certificate AnalysERP – Enterprise Resources Planning KPI – Key Performance IndicatLIMS – Laboratory InformatiManagement System METL – MissiEssential Task List MO&C – Manufacturing Operations Control MRP – Materials Requirements Planning MRP II – Manufacturing Resources Planning MSDS – Material Safety Data Sheet PRM – Purdue Reference Model ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 82 — QA – Quality Assurance RD&E – Research Development & Engineering SCM – Supply ChaManagement SKU – Stock-Keeping UnSOC – Standard Operations Conditions SOP – Standard Operating Procedure Standardized Operational Procedure SPC – Statistical Process Control – techniques based statistical principles methods used regulate quality products processes. cSQC. SQC – Statistical Quality Control – techniques based statistical principles methods used regulate quality products processes. UML – Unified Modeling Language WIP – Work Process — 83 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Annex B (informative) — Business drivers key performance indicators clause contains collectibusiness drivers KP(key performance indicators) issues thdefined, used potential touch points inbusiness processes users standard. called Critical Success Factors. drivers used informational content included withstandards. determined communications model adequately addressed business issue associated integration. business drivers identified being critical success operations manufacturing companies across variety industries. drivers clarified validated operating companies vendors companies. drivers provide users baswhich determine usage standard based particular industry informatisystem needs. B.1 History Key business drivers areperformance thare most critical organization’s success. Key business driver term used connectistrategic planning related goal setting. Key business drivers refer principal organization-level requirements (similar MissiEssential Task List, METL, tactical units), derived short- long-term strategic planning. include customer-driven quality requirements operational requirements productivity, cycle time, deployment technology, strategic alliances, supplier development, research development. simplest terms, key business drivers those things organizatido its strategy succeed. (Sources: Interpret Malcolm Baldrige 1995 Award Criteria Mark Graham Brown Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award 1995 & 1996 Award Criteria, National Institute Standards Technology, US Department Commerce.) B.2 Drivers issues Business drivers, manufacturing facility, generate need informatiflow executive offices process manufacturing floor. Enterprises focus business drivers meet competitive requirements marketplace. Business drivers subsequently influence informatisent productifloinfluenced informatigathered productifloor. Business drivers informatidemands identified. Additional research work required clarify scope definitidrivers informatidemands particular users requirements. always business process thneeds informatiproduction, needs exercise control productithdrives need integration. Integratirequires thproductiinformaticbe mapped back business information. B.3 Value standard business Manufacturing enterprises typically dynamic entities. continual changes business processes meet changing business legal environments. usually continual changes productiprocesses, technologies advances producticapabilities emerge. purpose standard aid separatibusiness processes productiprocesses. standard describes informatiway business-process independent production-process independent. Figure B-1 illustrates concept commmodel thbridges different business productiprocesses. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 84 — Figure B-1 — Multiple business productiprocesses B.4 Vendor-independent exchange Anvalue standard business separatiexchanged informatispecific implementations manufacturing control systems specific implementations business management systems. Manufacturing control systems change when productiprocesses change, when factories bought sold, when control equipment updated replaced. Likewise, business management systems change due corporate mergers, sell-offs, technology changes, business legal changes. standard provides vendor-independent methods describing informatiexchanged thcbe consistent across changes manufacturing systems business systems. B.5 Business drivers terms labels thdescribe business drivers include: B.5.1 Available promise Automated available-to-promise achieved giving takers access inventory capacity information, cases vendinformation, so thare able commreliable delidates while customer still telephone. Informatineeded automated available-to-promise: a) current finished goods inventory Make Stock Engineer Configure PDXI NAMUR Make Continuous Manufacturing Models S88.01 SME Batch Manufacturing Models Discrete Manufacturing Models S95.00.01 Alternate Logistics Strategies Alternate Manufacturing Strategies — 85 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 b) current productiplthproduct c) realistic capacities productifacility thproduct d) raw material inventories e) raw material purchasing capability B.5.2 Reduced cycle time Cycle time defined time takes produce product time placed. Cycle time refers responsiveness completitime measures -- time required fulfill commitments complete tasks. (Source: Malcolm Baldrige 1996 Award Criteria, National Institute Standards Technology, US Department Commerce.) reasthbusinesses concentrate minimizing total cycle time generally increase inventory turns. net result increasing business’s ROA (return assets). reduce cycle time business identify aremost delay waiting occurs address them appropriately. most cases, time needed plreact changes much longer thtime build. Response time improvement requires aspects planning, scheduling executibe taken inaccount. Reducing time plallows frequent analysforecasts less dependence forecasting data (Source: K. Cyrus Hadavi, CEO, ParagManagement Systems). B.5.3 Asefficiency Asefficiency focus maximizing effective cost-effective use assets productiproducts. informatiobtained productienvironment deliver enterprise realistic informatiproducticapabilities plant, train, unit, work cell, etc. Asefficiency desire better utilize assets company. usually involves assets company, production, service, administration, support, sales, marketing. Asefficiency improves company’s ROA. Asefficiency imply: a) operating capacity, timely maintenance b) operating equipment efficiently terms its operating parameters its maintenance c) measurements counter readings per operating hours d) time, temperature, pressure/vibration, status detailed data e) maintenance schedules, operating/maintenance specifications, procedure times B.5.4 Agile manufacturing Agile manufacturing ability reconfigure productiassets quickly meet market demand. requires ability change productiusing existing plants equipment. Agility manufacturing ability thrive manufacturing environment continuous often unanticipated change fast market customized products. Agile manufacturing uses concepts geared toward making everything "reconfigurable." ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 86 — Agile enterprises supported networked infrastructure thclink multi-compteams inintegrated virtual corporation. Agile manufacturing requires thproducticquickly respond changes product definition, sometime change product productiprocesses mid-stream. B.5.5 Supply chaoptimizatiaim supply chamanagement (SCM) player supply chaconduct business labest informatieveryelse chain, guiding supply deminperfect balance. purpose move product point origthconsumptileast amount time smallest cost. Supply chamanagement helps managers do things integrate retail channels manufacturing, drive dempoint sale, eliminate inventory buffers distributichain. SCM extends beyond walls enterprise suppliers distributors. Supply chamanagement moves supply chaoptimizatiwhen supply chaused maximize effectiveness whole, maximizing effectiveness individual parts. Supply chaoptimizatiinvolves making complex tradeoffs satisfy business objectives reducing operational costs inventory, improving delireliability response time, service customer. B.5.6 Quality & traceability Quality traceability cbe business driver businesses. required factors regulatory compliance, service cost measurement per product improvement, reliability customers, humresources tracking exposure hazardous items. Quality traceability requires thinformatitypically kept withmanufacturing system made available parts enterprise. often requires integratiproducticontrol quality assurance, corporate quality system. B.5.7 Operatempowerment Moving decision-making operations sometimes provides competitive advantage, operatdecisions cdirectly measurable financial impacts. operations flothus requires significant increase informatithwaccessible only business offices past. Empowerment: conditiwhereemployees authority make decisions take actiwork arewithout priapproval. act vesting appropriate authority hands people nearest problems solved. (Source: Leadership Total Army Quality, US Department Defense.) B.5.8 Improved planning Improved planning key business driver companies expensive inventory, time-consuming productifast customer changes, variable demand. Improved planning requires access use informatithroughout corporatimove planning outproductirequests closer productischedules. Improved planning requires continual feedback actual productimaterial consumption, continual feedback deminventories. — 87 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 B.5.9 Summary business driver list all-inclusive. business driver thimpacts cost, capacity, compliance, time, analyscould added list. Additionally, informational components business driver often required when addressing business drivers. example clause B.6 basic situatithprovide starting point various business drivers. B.6 Example business driver informatiflow example business drivers associated productifunctions generate need informatiflow throughout business enterprise described follows. business driver, available promise, basic business driver. assume manufacturing business. business, certafunctional steps thgenerate informatiflow business enterprise (office) productiflo(control systems). consider business general manufacturing facility. typical business day, customers requesting buy our product. Armed informatiour sales personnel, progress manufacturing floor. Here, informatigeneratioutlined following steps: a) Current State: right now? Ebusiness requires knowledge its current manufacturing business situation. informatidefined productiplproductiperformance costs standard’s data flow model. b) Target State: do want go? normal course business, orders received, legal requirements change, weather informational impact through business. So, informatithflows business practices manufacturing practices. informatidefined schedule pack out schedule standard’s data flow model. c) TransitiState: Prichange, significant amount informatigenerated anticipate changes managed. when things actually change, history gathering changes actually occur. informatidefined productiperformance standard’s object model. d) Planning/Scheduling: business, need informatiregarding current state, target state transitienvironment occur times per week, day operations shift. frequency schedule update frequency informatiuploads depend industry needs. grouping series steps A, B, C described schedule manufacturing floor. Or, business offices regard plan. Either way, informatithflow reconcile issues. informatidefined productischedule standard’s object model. e) Planned vs. Actual: certatimes, typical business review actions steps through C see business requires adjustments. method describing steps thgenerate informatiflow business offices productifloavailable-to-promise enterprise. Regardless specific business driver associated functions identified, steps described make-to-example above required meet business drivers. example, mbusiness drivers require business kwhcurrent state its business is. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 88 — B.7 Definitions clause defines terms sometimes used describing key business drivers. B.7.1 Current state reporting Current state reporting collectiinformatithcharacterizes current activity conditions thexist manufacturing environment. informaticollected purpose decisisupport. informatiallows you understyou relationship current commitments. informatidescribed standard current producticapability information. terms often used current state reporting include: a) Productirequest: Informaticurrent productischedule respect actual product threquested productib) Productiquantity: much current productirequest completed (cumulative versus request) c) Current rate: Whinstantaneous rate productiproduct requested. d) Quality: Measure effectiveness producti- measurement product quality, yields data, waste, loss, yield, material energy balance…) e) Physical equipment status: informatimaintenance state equipment, work cells, trains, etc. determine current future availability thequipment productinext product. f) Predictive maintenance: predictive determinatiwhen equipment need maintenance, mechanism perform maintenance equipment before its expected errfailure time. g) Preventative maintenance: performing maintenance before errfailure occurs, mechanism perform maintenance, usually fixed time run-time schedule. h) Inventory status: Data materials thimpact decisiproceed next product’s production. B.7.2 Turnaround time Turnaround time time required change productimechanism purpose producing different product same product different characteristics. informatithdetermine turnaround time includes: a) current state items current state productifacility b) Historical transititimes, given current state productifacility c) Standard operating procedures required switch over d) Resource requirements versus available (labor, material, equipment) B.7.3 Campaigning Campaigning planning executiproductibased existing capacity, raw material, resources productirequest. campaign usually limited run product through producti— 89 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 process. Campaigns clast days months depending products, processes, productirequirements. Control strategy physical process changes accompcampaigns. important aspect campaigning letting productiksequence events scheduled runs ahead time. Campaigns generally deal single product, products compatible processing product requirements. Campaign planning address previous product characteristics maximize agility change. Campaigning addressed standard through productischedules productirequests. B.7.4 targets targets define whmake next time sequence when start it--mainly informatidemthcontrol system places enterprise productiorder. targets handled standard through productiparameters productirequest. type informatirequired targets depends industry. targets cbe fixed numbers discrete environments cbe variable values, tables functions, continuous environments. targets include product quality characteristics. B.8 Data reconciliatiData reconciliatiserious issue enterprise-control integration. data be useful enterprise system. data often determined physical measurements thassociated errfactors. usually converted inexact values enterprise system. conversirequire manual, intelligent reconciliaticonverted values. Additional problems occur when type physical measurement, volume, used calculate informatibased related value, weight. example, refining industry operations flochanges density products, measures volume, then uses inference calculate density weight. Systems up ensure thaccurate data sent productiproduction. Inadvertent operatclerical errors result too much production, too little production, wrong production, incorrect inventory, missing inventory. page intentionally left blank. — 91 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Annex C (informative) — Discussimodels noted introductistandard, long goal industrial systems engineer integrate operating units plant able produce thplant’s products minimum uncost maximum overprofcompinvolved. Early work field wbased plant design techniques that: a) closely coupled productiunits, b) minimized in-process inventories work progress, c) made maximum use in-plant energy sources supply plant energy needs. While excellent initial concept, techniques floundered because lack : a) uncoordination, b) dynamic response, c) market sensitivity. Lack uncoordinatiexemplified presence unpredictable plant interruptions breakdowns plant productiprocesses thoccur randomly time location, thus wreaking havoc productivity close-coupled, low-inventory plant. Unforeseen changes customer requirements, often making obsolete inflexible manufacturing system, characterize lack dynamic response. lack market sensitivity exhibited through limited flexibility responding changes competition, producticost items (energy raw materials), regulatory requirements, which cinvalidate initial optimizaticriteria plant’s design. recently, trend systems integratitoward use automatic control its broadest sense (including dynamic control, scheduling closure informatiloops) integrate aspects plant’s operations including closing informatiloops withplant. latter trend then allowed plant compensate unforeseen interruptions breakdowns its productiprocesses allowed modify its product mix its productirate its customer’s needs desires changed. dwhile continually minimizing overproducticosts match current plant condition. Thus substituticontrol management techniques initial design procedures attempt counteract forces thinvalidated original concept, therefore still accomplish original goals. long which tasks system had able carry out accomplish goals. Only since advent advanced computer technology possible handle enormous computational load involved carrying out functions real time thus hoping compensate factors affecting plant productivity economic return. Current technology providing technical capability greatly facilitate development integrated automated systems. trends include: (1) distributed, digital, microcomputer-based, first-level dynamic control systems; (2) standard real-time programming languages configurable programming systems; (3) standard high-speed communications; (4) corresponding majdevelopments database management techniques. resulted computer systems thare able integrate plant management, plant productischeduling, inventory management, individual process optimization, unprocess control plant’s operating units treated whole. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 92 — However, accomplish design development large-scale systems, aid overdesign operational standards accompanying models systems vitally necessary, pointed out introductistandard. Requirements Models necessary model able sclearly majoperational characteristics relationships functions involved plant management control system. include following, among others: 1) Subordinatiaggregation: Which functions (a) dependent upothers directi(instructions) carrying out assigned tasks; which them (b) majfunctisupplying informatinecessary functions help carry out other’s assigned tasks? Prime examples subordinatiItem 1(a) those of: a) Customer Processing b) OverProductiScheduling c) Detailed ProductiScheduling d) ProductiPlanning e) Process Control ProductiUnprime example aggregatiItem 1(b) continued collection, averaging smoothing process control operational data achieve informatithmanagement needs overoperational management plant company. 2) Connectivity progression: does data flow plant productisystem? does item data originate; through whintermediate functions does flow; does resulting informatiits ultimate use? 3) Automatability innovation: Cfunctibe automated mechanized through electronic devices; this, cfunctibe mathematically described? Or, does functirequire innovatihumits ultimate successful completion? 4) Genericity: extent possible, model developed explascheduling control system necessary enterprise integratistudies should generic--this, should able used model control system factory plant, industry, anywhere, possible. models presented generic extent possible. 5) Semantics: extremely important thsemantics meaning various terms used describing concepts model(s) used interpreted readers exactly same way. powerful way accomplish use object model accomplish required concept definition. Clause 7.0 standard presents capability. popular effective way illustrating Item 1(a) above model through use hierarchical layered model, items Item 1(a) being subordinate, below thabove list, model. same time, aggregatiItem 1(b) occurs naturally, going upward same layered fashion. — 93 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Unfortunately, possible date srequired capabilities listed above graphical representatisystem. Particularly difficult representatisubordinatiaggregati(hierarchical layers) connectivity progressi(data flow) together. Thus, separate representations necessary coordinatiresulting forms difficult. Annex D presents majtable (Table D-XII) thpoints out coordinate both models PRM. procedure appears necessary whenever system modeled widely different aspects views occurs here. concepts automatability versus innovati(this, huminrequired) handled PRM concept external entities. External entities those functions thare included automated scheduling control system, which complete data transfer interface provided. Thus, enterprise functions threquire humincanpart model since functions involved canmodeled. However, ctake part plant integratisince needed communications established. Figure C-1 illustrates concept PRM. Those functions above dashed line diagram require huminvolvement. Hence, considered external, contributing, entities PRM. Functions below dashed line part management control system thcbe automated. parts Purdue Reference Model CIM thare concerned scope standard presented annex D. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 94 — Figure C-1 — Scope Purdue Reference Model (PRM) manufacturing SHOP FLOPRODUCTICONTROL MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PROCUREMENT WASTE MATERIAL TREATMENT SHIPPING PROCESS SUPPORT ENGINEERING PRODUCTICONTROL (QUALTY, COST, DELIVERY) RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & ENGINEERING MARKETING SALES CORPORATE MANAGEMENT FINANCE PRODUCTICOMMANDS PURCHASE B ILL MATERIALS MATERIALS RESOURCES PROCURED RESOURCES ENGINEERING INFORMATIPRODUCTS WASTE SHIP PRODUCT INFORMATIMAINTENANCE REQUEST SHIP STATUS PRODUCTISTATUS PRODUCTISTATUS FINANCE POLICY SALES FORECAST R&D POLICY MARKETING POLICY PRODUCTIPOLICY BUDGET PRODUCT AVAILABILITY TECHNICAL INFORMATIR&D REQUIREMENTS PRODUCT DESIGN REQ. EXTERNAL ENTITIES PRODUCTIFACTORY SYSTEM Shaded area scope PRM manufacturing — 95 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Annex D (informative) — Selected elements Purdue Reference Model annex contains selected portions complete published versiPurdue Reference Model,9 thereproviding brief descriptiPRM. annex included so thmodels standard better understood context complete plant reference model. non-pertinent clauses tables removed. References original document replaced footnotes. figures tables consecutively numbered. Figure D-4 modified sa different splproductischeduling & management informatisystems control computaticontrol enforcement thoriginal publication. splshown levels 3 4, based planned changes Purdue model result SP95 analysis, rather thlevels 2 3 original. Generic List Macro-Functions overapplicability concepts enterprise integratidepends greextent development generic tasks, functions macro functions describe enterprise integratisystem indeed enterprise. Purdue Reference Model CIM developed lists, based Scheduling Control Hierarchy View anbased Data Flow Diagram View Reference Model. then proceeded scorrelatiapparently widely different lists cross-referencing task titles used point applicatiview. sake completeness, thmaterial reproduced here, along considerable related material architecture. most important graphical representations Scheduling Control Hierarchy View Reference Model mentioned above. hierarchy view shown Figure D-1 categorizes tasks carried out industrial control system complete plant company. Figure D-2 shows thsame diagram modifications only names functions involved characterize control tasks either continuous discrete manufacturing industry plant. Figure D-3 expands earlier diagrams cover compmultiple plants. ______ 9 Williams, T.J., ed., Reference Model Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM), DescriptiViewpoint Industrial Automation, Minutes, CIM Reference Model Committee, International Purdue Workshop Industrial Computer Systems, Purdue University, West Lafayette, (1988) ISA, Research Triangle Park, NC (1989). While out print ISA, complete document available under: pera.net/Pera/PeraReferenceModel/ReferenceModel.html. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 96 — Figure D-1 — Assumed hierarchical computer control structure large manufacturing complex (computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]) (LEVEL 4) MANAGEMENT DATA PRESENTATIOPERATIONAL PRODUCTISUPERVISIPLANT MANAGEMENT INFORMATIPLANT PRODUCTISCHEDULING OPERATIONAL MANGEMENT SALES ORDERS COMMUNICATIONS ARESUPERVISOR’S CONSOLE INTRA-AREA COORDINATI(SHOP COORDINATOR) COMMUNICATIONS SUPERVISORY SYSTEMS SUPERVISOR’S CONSOLE WORK CELL (DIRECT NUMERICAL CONTROL) COMMUNICATIONS CONTROL SYSTEMS OPERATOR’S CONSOLE WORK STATI(COMPUTERIZED NUMERICAL CONTROL) (LEVEL 3) (LEVEL 2) (LEVEL 1) (LEVEL 0) DEDICATED PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLERS PROCESS PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL SPATIAL TRANSFORMATIONS SCHEDULING CONTROL HIERARCHY LEVEL 4A LEVEL 4B — 97 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-2 — Assumed hierarchical computer control system structure industrial plant (continuous process petrochemicals) (LEVEL 4) MANAGEMENT DATA PRESENTATIOPERATIONAL PRODUCTISUPERVISIPLANT MANAGEMENT INFORMATIPLANT PRODUCTISCHEDULING OPERATIONAL MANGEMENT SALES ORDERS COMMUNICATIONS ARESUPERVISOR’S CONSOLE INTRA-AREA COORDINATICOMMUNICATIONS SUPERVISORY SYSTEMS SUPERVISOR’S CONSOLE SUPERVISORY CONTROL COMMUNICATIONS CONTROL SYSTEMS OPERATOR’S CONSOLE DIRECT DIGITAL CONTROL (LEVEL 3) (LEVEL 2) (LEVEL 0) SPECIALIZED DEDICATED DIGITAL CONTROLLERS PROCESS PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL SPATIAL TRANSFORMATIONS SCHEDULING CONTROL HIERARCHY LEVEL 4A LEVEL 4B (LEVEL 1) ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 98 — Figure D-3 — Assumed hierarchical computer control structure industrial comp(multi-plant) slevel 5 its relationship revised level 4 Form Generic Tasks Plant-Wide Hierarchy Overautomatic control large modern industrial plant, regardless industry concerned, involves requirements listed Table D-I. Thus automatiindustrial plant becomes managing plant’s informatisystems assure thnecessary informaticollected used wherever cenhance plant’s operations -- informatisystems technology its broadest sense. Anmajfactshould called our attentihere. repeatedly shown thmajbenefits use digital computer control systems automatiindustrial plants role control systems enforcer. mode, control computer’s matasks continually assure thcontrol system equipment actually carrying out job thwdesigned do keeping units plant productisystem operating best (near optimal) level. This, sure thcontinuous process plant, instance, controllers manual, thoptimal points being maintained, etc. Likewise, task dynamic control assure thplant’s productischedule carried out, i.e., enforce task productischeduling function. (LEVEL 5) COMPMANAGEMENT DATA PRESENTATICOMPPRODUCTIASSIGNMENT SCHEDULING SUPERVISICOMPMANAGEMENT INFORMATICOMPPRODUCTISCHEDULING ASSIGNMENT SALES ORDERS COMMUNICATIONS PLANTS OPERATIONAL PRODUCTISUPERVISIPLANT PRODUCTISCHEDULING OPERATIONAL MANGEMENT COMMUNICATIONS ARESUPERVISOR’S CONSOLE INTRA-AREA COORDINATICOMMUNICATIONS SUPERVISORY SYSTEMS (LEVEL 4) (LEVEL 3 LEVEL 5A LEVEL 5B — 99 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Often tasks carried out control systems ones tha skilled attentive operatcould readily done. difference degree attentiveness task hthcbe achieved over long run. stated earlier, factored indesign operaticontrol system thoperate plant, including requirements maximum productivity minimum raw material energy usage. overrequirements, both energy productivity based, become complex, sophisticated capable control systems necessary. While above tasking list truly generic manufacturing plant -- continuous discrete -- necessary rearrange come up compact tasks further discussion. Therefore, whneeded oversystem manufacturing plant which capabilities shown Table D-II. view Item 2 Table D-II, Table D-III presents observations differences process improvement technologies (i.e., near optimization) continuous versus discrete optimization. Because ever-widening scope authority three requirements turn, effectively become distinct separate levels superimposed control structure, top other. view amount informatiwhich passed back forth among above four "tasks" control, distributed computational capability organized hierarchical fashiwould seem logical structure required control system. plant regardless industry involved. just noted, hierarchical arrangement elements distributed, computer-based control system seems ideal arrangement carrying out automatiindustrial plant just described. Figures D-1, D-2 D-3 lay out possible form distributed, hierarchical computer control system overplant automation. context large industrial plants complete industrial compbased location, detailed tasks thwould carried out level hierarchy cbe readily described. tasks easily subdivided inthose related productischeduling, control enforcement, systems coordinatireporting, reliability assurance (Table D-IV). ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 100 — Table D-I — Duties (functional requirements) integrated informatiautomatisystems, generic list 1 extensive system automatic monitoring large number different plant variables operating over wide range process operations process dynamic behavior. monitoring detect compensate current impending plant emergencies productiproblems. 2 development large number quite complex, usually nonlinear, relationships translatiabove plant variable values incontrol correcticommands. 3 transmissicontrol correcticommands anlarge widely scattered actuatimechanisms various types. 4 Improvement aspects manufacturing operations plant guiding them toward likely optima appropriate economic operational criteria. Results applied control correcticommands Item 2 above and/plant scheduling functions Item 8 below. 5 Reconfiguratiplant productisystem and/control system necessary possible assure applicable productiand/control system manufacturing situatihand. 6 Keeping plant personnel, both operating management, aware current status plant its processes products including suggestions alternate actions necessary. 7 Reductiplant operational productidata product quality data form historical database reference Plant Engineering, staff functions Marketing. 8 Adjusting plant’s productischedule product mix match its customers’ needs, expressed stream being continually received, while maintaining high plant productivity lowest practical producticosts. functiprovide appropriate plant preventive corrective maintenance functions. 9 Determinatiprovisiappropriate inventory use levels raw materials, energy, spares, goods process products maintadesired productieconomics plant. 10 Assuring overavailability control system carrying out its assigned tasks through appropriate combinatifault detectifault tolerance, redundancy, fail-safe techniques. 11 Maintaining interfaces external entities which interact plant productisystem Corporate Management; Marketing; Accounting; Corporate Research, Development Engineering; External Transportation; Suppliers Vendors; Purchasing; Customers; Contractors. — 101 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-II — overplant automatisystem provide Table D-III — notes regarding optimizati(improvement) manufacturing efficency Table D-IV — Summary duties control computer systems I. ProductiScheduling II. Control Enforcement III. Plant CoordinatiOperational Data Reporting IV. System Reliability Availability Assurance Item I above list (ProductiScheduling) corresponds Item 3 list Table D-II. Item II above list corresponds much Items 1 2 list Table D-II. Items III IV above list require cooperative operatiitems list Table D-II. Plant Coordinatipart comprises detailed interpretatiexpansioverProductiSchedule Item 3 Table D-II. 1 effective dynamic control operating unplant assure thoperating its maximum efficiency producticapability, product quality and/energy materials utilizatibased upproductilevel scheduling supervisory functions listed below. thus becomes Control Enforcement component system. control reacts directly compensate emergencies which occur its own unit. 2 supervisory coordinating system which determines sets local productilevel units working together inventory locations continually improve (i.e., optimize) operation. system assures thno unexceeding general area level productithus using excess raw materials energy. system responds existence emergencies upsets units under its control cooperatithose units’ dynamic control systems shut down systematically reduce outrelated units necessary compensate emergency. addition, system responsible efficient reductiplant operational data dynamic control units, described just above, assure its availability use plant entity requiring access its use historical database plant. 3 overproducticontrol system capable carrying out scheduling functions plant customer orders management decisions so produce required products orders best (near optimum) combinaticustomer service use time, energy, inventory, manpower raw materials suitably expressed cost functions. 4 method assuring overreliability availability total control system through fault detection, fault tolerance, redundancy, uninterruptible power supplies, maintenance planning, applicable techniques built insystem’s specificatioperation. discrete manufacturing optimizati(improvement) generally carried out scheduling. continuous manufacturing optimizati(improvement) generally carried out both control scheduling. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 102 — our contentithlists coutline tasks thcarried out industrial plant, particularly upper levels hierarchy. Details operations actually carried out vary drastically, particularly lowest levels, because nature actual process being controlled. recognize tha distillaticolumn never look like respond like automobile productiline. operations themselves remasame concept, particularly upper levels hierarchy. Thus our further contentithdespite different nomenclature different industries majdifferences control systems involved concentrated details dynamic control technologies used Level 1 details mathematical models used optimizatiLevel 2. differences thus concentrated details control operatiindividual productiunits (applicatientities) factory. Commonality support functional entities (computational services, communications, database technology, management structure, etc.). Sensing communicatitechniques exactly same both systems. same optimizatialgorithms cbe used. Computer systems technology programming techniques should same productischeduling technology should identical name only few. Thus duties hierarchical computer system cbe established outlined Table D-IV figure D-4. Therefore Levels 1 2 concentrate performing Task II Table D-IV, Levels 3 4 carry out Task I involved assuring implementatiTask III integrity Task IV, overreliability availability. Possibilities majreducticosts, development manpower effort, time required produce integrated industrial control system then devolves upfactors listed Table D-V. — 103 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-4 — Definitireal tasks hierarchical computer control system (modified ISA-95.00.01-2000) (LEVEL 4) MANAGEMENT DATA PRESENTATIOPERATIONAL PRODUCTISUPERVISIPLANT MANAGEMENT INFORMATIPLANT PRODUCTISCHEDULING OPERATIONAL MANGEMENT SALES ORDERS COMMUNICATIONS ARESUPERVISOR’S CONSOLE INTRA-AREA COORDINATICOMMUNICATIONS SUPERVISORY SYSTEMS SUPERVISOR’S CONSOLE SUPERVISORY CONTROL COMMUNICATIONS CONTROL SYSTEMS OPERATOR’S CONSOLE DIRECT DIGITAL CONTROL (LEVEL 3) (LEVEL 2) (LEVEL 0) SPECIALIZED DEDICATED DIGITAL CONTROLLERS PROCESS PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL SPATIAL TRANSFORMATIONS CONTROL COMPUTITION, CONTROL ENFORCEMENT LEVEL 4A LEVEL 4B PRODUCTISCHEDULING MANAGEMENT INFORMATI(LEVEL 1) ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 104 — Table D-V — Potential factors facilitating integrated control system development use 1. Potential commonality control system structure terms the: A. Computer systems B. Communications systems C. Database organizatiD. Relationship plant management operational structure (personnel) 2. Commonality techniques applicatiof: A. Software engineering programming B. Communications C. Database management D. Control systems engineering E. Productischeduling F. Operations research optimizatiTable D-VI — Required tasks intracompmanagement informatisystem (level 4B figure D-1 2 Level 5 Figure D-3) III. System CoordinatiReporting 1. Maintainterfaces with: A) Plant compmanagement B) Sales shipping personnel C) Accounting, personnel purchasing departments D) Productischeduling level (Level 4A) 2. Supply productistatus informatineeded to: A) Plant compmanagement B) Sales shipping personnel C) Accounting, personnel purchasing departments D) informatisupplied form of: 1) Regular productistatus reports 2) On-line inquiries 3. Supply status informatineeded sales personnel IV. Reliability Assurance 4. Perform self-check diagnostic checks itself Note: 1. no productischeduling control actions required level. level solely use upper management staff level interface. 2. Romnumeral subdivisions Tables D-VI D-X correspond same headings Table D-IV. — 105 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-VII — Duties productischeduling operational management level (levels 4A 5A) I. ProductiScheduling 1. Establish basic productischedule. 2. Modify productischeduling units per stream received, energy constraints, power demlevels, maintenance requirements. 3. coordinatirequired productischedule develop optimum preventive maintenance productiunrenovatischedule. 4. Determine optimum inventory levels raw materials, energy sources, spare parts, etc., goods process storage point. criteria used trade-off customer service (i.e., short delitime) versus capital cost inventory itself, trade-offs operating costs versus costs carrying inventory level. functiinclude necessary material requirements planning (MRP) spare parts procurement satisfy productischedule planned. (off-line function.) 5. Modify productischedule necessary whenever majproductiinterruptions occur downstream units, interruptions affect prisucceeding units. III. Plant CoordinatiOperational Data Reporting 6. Collect maintaraw material spare parts use available inventory provide data purchasing raw material spare parts entry transfer accounting. 7. Collect maintaoverenergy use available inventory provide data purchasing energy source entry transfer accounting. 8. Collect maintaovergoods process productiinventory files. 9. Collect maintaquality control file. 10. Collect maintamachinery equipment use life history files necessary preventive predictive maintenance planning. 11. Collect maintamanpower use data transmittal personnel accounting departments. 12. Maintainterfaces management interface level functiarea level systems. IV. Reliability Assurance 13. Run self-check diagnostic routines self lower level machines. Note: no control functions required level. level productischeduling overplant data functions. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 106 — Table D-VIII — Duties area level (level 3) I. ProductiScheduling 1. Establish immediate productischedule its own area including maintenance, transportatiproduction-related needs. 2. Locally optimize costs its individual productiarea while carrying out productischedule established producticontrol computer system (Level 4A) (i.e., minimize energy usage maximize productiexample). 3. Along Level 4A modify productischedules compensate plant productiinterruptions which occur its area responsibility. III. System CoordinatiOperational Data Reporting 4. Make area productireports including variable manufacturing costs. 5. Use maintaarea practice files. 6. Collect maintaarea data queues production, inventory, manpower, raw materials, spare parts energy usage. 7. Maintacommunications higher lower levels hierarchy. 8. Operations data collectioff-line analysrequired engineering functions including statistical quality analyscontrol functions. 9. Service man/machine interface area. 10. Carry out needed personnel functions as: A) Work period statistics (time, task, etc.) B) Vacatischedule C) Work force schedules D) Uniline progressiE) In-house training personnel qualificatiIV. Reliability Assurance 11. Diagnostics self lower-level functions Note: No control actions required here. level handles detailed productischeduling area coordinatimajplant subdivisions. Table D-IX — Duties supervisory level (level 2) II. Control Enforcement 1. Respond emergency conditiwhich exist its regiplant cognizance. 2. Optimize operatiunits under its control withlimits established productischedule. Carry out established process operational schemes operating practices connectiprocesses. III. System CoordinatiOperational Data Reporting 3. Collect maintadata queues production, inventory, raw material, spare parts energy usage units under its control. 4. Maintacommunications higher lower levels. 5. Service man/machine interfaces units involved. IV. Reliability Assurance 6. Perform diagnostics itself lower level machines. 7. Update standsystems. Note: level those below carry out necessary control optimizatifunctions individual productiunits enforce productischedule Levels 4A 3. — 107 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-X — Duties control level (level 1) II. Control Enforcement 1. Maintadirect control plant units under its cognizance. 2. Detect respond emergency conditiwhich exist plant units. III. System CoordinatiReporting 3. Collect informatiunproduction, raw material energy use transmhigher levels. 4. Service operator’s man/machine interface. IV. Reliability Assurance 5. Perform diagnostics itself. 6. Update standsystems. Notes: repeatedly shown thmajbenefits use digital computer control systems automatiindustrial plants role Control Systems Enforcer. mode, control computer’s matasks continually assure thcontrol system equipment actually carrying out job thwdesigned do keeping units plant productisystem operating best (near optimal) level. This, sure thcontinuous process plant, instance, controllers manual, thoptimal points being maintained, etc. Likewise, task dynamic control assure thplant’s productischedule carried out, i.e., enforce task productischeduling function. Purdue Reference Model definitino Informational Transformations Level 0. Sensors determine state physical equipment material being transformed therein. operations resulting data informational. Sensoutputs considered part Level 1. Actuators considered part Level 0 - commands them considered Level 1. Tasks Level Hierarchy context large industrial plant, complete industrial compbased location, tasks thwould carried out level hierarchy described Tables D-VI D-X. Note thtasks subdivided withtable inthose related productischeduling, control enforcement, systems coordinatireporting, reliability assurance (Table D-IV). wmentioned above, tables outline tasks which carried out industrial plant, particularly upper levels hierarchy. Figures D-5 D-10 sapplicatiScheduling Hierarchy View variety industries showing thcomputer control system discussed pyramidal hierarchical. Figure D-10 entirely different appearing diagram originally developed Cincinnati-MilacrCompany. However current CIM hierarchy levels imposed cbe readily seen thdiagram converts directly others. Figures D-5 D-10 bring out important aspect model relatithose proposed developers, this, inventories associated material handling equipment relatimanufacturing processes themselves treated just like process. Thus considered process control inputs outputs dynamic behavicbe modeled mathematically develop appropriate overcontrol system functions served inventory its associated material handling equipment. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 108 — Data-Flow Graph, Functional Network View CIM Reference Model need Reference Architecture mechanism sinterconnectiprecedence several tasks assigned overmill-wide control system which shown Scheduling Control Hierarchy view. excellent method showing so-called Data-Flow Graph Information-Flow Graph using technique Structured Analysis,10 Yourdon-DeMarco technique. clause develop representatiderived CIM Reference Model. baswork Data-Flow Model entitled, InformatiFlow Model Generic ProductiFacility, contributed Purdue Reference Model CIM project Foxboro CompAugust 1986.11 original document considerably modified Workshop CIM Committee match nomenclature, etc., parts model’s documentation. noted above, method diagrams interconnectiseveral tasks carried out control system allows potential ever greater detailing tasks form sub-tasks resulting interconnections sub-tasks matasks. diagrams restricted model defined Purdue Reference Model CIM (i.e., definable scheduling control system manufacturing facility including only interfaces external influences), i.e., Integrated InformatiManagement Control System Figure D-11 InformatiSystems Architecture text. diagrams begins interconnectiinfluencing external entities factory itself (Figure D-12). present model important external influence factory compmanagement itself. noted Figure D-13 management interfaces through staff departments provide services factory itself express management’s policies sets requirements fulfilled factory. immediately noticed reader thlists tasks functions developing look entirely different though complete listing withitself. because different models InformatiArchitecture sdifferent ones task functirelationships. Scheduling Control Hierarchy shows subordination, precedence, time horizspcontrol, while Data Flow Diagram shows connectivity precedence. Thus since no layering Data Flow diagram (subordination) no connectivity Scheduling Control hierarchy, views tasks functions greatly different. results different definititask mcases particularly because difference spconcern. Therefore descriptilabels (are) different models. Table D-XI presents functions tasks listed diagrams Figures D-16 D-28. Table D-XII makes comparistasks listed Tables D-VI D-X versus those Figures D-16 D-28 discussed just above. ______ 10 DeMarco, T., Structured AnalysSystem Specification, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River , NJ (1978) 11 Pampel, Albert., InformatiFlow Model Generic ProductiFacility, Foxboro Company, Foxboro, MA (1986) — 109 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-5 — Hierarchy arrangement steel plant control srelationship hierarchy plant structure Figure D-6 — Hierarchy arrangement steel plant control system studied energy optimizatiOVERAREA 1 AREA 2 AREA 3 (4A,B) (3) (MELTING) (HOT ROLLING) (COLD WORKING) IRMAKING STEEL MAKING SLABS HOT BANDS PROCESS INVENTORY PROCESS INVENTORY COLD BANDS FINISHING REHEFURNACE ROUGHING FINISHING DOWN COILERS INVENTORY STCONTROL (2) (1) NORMAL COMMUNICATIPATH "NEEDED" COMMUNICATIPATH OVERAREA 1 (MELTING) AREA 2 (HOT ROLLING) AREA 3 (COLD ROLLING) AREA 4 (ENERGY MANAGEMENT) HOT BANDS COLD FINISHING BANDS GASEOUS LIQUID FUEL COLLECTIDISTRIBUTISYSTEM STEAM ELECTRIC PLANT STEAM DISTRIBUTIELECTRIC POWER DISTRIBUTISYSTEM COKE OVENS SINTER PLANT IRMAKING CONTINUOUS CASTING SLABS (INGOT PROCESSING) STEEL MAKING LEVEL 4 LEVEL 3 LEVEL 2 ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 110 — Figure D-7 — Hierarchy arrangement paper mill control srelationship hierarchy plant structure Figure D-8 — hierarchy control scheme applied petrochemical plant OVERAREA 1 AREA 2 AREA 3 (PULP MILL) (PAPER MILL) (ENERGY RECOENVIRONMEMT) WOODYARD PULPING BLEACHING STOCK PREPARATIPAPER MACHINE PROCESS INVENTORY PROCESS INVENTORY EVAPORATORS RECOBOILERS LIME KILN CAUSTICIZING NORMAL COMMUNICATIPATH "NEEDED" COMMUNICATIPATH WASTE TREATMENT ROLL HANDLING FINISHING HEAD BOX DRYING REELING ROLL HANDLING SLICE CONTROL OVERAREA 1 AREA 2 AREA 3 (4A,B) (3 ) PRIMARY RAW MATERIAL HANDLING PREPARATIINTERMEDIATES POLYMERIZATIPREPARATIFINAL PRODUCTS PROCESS INVENTORY PROCESS INVENTORY (2 ) (1 ) CRUDE DISTILLATICRACKING SEPARATIREACTISEPARATIDISTILLATIABSORPTIEXTRACTIDRYING INDIVIDUAL COLUMN CONTROL REACTISEPARATIFINISHING ( ( ( ( ( ( NORMAL COMMUNICATIPATH "NEEDED" COMMUNICATIPATH LEVELS — 111 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-9 — hierarchy control scheme applied pharmaceuticals plant Figure D-10 — Computer integrated manufacturing system (CIMS) (Cincinnati-Milicrproposal) SHOP COORDINATCENTRAL DATA BASE PROCESS PLANNING SYSTEM PRODUCTISCHEDULING CONTROL LEVEL 4 LEVEL 3 DNC MONITORING MAINTENANCE SHOP COMMUNICATIFUNCTIONAL SHOP CELLULAR MANUFACTURING COMPUTER CONTROLLED MACHINING SYSTEM (CCMS) COMPUTER CONTROLLED ASSEMBLY LEVEL 1 { SYSTEM LEVEL 2 MANUFACTURING SERVICES STORAGE RETRIEVAL WORK PREPARATIMATERIAL HANDLING ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 112 — Table D-XI — Informatiflow model generic productifacility mini-specs (definitifunctions) ENTITY DIVISIONS 0. FACILITY MODEL CONTEXT - Figure D-16 External Entities Marketing Sales Corporate R. D. & E. Supplier VendCustomer Transport CompAccounting Purchasing 1. PROCESSING - Bubble 1 Figure D-16 Figure D-17 Customer handling, acceptance confirmatiSales forecasting Waiver reservatihandling Gross margreporting Determine productiorders 2. PRODUCTISCHEDULING - Bubble 2 Figure D-18 Determine productischedule Identify long term raw material requirements Determine packout schedule end products Determine available product sales 3. PRODUCTICONTROL - Bubble 3 Figure D-19 Control transformatiraw materials inend product accordance productischedule productistandards Maintenance processing equipment Plant engineering updating process plans, etc. Issue requirements raw materials Produce reports performance costs Evaluate constraints capacity quality Self diagnostics producticontrol equipment 4. MATERIALS ENERGY CONTROL - Bubble 4 Figure D-23 Keep stock raw materials Reraw materials according productiRequirements Accept deliraw materials, request QA tests release utilizatiapproval Reporting RM energy utilizatiReporting RM inventory producti5. PROCUREMENT - Bubble 5 Figure D-24 Place orders suppliers RM supplies, spare parts, tools, equipment required materials Monitprogress purchases report requisitioners Release incoming invoices payment arrival approval goods 6. QUALITY ASSURANCE - Bubble 6 Figure D-25 Testing classificatiincoming material end products standard productiQA accordance market technology requirements Assist productiexceptional effective QA tests 7. PRODUCT INVENTORY - Bubble 7 Figure D-26 Keep stock produced end products Make reservatispecific product list accordance product selling directives Pack-out end product accordance schedule Report inventory productischeduling Report balance losses product cost accounting Arrange physical loading/shipment goods coordinatiproduct shipping administrati8. COST ACCOUNTING - Bubble 8 Figure D-27 Calculate report total product cost Report cost results productiadjustment cost objectives producti9. PRODUCT SHIPPING ADMINISTRATI- Bubble 9 Figure D-28 Organize transport product shipment accordance accepted orders requirements Negotiate place orders transport companies Accept freight items site release material shipment Prepare accompanying documents shipment (BOL, customs clearance) Confirm shipment release invoicing general accounting Report shipping costs product cost accounting (10.0 MAINTENANCE (Defined ENTITY ISA-95.00.01-2000 model) — 113 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-XI (continued) SECOND-ENTITY SUBDIVISIONS 1.1 PRODUCTIFORECASTING (LONG RANGE) - Bubble 1.1, Figure D-17 orders expected withnext period time predicted predictibased sales history functimarket expectatiForecasting makes use traditional statistical techniques (smoothing, seasonal indices, etc.) forecasting period confidence market expectations Market expectations influenced outside factors, e.g., economical political situation, inside factors, e.g., long term contracts, productiproblems 1.2 HISTORI- Bubble 1.2 , Figure D-17 Create update sales history file clarificatiproduct, customer, shipping method 1.3 ENTRY - Bubble 1.3, Figure D-17 Mainterface customer inquiries orders Supply product price availability Handle entry amendments Give confirmatiprogress entered orders 1.4 PRODUCTI- Bubble 1.4, Figure D-17 Based active forecasted orders determine required producti1.5 ACCEPTANCE - Bubble 1.5, Figure D-17 Handle acceptance delientered orders Acceptance based ability manufacture availability product customer credibility checked specific cases product specifications cbe waived accordance marketing policies ratify particular customer market need 2.1 PROCESS PRODUCTIORDERS - Bubble 2.1, Figure D-18 Produce detailed productirequirements sales productiorders Highlight specificatirequirements non-standard requests Produce productientry scheduling file append shipment requirements 2.2 BALANCE PROCESS PRODUCTIINVENTORY - Bubble 2.2, Figure D-18 Identify ordered quantities against produced products initiate packout specific shipments Identify availability on-hproduct Highlight variance productischedule Maintacapacity estimates productifacility terms products 2.3 PRODUCTIFORECASTING (SHORT TERM) - Bubble 2.3, Figure D-18 existing productiorders capacity, produce specific schedule entries productirates specifications long term raw material rates meet productischedule Produce long term forecast report 2.4 PRODUCTISCHEDULING - Bubble 2.4, Figure D-18 Produce formal productischedule Modify productischedule account productivariances interruptions Modify productischedule account inventory shipments 3.1 PROCESS SUPPORT ENGINEERING - Bubble 3.1, Figure D-19; Figure D-20 Issue request modificatimaintenance Coordinate maintenance engineering activities Provide technical standards methods maintenance functiFollow-up equipment process performance Provide technical support operators Follow-up technological developments Provide specifications purchase requests 3.2 MAINTENANCE - Bubble 3.2, Figure D-19; Figure D-21 (10.0 ISA-95.00.01-2000 Model) Provide maintenance existing installations Provide preventative maintenance program Provide equipment monitoring program anticipate Failure including self-check diagnostic programs Place purchase request materials spare parts Develop maintenance cost reports Coordinate outside contract work effort 3.3 OPERATIONS CONTROL - Bubble 3.3, Figure D-19; Figure D-22 Supervise operations productiprocess Keep track report producticosts performance Interpret productiplterms setpoints individual units Diagnostics self-check producticontrol equipment ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 114 — Table D-XI (continued) 3.4 OPERATIONS PLANNING - Bubble 3.4, Figure D-19 up daily productiplfunctiproductischedule Check schedule against raw material availability product storage capacity Determine percent capacity status Modify productiplhourly account equipment outage, manpower raw materials availability 4.1 MATERIAL ENERGY REQUIREMENT CONTROL - Bubble 4.1, Figure D-23 Determine supplier materials based short and/long term requirements planning manufacturing taking existing inventory inaccount up transfers materials energy manufacturing Issue purchase request material energy supplies Notify incoming material energy control expected incoming orders 4.2 OPTIMUM MATERIAL ENERGY INVENTORY LEVELS - Bubble 4.2, Figure D-23 Continuously calculate report inventory balance losses RM energy utilizati4.3 INCOMING RAW MATERIAL ENERGY CONTROL - Bubble 4.3, Figure D-23 Receive incoming material energy supplies request QA tests Transfer material energy storage and/classify use QA approval Notify purchasing accepted material energy supplies release payment 4.4 RAW MATERIAL ENERGY ROUTING - Bubble 4.4, Figure D-23 up monitmovement material energy storage Update inventory movements changes 4.5 RAW MATERIAL ENERGY INVENTORY REPORTING - Bubble 4.5, Figure D-23 Reporting inventory producti4.6 RAW MATERIAL ENERGY MOVEMENT CONTROL - Bubble 4.6, Figure D-23 Control monittransfer materials 4.7 DRAW MATERIALS ENERGY MEASUREMENT VALIDATI- Bubble 4.7, Figure D-23 See 3.3.4 5.1 PLACEMENT - Bubble 5.1, Figure D-24 preparatiraw materials, spare parts, etc., presentativendors based procurement contracts negotiated comppurchasing Updating vendlibrary purchasing files vendors performance orders 5.2 PROCESS REQUESTS - Bubble 5.2, Figure D-24 Collectiprocessing unrequests raw materials, spare parts, etc., placement vendors Checking requests those materials versus historical files budgets assure correctness requests 5.3 COST CONTROL - Bubble 5.3, Figure D-24 Certificatiinvoices raw materials spare parts based satisfactory receipt requested materials parts 6.1 STANDARDS METHODS - Bubble 6.1, Figure D-25 Issue standards manufacturing testing laboratories accordance requirements technology, marketing customer services 6.2 RAW MATERIALS EVALUATI- Bubble 6.2, Figure D-25 Testing incoming raw materials approval use accordance standards Collect maintaquality control file data quality control analys6.3 EVALUATIPRODUCT - Bubble 6.3, Figure D-25 final product report results classificatiCollect maintaquality control file data quality control analys6.4 CLASSIFICATICERTIFICATI- Bubble 6.4, Figure D-25 Classify quality properties end product accordance marketing standards Waiver classificatiexceptional basper request product selling Report QA results classificatifinished product inventory control Certify thproduct wproduced according standard process conditions Report process data certificatifinished product inventory control 6.5 QA MEASUREMENT VALIDATI- Bubble 6.5, Figure D-25 Checking product data versus customer’s requirements statistical quality control routines assure adequate quality before shipment Maintenance quality statistics item checked continuing quality control studies. 6.6 LABORATORY AUTOMATIC ANALYS- Bubble 6.6, Figure D-25 Conduct metric, chemical physical tests sample product items obtadata on-going quality control tests Transmissidata analysfacilities quality control systems assure future quality product — 115 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-XI (continued) 6.7 ANALYZE PROCESS CAPABILITY - Bubble 6.7, Figure D-25 Use SQC methodology examine product data determine process capability meeting product specifications Relay process deviations process engineering reevaluatiupgrade process Relay methods deviatistandards methods group corrective acti7.1 INVENTORY SUPERVISI- Bubble 7.1, Figure D-26 Coordinate activities product inventory control up transfers material packing unaccordance packout schedule Request replenishment packing materials Handle reservations update inventory accordingly 7.2 LOSS CONTROL - Bubble 7.2, Figure D-26 Continuously calculate report inventory balance losses 7.3 INVENTORY REPORTING - Bubble 7.3, Figure D-26 Generate daily, weekly . reports actual amounts materials storage 7.4 PRODUCT SHIPPING - Bubble 7.4, Figure D-26 Set-up monittransfers products customer accordance requirements shipping administratiReport confirmatishipment release invoicing 7.5 PRODUCT ROUTING - Bubble 7.5, Figure D-26 Set-up monitroutes product transfer update inventory changes 7.6 PHYSICAL PRODUCT MOVEMENT CONTROL - Bubble 7.6, Figure D-26 See 4.6 7.7 INVENTORY MEASUREMENT VALIDATI- Bubble 7.7, Figure D-26 See 3.3.4 8.1 COSTS BALANCING BUDGET - Bubble 8.1, Figure D-27 Establishment criteria tests assure thoperational budget being followed Collectiraw material, labor, energy costs transmissiaccounting 8.2 RAW MATERIAL PARTS COSTS (ACCOUNTS PAYABLE) - Bubble 8.2, Figure D-27 Collecticost data raw materials spare parts inventory procured plant 8.3 PRODUCT INCOME (ACCOUNTS RECEIVED) - Bubble 8.3, Figure D-27 Collectidata product shipped inventory Release invoice data cost accounting standard cost 8.4 PRODUCTICOSTS - Bubble 8.4, Figure D-27 Collectidata costs productiplant - labor, energy, raw material usage, spare parts usage, etc. 9.1 SHIPMENT SCHEDULING - Bubble 9.1, Figure D-28 Classify accepted produce shipping schedule 9.2 SHIPPING COSTS - Bubble 9.2, Figure D-28 Calculate report cost shipping 9.3 SHIPMENT CONFIRMATI- Bubble 9.3, Figure D-28 Update shipping schedule indicate thshipping dconfiguratishipments 9.4 RELEASE INVOICING - Bubble 9.4, Figure D-28 Notify accounting shipment release invoice 9.5 RELEASE SHIPMENT - Bubble 9.5, Figure D-28 Send informatishipment product shipping 9.6 PREPARE SHIPPING DOCUMENTS - Bubble 9.6, Figure D-28 Issue bill lading, customer clearance, documents thare required shipment THIRD-ENTITY SUBDIVISIONS 3.1.1 PROJECT MANAGEMENT - Bubble 3.1.1, Figure D-20 Management engineering functiCoordinatiequipment process modificatiCost progress reporting Project planning Design follow-up corrective acti3.1.2 EQUIPMENT PROCESS DESIGN MODIFICATI- Bubble 3.1.2, Figure D-20 Establish design basproject Supply necessary informatiallow cost estimating Report Coordinate Specialists’ Assistance Provide Technical InformatiOperators ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 116 — Table D-XI (continued) 3.1.3 ENGINEERING SPECIALISTS - Bubble 3.1.3, Figure D-20 Provide support advice special area Follow-up state art technology Assess plant process equipment performance Adjust standards methods needs progress Monitinterpretatidesign basduring detailed engineering 3.1.4 STANDARDS METHODS - Bubble 3.1.4, Figure D-20 Establish standards process equipment, design techniques process operational methods (practice files) Promulgate standards withprocess support engineering functions withoperational groups factory 3.1.5 PROJECT COST CONTROL - Bubble 3.1.5, Figure D-20 Provide cost estimates planned projects Follow-up report costs projects executi3.1.6 PROCESS ANALYSPROJECT DETAILED ENGINEERING - Bubble 3.1.6, Figure D-20 Conduct plant performance studies Provide details constructiequipment process modificatiproject accordance design basIssue report ordering equipment Issue specifications vendReport engineering committed equipment costs 3.1.7 EQUIPMENT MODIFICATICONSTRUCTI- Bubble 3.1.7, Figure D-20 Provide constructiproject Report cost lab3.1.8 DRAFTING DOCUMENTATI- Bubble 3.1.8, Figure D-20 Maintamaster copies plant drawings units under its cognizance Responsible updating drawings associated documentatiunits modified Supply copies needed 3.2.1 MAINTENANCE PLANNING - Bubble 3.2.1, Figure D-21 Organizatisupervisirequested maintenance Reporting performed maintenance Coordinate planned work operators plant supervisiMonitupdate maintenance history file 3.2.2 MAINTENANCE COST CONTROL - Bubble 3.2.2, Figure D-21 Follow-up used spare parts, report maintenance labreport maintenance costs 3.2.3 SPARE PARTS - Bubble 3.2.3, Figure D-21 Supervise spare parts warehouse Supply necessary parts maintenance crews Report inventory planning reordering Report cost control used parts Accept control delivered parts vendors 3.2.4 MAINTENANCE CREW SUPERVISI- Bubble 3.2.4, Figure D-21 Perform requested maintenance work Supervise coordinate outside contractors Report technical activities files Report installatiequipment performance engineering 3.2.5 DOCUMENTATI- Bubble 3.2.5, Figure D-21 See Item 3.1.8 3.3.1 OPERATIONS SUPERVISI- Bubble 3.3.1, Figure D-22 objectives process operatiSupervise people operatiprocess equipment Deal directly resolutiexcepticonditions Issue modificatimaintenance requests report producticapacity limits Monitreport producticost performance 3.3.2 OPERATIONS COST CONTROL - Bubble 3.3.2, Figure D-22 Calculate total operating costs Maintashort term economic balances energy materials Capture maintenance engineering costs chargeable operations 3.3.3 PHYSICAL PROCESS CONTROL - Bubble 3.3.3, Figure D-22 Stabilize process variables defined operating setpoints Alarming operating variables exceptional conditions Maintaoperatiagainst constraints specifications Response operators process engineers requests Response emergencies — 117 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-XI (continued) 3.3.4 OPERATIONAL MEASUREMENT VALIDATI- Bubble 3.3.4, Figure D-22 Assess validity measurements further use withlimits confidence Tag measurement data quality time 3.3.5 EQUIPMENT MONITORING - Bubble 3.3.5, Figure D-22 Assess operating performance limits process equipment Alarming equipment status variables against constraints Indicate performance against expected equipment life cycles 3.3.6 PRODUCTIBALANCING OPTIMIZATI- Bubble 3.3.6, Figure D-22 Optimizatiproductiprocess objectives withequipment constraints Maintamaterial energy balance indicate exceptional conditions Perform performance tests necessary determine capacity Monitproduct quality against specifications standards Figure D-11 — Relationship several classes functional entities which comprise CIM reference model computer integrated manufacturing itself INTEGRATED INFORMATIMANAGEMENT AUTOMATISYSTEM (PRESENT CIM REFERENCE MODEL COMPRISES PART ONLY) EXTERNAL INFLUENCES MANUFACTURING MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT SCHEDULING CONTROL HIERARCHY STATUS HISTORY INFORMATIREQUIREMENTS SALES ORDERS PLANS FOUNDATIFUNCTIONAL ENTITIES MANUFACTURING SPECIFIC FUNCTIONAL ENTITIES PLANT PRODUCTIMEDIA ENTITIES LEVEL 0 SENSREADIINGS ACTUATICOMMANDS APPLICATIFUNCTIONAL ENTITIES MODEL PRESENTS NEEDED INTERFACES ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 118 — Figure D-12 — Majexternal influences used data flow model Figure D-13 — Requirements interfacing corporate management staff functional entities factory CORPORATE R, D & E MARKETING & SALES SERVICES (E.G. CONTRACTORS, TRANSPORTATION, JANITORIAL, COMPANIES, ETC.) SUPPLIERS VENDORS PURCHASING (E.G. SUPPLIERS, CONTRACTORS, ETC.) HUMRESOURCES MANAGEMENT CUSTOMER (ORDERS, REQUIREMENTS , ETC.) ACCOUNTING FACILITY (0 LEVEL) INFORMATIFLOW MODEL GENERAL PRODUCTIFACILITY Purchasing RD&E Marketing Sales HumResources Accounting Corporate Management FACTORY LEVEL 0.0 VendContracts KRequirements Man- Power Manufacturing Policies Requirements EXTERNAL ENTITIES Policies — 119 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-14 — Report interfacing corporate management staff functional entities factory Figure D-15 — Interface government regulations, etc., factory Purchasing RD&E Marketing Sales HumResources Accounting Corporate Management FACTORY LEVEL 0.0 Raw Material Energy, Spare Parts Orders EXTERNAL ENTITIES Corporate Performance Reporting Request Information, plant tests, projects Status productiorders Manpower performance data requirements* Cost reporting Operational Performance Reports * succeeding diagrams, personnel requirements pervasive cspecifically shown. collectively addressed REGULATIONS GOVERNMENTAL REQUIREMENTS (SAFETY REGULATIONS, ETC) CORPORATE RD&E FACTORY LEVEL 0.0 ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 120 — Figure D-16 — 0.0 facility model — 121 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-17 — 1.0 processing ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 122 — Figure D-18 — 2.0 productischeduling — 123 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-19 — 3.0 producticontrol ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 124 — Figure D-20 — 3.1 process support engineering — 125 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-21 — 3.2 maintenance * Sub-Functi3.2, Maintenance, defined separate majfuncti(10.0, Maintenance) ISA-95.00.01-2000 model. wsimplify representatiLevel 3-4 spldiscussiassociated figures. ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 126 — Figure D-22 — 3.3 operations control — 127 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-23 — 4.0 materials energy control ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 128 — Figure D-24 — 5.0 procurement — 129 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-25 — 6.0 quality assurance ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 130 — Figure D-26 — 7.0 product inventory — 131 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Figure D-27 — 8.0 cost accounting ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 132 — Figure D-28 — 9.0 product shipping administrati— 133 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-XII — Correlatiinformatiflow tasks tasks scheduling control hierarchy Data Flow Diagram Listing Scheduling Control Hierarchy Listing Figure No. LocatiTitle Table No. Entry Title Figure D-16 Task 1.0 Processing Table D-VI, D-VII Item I(2) ProductiScheduling Figure D-16 Task 2.0 ProductiScheduling Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VII Item I(1-3,5) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I(1,3) ProductiScheduling Same Figure D-16 Task 3.0 ProductiControl Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I(2) Table D-IX Item II Table D-X Item II Area OptimizatiControl Enforcement Same Figure D-16 Task 4.0 Raw Material Control Table D-VI, D-VII Item I(4) Item III (6,7) Optimum Inventory Levels Procurement Entry Figure D-16 Task 5.0 Procurement Table D-VI, D-VII Item III (6,7) Procurement Entry Figure D-16 Task 6.0 Quality Assurance Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III(9) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III(8) Quality Control File Statistical Quality AnalysControl Functions Figure D-16 Task 7.0 Product Inventory Control Table D-VI, D-VII Item I(4) Item III(8) Optimum Inventory Levels Goods Process Inventory Figure D-16 Task 8.0 Product Cost Accounting Table D-VI, D-VII Item III(6-8) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III(4,6) Table D-X Item III(3) Table D-X Item III(3) ProductiRaw Material, Energy Source Spare Parts Use Data Plus Inventory Data Same Same Same Figure D-16 Task 9.0 Product Shipping Adm. Table D-VI Item III(1B,2B) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III(8) Product Inventory ProductiStatus Data Same Figure D-17 Task 1.1 ProductiForecasting Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1) Basic ProductiScheduling Figure D-17 Task 1.2 HistoriTable D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1) Basic ProductiScheduling Figure D-17 Task 1.3 Entry Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1) Basic ProductiScheduling Figure D-17 Task 1.4 ProductiTable D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1) Basic ProductiScheduling Figure D-17 Task 1.5 Acceptance Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1) Sales CoordinatiANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 134 — Table D-XII (continued) Figures 18, 19, 20 Data Flow Diagram Listing Scheduling Control Hierarchy Listing Figure No. LocatiTitle Table No. Entry Title Figure D-18 Task 2.1 Process ProductiOrders Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1,2) ProductiScheduling Figure D-18 Task 2.2 Process ProductiOrders Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1,2) Inventory Management Figure D-18 Task 2.3 Process ProductiOrders Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (4) Basic ProductiScheduling Figure D-18 Task 2.4 Process ProductiOrders Table D-VI, D-VII Item I (1-3,5) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1,3) ProductiScheduling Same Figure D-19 Task 3.1 Process Support Engineering Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (8) Engineering Functions Figure D-19 Task 3.2 Maintenance Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (3) Item III (10) Table A7-VIII Item I(1) Maintenance Scheduling Maintenance Data Immediate ProductiSchedule Figure D-19 Task 3.3 Operations Control Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (2) Table D-IX Item II Table D-X Item II Area OptimizatiControl Enforcement Same Figure D-19 Task 3.4 OperatiPlanning Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1,3) ProductiScheduling Figure D-20 Task 3.1.1 Project Management Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (8) Engineering Functions Figure D-20 Task 3.1.2 Equipment Process Design ModificatiFigure D-20 Task 3.1.3 Engineering Specialists Figure D-20 Task 3.1.4 Standards Methods Figure D-20 Task 3.1.5 Project Cost Control Figure D-20 Task 3.1.6 Project Detailed Engineering Figure D-20 Task 3.1.7 Equipment ModificatiConstructiFigure D-20 Task 3.1.8 Drafting Documentati— 135 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-XII (continued) Figures 21,22 Data Flow Diagram Listing Scheduling Control Hierarchy Listing Figure No. LocatiTitle Table No. Entry Title Figure D-21 Task 3.2.1 Maintenance Planning Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (3) Item III (10) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (1) Maintenance Scheduling Maintenance Data Immediate ProductiSchedule Figure D-21 Task 3.2.2 Cost Control Table D-VI, D-VII Item III (10,11) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (6,10) Cost Reporting Same Figure D-21 Task 3.2.3 Spare Parts Table D-VI, D-VII Item I (4) Item III (6) Procurement Same Figure D-21 Task 3.2.4 Maintenance Crew Scheduling Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (10) Personnel Functions Figure D-21 Task 3.2.5 DocumentatiTable D-VI, D-VII Item III (10) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (6) Maintenance Data Same Figure D-22 Task 3.3.1 Operations SupervisiTable D-VI, D-VII Item I, III Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I, III Maintenance Data Same Figure D-22 Task 3.3.2 Operations Cost Control Table D-VI, D-VII Item III Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (4, 6-10) Maintenance Data Same Figure D-22 Task 3.3.3 Physical Process Control Table D-IX Item II Table D-X Item II Maintenance Data Same Figure D-22 Task 3.3.4 Operational Measurement Validations Table D-IX Item II Table D-X Item II Maintenance Data Same ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 136 — Table D-XII (continued) Figures 22,23,24 Data Flow Diagram Listing Scheduling Control Hierarchy Listing Figure No. LocatiTitle Table No. Entry Title Figure D-22 Task 3.3.5 Equipment Monitoring Table D-VI, D-VII Item III (10) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (1) Table D-IX Item II (1) Table D-X Item II (2) Item IV Maintenance Data Immediate ProductiSchedule Emergency Response Reliability Assurance Emergency Response Reliability Assurance Figure D-22 Task 3.3.5 ProductiBalancing OptimizatiTable D-VI, D-VII Item I Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item I (2) Table D-IX Item II (2) ProductiOptimizatiFigure D-23 Task 4.1 Raw Material Requirement Control Table D-VI, D-VII Item I (4) Item III (6) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (6) Table D-IX Item III (3) Table D-X Item III (3) Raw Material Procurement Raw Material Use Data Same Same Same Figure D-23 Task 4.2 Inventory Balancing Figure D-23 Task 4.3 Incoming Raw Material Routing Figure D-23 Task 4.4 Material Routing Figure D-23 Task 4.5 Inventory Reporting Figure D-23 Task 4.6 Material Movement Control Figure D-23 Task 4.7 Raw Material Measurement ValidatiFigure D-24 Task 5.1 Replacement Table D-VI, D-VII Item I (4) Procurement Figure D-24 Task 5.2 Process Requests Figure D-24 Task 5.3 Cost Control — 137 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Table D-XII (continued) Figures 25-26 Data Flow Diagram Listing Scheduling Control Hierarchy Listing Figure No. LocatiTitle Table No. Entry Title Figure D-25 Task 6.1 Standards Methods Table D-VI, D-VII Item III (9) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (8) Quality Control AnalysQuality Control AnalysFigure D-25 Task 6.2 Raw Material EvaluatiFigure D-25 Task 6.3 EvaluatiProduct Figure D-25 Task 6.4 ClassificatiFigure D-25 Task 6.5 Q/A Measurement ValidatiFigure D-25 Task 6.6 Lab Automatic AnalysFigure D-25 Task 6.7 Analyze Processing Capability Figure D-25 Task 7.1 Inventory SupervisiTable D-VI, D-VII Item I (4) Item III (8) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (6) Table D-IX Item III (3) Table D-X Item III (3) Product Inventory Same Same Same Figure D-26 Task 7.2 Loss Control Figure D-26 Task 7.3 Inventory Reporting Figure D-26 Task 7.4 Product Shipping Figure D-26 Task 7.5 Product Routing Figure D-26 Task 7.6 Product Movement Figure D-26 Task 7.7 Inventory Measurement ValidatiANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 138 — Table D-XII (continued) Figure 27-28 Data Flow Diagram Listing Scheduling Control Hierarchy Listing Figure No. LocatiTitle Table No. Entry Title Figure D-27 Task 8.1 Cost Balancing Budget Table D-VI Item III (2C) Table D-VI, D-VII Item I (4) Table D-VI, D-VII Item III Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (4, 6-10) Table D-IX Item III Table D-X Item III Cost Reporting Same Same Same Same Same Figure D-27 Task 8.2 Raw Materials Parts (Costs Accounts Payable) Figure D-27 Task 8.3 Product Income (Accounts Receivable) Figure D-27 Task 8.4 ProductiCosts Figure D-28 Task 9.1 Shipping Scheduling Table D-VI Item III (1B, 2B) Table D-VI, D-VII Item I Table D-VI, D-VII Item III (8) Table D-VI, D-VII, D-VIII Item III (6) Table D-IX Item III (6) Table D-X Item III (3) Product Inventory Availability ProductiScheduling Product Inventory Availability Same Same Same Figure D-28 Task 9.2 Shipping Costs Figure D-28 Task 9.3 Shipment ConfiguratiFigure D-28 Task 9.4 Invoicing Figure D-28 Task 9.5 Release Shipments Figure D-28 Task 9.6 Prepare Shipping Documents — 139 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 Annex E (informative) — PRM correlatiMESA International model ISA-95.00.01-2000 models descriptischeduling control hierarchy standard taken directly thdescribed Purdue Reference Model CIM. noted earlier, mdescriptions literature, somewhdifferent based viewpoints authors organizations represent. particularly popular descriptithdeveloped MESA International, consortium vendcompanies manufacturing control field. publication, “MES Functionality MRP MES Data Flow Possibilities",12 develops describes listing functions level 3. MESA International listing functions presented below reference case corresponding functiPRM. E.1 Resource allocaticontrol functions handled PRM Functi3.0, ProductiControl, particular Functions 3.2, Operations Control, 3.3, Operations Planning. See clauses 6.3.2 6.3.3 Table D-XI PRM. E.2 Dispatching productifunctions would handled PRM “establishing immediate productischedule,” given Item 5.1.2 same functions listed under Item 5.2.1 above. E.3 Data collectiacquisitiPRM Table D-IV, Item III, Plant CoordinatiOperational Data Reporting, annex D covers function. Its applicability level hierarchy presented Tables D-VI D-X PRM. E.4 Quality management PRM includes Quality Assurance functiclause 6.6 standard Item 6.0 subsidiary functions Table D-XI Figure D-25 PRM. E.5 Process management PRM defines functiunder its concept Control Enforcement, carrying out productischeduling upper-level directives control applicatifunctions levels 1 2 hierarchy (Tables D-IX D-X PRM). Reporting pertinent data system equipment status would handled Item III.4, “Service man/machine interface,” above tables. E.6 Productiplanning tracking PRM functisplItem I, ProductiScheduling, Item III, System CoordinatiOperational Data Reporting, levels 3 lower hierarchical model. presented Items 2.0 3.0 Data-Flow Model particularly Sub-Item 2.1, along 3.2 3.3. ______ 12 MESA International, MES Functionality MRP MES Data Flow Possibilities – White Paper Number 2 (1994) ANSI/ISA–95.00.01–2000 — 140 — E.7 Performance analyscbe seen thPRM handles functionality, like mothers MESA International, through mixture its stated functions. consider Systems CoordinatiControl (Item III Table D-IV Tables VIII X PRM); Control Enforcement (Item II); System Reliability Availability Assurance (Item IV). E.8 Operations detailed scheduling terms PRM, functiwould considered combinatimost tasks MESA International functions 5.2.1, Resource AllocatiControl, 5.2.2, Dispatching Production, would involve those functions PRM listed those locations. E.9 Document control PRM document control described combinatiPlant CoordinatiOperational Data Recording plus System Reliability Available Assurance document data collectireport preparation. would involve Product Scheduling Control Enforcement document use assure reliable plant operation. corresponding data flow operations would involved well. E.10 Labmanagement While most personnel functions manufacturing plant involve humintherefore would considered external entities thus external PRM standard, those specifically mentioned MESA International functiappear automatable thus would encompassed hierarchical model functiPlant CoordinatiOperational Data Reporting (Item III, Table D-IV subsidiary listings Tables D-VIII D-X). E.11 Maintenance management Maintenance Management carried out PRM through hierarchical category System Reliability Availability Assurance Data Flow listing Bubble 10.0, Maintenance Management (Bubble 3.2 original PRM listing). E.12 ISA-95.00.01-2000 models ISA-95.00.01-2000 Equipment Hierarchy Model gives applicatiimplementatiflavhierarchy model PRM itself strictly functional nature. present model particularly applicable larger plants ably illustrated Figures D-5 D-10 annex D. PRM Figure D-4 modified sa different splproductischeduling management informatisystems control computaticontrol enforcement thoriginal publication. splshown level 3 4, based planned changes Purdue model result analysISA SP95 committee. Sub-Functi3.2 (Maintenance) PRM included separate majfuncti(10.0, Maintenance) ISA-95.00.01-2000 model. simplify representatilevel 3-4 spldiscussiassociated figures. ISBN 1-55617-727-5 Developing promulgating technically sound consensus standards, recommended practices, technical reports ISA’s primary goals. achieve goal, Standards Practices Department relies technical expertise efforts volunteer committee members, chairmen, reviewers. ISA AmericNational Standards Institute (ANSI) accredited organization. ISA administers United States Technical Advisory Groups (USTAGs) provides secretarisupport International Electrotechnical Commissi(IEC) International OrganizatiStandardizati(ISO) committees thdevelop process measurement control standards. obtaadditional informatiSociety’s standards program, please write: ISA Attn: Standards Department 67 Alexander Drive P.O. Box 12277 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 Enterprise-Control System IntegratiPart 2: Object Model Attributes Approved 17 October 2001 ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 AMERICNATIONAL STANDARD ISA Instrumentation, Systems, AutomatiSociety – TM NOTICE copyrighted document copied distributed form manner without permissiISA. copy document wmade sole use perswhom ISA provided subject restrictions stated ISA’s license thperson. provided persprint, electronic, form. Violations ISA’s prosecuted fullest extent law result substantial civil criminal penalties. ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 Enterprise-Control System IntegratiPart 2: Object Model Attributes ISBN: 1-55617-773-9 ? 2001 ISA–Instrumentation, Systems, AutomatiSociety. . resale. Printed United States America. No part publicatireproduced, stored retrieval system, transmitted, form means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, otherwise), without priwritten permissiPublisher. ISA 67 Alexander Drive P. O. Box 12277 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 USA — 3 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Preface preface, footnotes annexes, included informatipurposes part ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001. standards referenced withdocument contaprovisions which, through reference text, constitute requirements document. time publication, editions indicated valid. standards subject revision, parties agreements based document encouraged investigate possibility applying most recent editions standards indicated withdocument. Members IEC ISO maintaregisters currently International Standards. ANSI maintaregisters currently U.S. National Standards. document prepared part service ISA–Instrumentation, Systems, AutomatiSociety, toward goal uniformity field instrumentation. real value, document should static should subject periodic review. Toward end, Society welcomes comments criticisms asks thbe addressed Secretary, Standards Practices Board; ISA; 67 Alexander Drive; P. 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ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 4 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. HOWEVER, ISA ASKS THANYREVIEWING STANDARD AWARE PATENTS THIMPACT IMPLEMENTATISTANDARD NOTIFY ISA STANDARDS PRACTICES DEPARTMENT PATENT ITS OWNER. ADDITIONALLY, USE STANDARD INVOLVE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, OPERATIONS EQUIPMENT. STANDARD CANANTICIPATE POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS ADDRESS POSSIBLE SAFETY ISSUES ASSOCIATED USE HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS. USER STANDARD EXERCISE SOUND PROFESSIONAL JUDGMENT CONCERNING ITS USE APPLICABILITY UNDER USER’S PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES. USER CONSIDER APPLICABILITY GOVERNMENTAL REGULATORY LIMITATIONS ESTABLISHED SAFETY HEALTH PRACTICES BEFORE IMPLEMENTING STANDARD. following individuals served voting members ISA-SP95: NAME COMPK. Unger, ChairmEnteGreat, Inc. D. Brandl, EditSequencia Corp. D. Adler Eli Lilly & Co. W. Bosler TexConsultants, Inc. B. Brown E I du Pont de Nemours Co. Y. Carrier KEOPS Technologies K. Chambers Intellution, Inc. C. Clements HoneyIAC C. ConklDow Corning Corp. L. Craig Rohm HaCo. R. CrossSAP America, Inc. D. EmersYokogawa Corp. America J. Jeffreys Wonderware, Inc. B. Korkmaz AutomatiVision, Inc. K. Kovacs Real Enterprise Solutions D. Kravitt SCT Corp. C. Monchinski Automated Control Concepts, Inc. P. MoylRockSoftware S. Patnaik Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc. A. PoormABB Automation, Inc. L. PoulsNovo Nordisk Engineering, A/S G. RathEnterprise Consultants S. Singh ABB Industri L. Steinocher FluDaniel, Inc. W. Strauss Moore Products Co. J. Vieille Consultant B. Ward Consultant T. Williams Purdue University W. Wray Bayer Corp. following individuals served ISA-SP95: NAME COMPG. AddisEquistar Chemicals LP B. Allgaier ABB Industrial Systems, Inc. S. Angioletti Soft Brasil Sistemde Gestao — 5 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. R. Babecki Foxboro Co. W. Bajek UOP K. Baker Eli Lilly & Co. H. Bales TRW J. Barry Queue Systems, Inc. B. BostHewlett-Packard Co. T. Boucher Rutgers University R. Brokamp Jacobs Engineering J. Brown Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc. R. Bullotta Lightammer Software Corp. R. Burke Price Waterhouse LLC J. Burnell Hewlett-Packard Canada R. Chappel Advanced IntegratiGroup D. Chappell Procter & Gamble Co. L. Charpentier GSE Systems, Inc. P. Cherry Cherry Services, Inc. J. Clarke ATCS. Cloughley Base Ten Systems, Inc. P. CoddingtAbbott Laboratories E. CosmDow Chemical Co. P. Couling Consilium, Inc. H. Crenshaw ChampiIntl. R. De Theije Consultant E. dela Hostria RockAutomatiJ. deSpautz Real Enterprise Solutions A. Diaz All-Control Systems, Inc. D. Dziadiw Propack Data Corp. L. Falkenau E I du Pont de Nemours J. Fisher Dow Corning, Inc. T. Fisher Lubrizol Corp. R. Flaherty IBM D. Fleming RockAutomatiC. Foster E I du Pont de Nemours Co. Y. Fujita Toyo Engineering Corp. G. Funk GLF Technology J. Gallagher Nestle UK, Ltd. M. Gallagher Lubrizol Corp. G. GarfeBay Area Instrument & Electric D. Gaw Coactive Aesthetics, Inc. A. Goldberger Consultant D. GussMilltronics, Ltd. A. Habib Walsh AutomatiW. HakansMESA International J. Ham Landacorp K. HarrHoneyPOMS Corp. D. Harrold Control Engineering Magazine W. Hawkins HLQ Ltd. N. Haxthausen Novo Nordisk Engineering A/S J. Hedrick Automati& Control Tech, Inc. S. Herb Siemens Moore Process AutomatiB. Hinds Weyerhaeuser Co. T. Hurst Hurst Technologies Corp. E. IcayACES, Inc. D. Imming Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc. ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 6 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. C. Jaeger Eli Lilly & Co. J. Jakhura Syncrude Canada, Ltd. B. Jensen Yokogawa Corp. America G. JohnsHilco Technologies, Inc. J. KInterwave Technology, Inc. Z. Kamal ABB Automation, Inc. P. Kennedy California Environmental Controls G. Kilgore Voest–Alpine Industries, Inc. R. Kolz OSI Software A. Kowalczyk Honeywell, Inc. E. Lambert Real Enterprise Solutions S. Laurents FluDaniel Co. L. Lavender PIC, Inc. B. LewOmrElectronics P. Loeb DicksB. Long Realtime InformatiSystems W. Lorenz Eli Lilly & Co. R. Mackiewicz SISCO, Inc. E. Marks Square D Co./Schneider AuB. MartCrestInternational R. MartAMR Research M. Mcbreen Price Waterhouse, Inc. J. McCarville 3M Co. E. McCutcheUOP LLC R. Mcdevitt MIKSystems, Inc. T. McFarlane Metso Automation, Inc. B. Medina KPMG R. Mergen Lubrizol Corp. M. Muroski ABB Industrial Systems, Inc. T. Murphy PID Inc. L. Natiello Merck J. Orsulak RaytheCo. A. Pampel F Pampel Consulting R. Parapar Genentech, Inc. J. ParshEli Lilly & Co. J. Peltola Siemens S. Pendegrass Lyondell-Equistar M. Pichler VECO Engineering V. Pillai Pharmacia Corp. E. Potts Professional Services International, Inc. Z. RahmRohm & Haas, Co. J. Ramming EatCorp. R. Raynes Raynes Design & Engineering A. Reddy Honeywell, Inc. D. RehbeMicrosoft Corp. R. RehbeWastewater Services-Metro PMC J. Reynolds Unilever HPC NA W. Richards Orsi Hilco Technologies, Inc. D. Riley Wonderware, Inc. J. Ritter Shell S. RyRockSoftware, Inc. L. Sagadraca McWhorter Technologies H. SakamoYokogawa Electric Corp. R. Salisbury ABB Industrial Systems, Inc. — 7 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. J. SalkOrtho-McNeil Pharmaceuticals Y. Sano Y.M.P. International Corp. R. Sardell Foxboro Co. R. Sattelmaier UniCarbide Corp. K. Sauermann Werum GmbH J. Schaefer ACS/Tava Technology G. Shilberg Bayer Corp. M. Schmidt RaytheEngineers & Constructors B. Schneitler GE Plastics K. Schwarz Schwarz Consulting Co. R. Seemann Fisher-Rosemount Systems, Inc. G. Sellner Consultant T. Shephard Effective Solutions, Inc. J. Siekierda Interwave Technology, Inc. E. Skabowski Tendent Consulting G. Spearpoint Nestle South Africa Pty Ltd M. Spencer QIC Systems, Inc. J. Stout Nexus Engineering, Inc. B. SwantAdvanced Mfg. Research S. TavoulareEnTec E. Todd Anheuser-Busch Co. Inc. G. Turanchik Smart Signal B. Tway Coors Brewing Co. N. Tyring TVC Inc. A. Vakamudi Bechtel Corp. J. Vardy Foxboro Co. A. Vath Carpenter Specialty A. Perez Initec SA A. Vitale AutomatiMktg Strategies E. Vodopest Consultant P. Vreeswijk Arthur Andersen A. Weichert Automated Control Concepts, Inc. P. Weinberger Casne Engineering, Inc. R. Welk Hurst Consulting Co. O. Wieser SAP AG C. Williams EastmKodak Co. G. Winchester National Electrical Mftrs Assn R. Winslow Sterling Electronics D. Wisnosky Wizdom Systems, Inc. K. Yuen RockSoftware, Inc. standard wapproved publicatiISA Standards Practices Board 23 September 2001. NAME COMPM. Zielinski EmersProcess Management D. Bishop Consultant M. Cohen Consultant M. Coppler Ametek, Inc. B. Dumortier Schneider Electric W. HollSouthern CompE. IcayAdvanced Control & Engineering Solutions ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 8 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. A. IversIvy Optiks R. Jones Dow Chemical Co. V. Maggioli Feltronics Corp. T. McAviMerrick & Co. A. McCauley, Jr. ChagrValley Controls, Inc. G. McFarlWestinghouse Process Control Inc. D. Rapley Rapley Consulting Inc. R. Reimer RockAutomatiJ. Rennie Factory Mutual Research Corp. H. Sasajima Yamatake Corp. I. Verhappen Syncrude Canada Ltd. R. Webb Power Engineers W. WeidmParsons Energy & Chemicals Group J. Weiss EPRI M. Widmeyer EG&G Defense Materials R. Wiegle Power Engineers C. Williams EastmKodak Co. G. Wood Graeme Wood Consulting — 9 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Contents Foreword . 11 Introduction. 13 1 Scope . 15 2 Normative references . 15 3 Definitions. 15 4 Object model attributes. 15 4.1 Introducti. 15 4.2 Explanatitables. 16 4.3 Producticapability model . 19 4.4 Process segment capability model. 27 4.5 Personnel model . 33 4.6 Equipment model . 37 4.7 Material model. 43 4.8 Process segment model. 48 4.9 Product definitiinformatimodel. 54 4.10 Productischedule model. 60 4.11 Productiperformance model . 69 5 Completeness, compliance conformance. 77 5.1 Completeness . 77 5.2 Compliance . 77 5.3 Conformance. 77 Annex (informative) — Examples. 81 Annex B (informative) – Expected use . 89 Annex C (informative) – Logical informatiflows . 101 page intentionally left blank. — 11 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Foreword standard Part 2 multi-part standards thdefines interfaces enterprise activities control activities. follows ANSI/ISA-95.00.01-2000, Enterprise-Control System IntegratiPart 1: Models Terminology. scope Part 2 standard limited defining details interface content manufacturing control functions enterprise functions. goal reduce effort, cost, errors associated implementing interfaces. standard used reduce effort associated implementing product offerings. goal enterprise systems control systems thinteroperate easily integrate. scope Part 2 standard limited definitiPart 1 object model attributes. Part 2 standard structured follow IEC guidelines. Therefore, three clauses present scope standard, normative references, definitions, thorder. Clause 4 normative. intent describe attributes associated objects defined Part 1. Clause 5 normative. defines completeness, conformance compliance criteria associated objects defined Part 1 attributes defined Part 2. Annex informative. provides examples illustrate models attributes used. Annex B informative. illustrates models could used different circumstances. Annex C informative. discusses standard relates logical informatiflows. page intentionally left blank. — 13 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. IntroductiPart 2 standard further defines object models described ANSI/ISA-95.00.01-2000, Enterprise- Control System IntegratiPart 1: Models Terminology (herereferred Part 1) adding attribute definitions examples. models terminology defined Part 1 Part 2 a) emphasize integratipractices control systems enterprise systems during entire life cycle systems; b) cbe used improve existing integraticapability manufacturing control systems enterprise systems; c) cbe applied regardless degree automation. Specifically, Part 1 Part 2 standards provide standard terminology consistent concepts models integrating control systems enterprise systems thimprove communications parties involved. Benefits produced a) reduce user’s time rfull productilevels products; b) enable vendors supply appropriate tools implementing integraticontrol systems enterprise systems; c) enable users better identify needs; d) reduce cost automating manufacturing processes; e) optimize supply chains; f) reduce life-cycle engineering efforts. Part 1 Part 2 standards used reduce effort associated implementing product offerings. goal enterprise systems control systems thinteroperate easily integrate. intent standards a) suggest only way implementing integraticontrol systems enterprise systems; b) force users abandcurrent way handling integration; c) restrict development area integraticontrol systems enterprise systems. page intentionally left blank. — 15 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 1 Scope Part 2 standard, conjunctiANSI/ISA-95.00.01-2000, Enterprise-Control System IntegratiPart 1: Models Terminology, defines interface content manufacturing control functions enterprise functions. interfaces considered interfaces levels 3 4 hierarchical model defined Part 1 Part 2. goal reduce risk, cost, errors associated implementing interfaces. scope Part 2 limited definitiattributes Part 1 object models. Part 2 standard does define attributes represent object relationships defined Part 1. 2 Normative references following normative documents contaprovisions through reference text, constitute provisions standard. time publication, editions indicated valid. normative documents subject revision, parties agreements based standard encouraged investigate possibility applying most recent editions normative documents indicated below. Members IEC ISO maintaregisters currently normative documents. a) ANSI/ISA-95.00.01-2000, Enterprise-Control System IntegratiPart 1: Models Terminology b) IEC 61512-1:1997, Batch control – Part 1: Models terminology c) ANSI/ISA-88.01-1995, Batch Control Part 1: Models Terminology d) ENV 40003:1991, Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM); Systems Architecture; Framework Enterprise Modeling e) ENV 12204:1996, Advanced Manufacturing Technology; Systems Architecture; Constructs Enterprise Modeling f) ISO 14258:1998, Concepts Rules Enterprise Models g) ISO 15704:2000, Industrial AutomatiSystems--Requirements Enterprise--Reference Architectures Methodologies 3 Definitions purposes standard, following definitiapplies. terms used Part 2 standard defined Part 1. 3.1 process segment: view collectiresources needed segment production, independent particular product level detail required support business processes thindependent particular product. include material, energy, personnel, equipment. 4 Object model attributes 4.1 Introducticlause defines attributes associated objects defined Part 1 standard. ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 16 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Tables 2 through 87 clause 4 define attributes objects defined Part 1 standard, clause 7. attributes extensiobject informatimodel defined Part 1 standard thus part definititerms. attributes Part 2 standard object models Part 1 define interfaces enterprise-control system integration. minimum industry-independent informatidefined, Part 2 standard, attributes. However, values attributes required depending actual usage models. additional information, including industry- application-specific information, needed, shrepresented properties. solutiincreases usability through use standard attributes, allows flexibility extensibility through use properties. wdmake standard widely applicable possible. 4.2 Explanatitables subclause defines meaning attribute tables. includes definitiobject identification, data types, definitiexamples tables. 4.2.1 Object identificatiMobjects informatimodel require unique identifications (IDs). IDs shunique withscope exchanged information. require translatiIDs exchanged informatisystem’s internal identification. example, unidentified resource “R100011” scheduling system “East Side Reactor” manufacturing system. unique identificatishagreed exchange information. object IDs defined only identify objects withrelated exchanged informatisets. object ID attributes global object IDs database index attributes. Generally, objects thare elements aggregations, referenced elsemodel, do require unique IDs. 4.2.2 Data types attributes defined abstract representations, without specific data type defined. specific implementatidefine informatirepresented. example, a) attribute represented string implementatinumeric value animplementation; b) date/time value represented ISO standard formimplementatiJulicalendar formanother; c) relationship represented fields (type key) data base tables specific tag XML. 4.2.3 Definitiexamples Examples included attribute definition. multiple examples used, multiple rows right hcolumn. See Table 1 below example rows columns used. — 17 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Table 1 — Table example When example value values, member values, values defined withbraces, { }. examples purely fictional. provided further describe attributes model. No attempt wmade make examples complete representative manufacturing enterprise. 4.2.4 Data relationships models used document reference resource, anpackage, using class instance, additional optional specificatiusing properties, fully illustrated Part 1 object model figures. relationship conformant Unified Modeling Language (UML) modeling methodology, wdkeep diagrams simpler. Figure 1 below illustrates currently presented, left side, could accurately modeled UML right side. UML wused standard visualizatimethod wmeant describe implementations. applies following models: — Personnel Capability ? Equipment Capability — Material Capability ? Personnel Segment Capability — Equipment Segment Capability ? Material Segment Capability — Personnel Segment Specificati? Equipment Segment Specificati— Material Segment Specificati? Personnel Specificati— Equipment Specificati? Material Specificati— Personnel Requirement ? Equipment Requirement — Material Produced Requirement ? Material Consumed Requirement — Consumable Expected ? Personnel Actual — Equipment Actual ? Material Produced Actual — Material Consumed Actual ? Consumable Actual Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Name attribute Descriptiattribute Example #1 attribute Example #2 attribute Example #3 attribute Name second attribute Descriptisecond attribute Example #1 second attribute Example #2 second attribute Example #3 second attribute Name third attribute Descriptithird attribute Example #1 third attribute Example #2 third attribute Example #3 third attribute ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 18 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Figure 1 — Detailed relationship models correspondence relationship defined through only four possible relationships: resource class definition; resource class definitiresource class property; resource instance definition; resource instance definitiresource instance property. model above term resource class indicates: personnel class, equipment class, material class, material definitions. term resource instance indicates: person, equipment, material lot, material sublot. term resource capability indicates use capability model, process segment capability model, process segment model, product definitiinformatimodel, productischedule model, productiperformance model. Resource Capabili ty 1.1 Resource Capabili ty Property 0.1 Corresponds element Resource Capabi li ty Resource Model 1.1 Resource Capabi li ty Property Corresponds element Simplified Relationship Model Detailed Relationship Model Resource Class DefinitiResource Instance Defini tiResource Class Property Resource Instance Property 1.1 0.1 Corresponds element Cresponds element Corresponds element Maps Defined B D C Note: correspondence relionship defined through only four relionships A, B, C, C D. — 19 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.3 Producticapability model Figure 2 copy Figure 15 Part 1, clarificatirelationship personnel, equipment, material models. Figure 2 — Producticapability model Personnel Capabili ty Equipment Capability Mate rial Capability Process Segm ent Capability Personnel Model Equipment Model Mate rial Model ProductiCapability Corresponds element (see Figure 1) defined collecti Personnel Capabili ty Property Equipment Capability Property Mate rial Capability Property properties pr operties properties Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 20 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.3.1 Producticapability Table 2 defines attributes producticapability objects. Table 2 — Producticapability attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID Defines unique instance producticapability specified element equipment hierarchy model [Part 1 Secti5.2] (enterprise, site, area, process cell, productiline, productiunit). 1999/12/30-HPC52 1999/12/30-HPC52.01 1999/12/30-HPC52.01.02 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions producticapability definition. “day’s producticapability BostWidget Company.” “day’s producticapability South Shore ProductiPlant.” “day’s producticapability East Wing manufacturing line.” Capability Type capability type: Available, Unattainable, Committed. Available Unattainable Committed ReasDefines reascapability type. example, committed, then committed productimaintenance; unavailable, then reasunavailability. Available ProductiDue Power Outage Available Maintenance Locatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. Zero required identify specific scope producticapability definition. BostWidget CompSouth Shore ProductiPlant East Wing Manufacturing Line #2 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. Enterprise Site Productiline Start Time starting date time producticapability. 1999-12-29 11:59 1999-12-30 11:59 1999-12-31 11:59 End Time ending date time producticapability. 1999-12-30 12:00 1999-12-31 12:00 2000-01-01 12:00 Published Date date time which producticapability wpublished generated. 1999-11-03 13:55 1999-11-03 13:55 1999-11-03 13:55 — 21 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.3.2 Personnel capability Table 3 defines attributes personnel capability objects. Table 3 — Personnel capability attributes persons members multiple personnel classes then personnel capability informatidefined personnel class should used carefully because possible double counts, personnel resources should managed instance level. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Personnel Class Identifies associated personnel class capability. Widget Assembly Machine OperatPersIdentifies associated perscapability. SSN 999-55-1212 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel capability definition. “Widget machine operatavailability over 2000 Year boundary” Capability Type capability type: Available, Unattainable, Committed. Available ReasDefines reascapability type. Available ProductiLocatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability location. Zero required identify specific scope producticapability definition. South Shore ProductiPlant Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. Site Start Time starting time associated personnel capability. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability start time. 1999-12-30 11:59 End Time ending time associated personnel capability. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability end time. 2000-01-01 12:00 Quantity Specifies quantity personnel capability defined, applicable. 48 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 22 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.3.3 Personnel capability property Table 4 defines attributes personnel capability property objects. Table 4 — Personnel capability property attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Property Name identificatiproperty associated persproperty personnel class property. OperatLevel Packing Machine Certified DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel capability property definition. “Level operatcertification” “Level packing machine operatcertification” Value value, values, range property. Apprentice JourneymValue UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] [applicable] Quantity Specifies quantity personnel capability defined, applicable. 1 16 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity. Days Hours — 23 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.3.4 Equipment capability Table 5 defines attributes equipment capability objects. Table 5 — Equipment capability attributes equipment members multiple equipment classes then equipment capability informatidefined equipment class should used carefully because possible double counts, equipment resources should managed instance level. Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Equipment Class Identifies associated equipment class capability. Widget Jig Widget LaEquipment Identifies associated equipment capability. React101 Lamachine 15 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment capability definition. “Widget Jig commitment over 2000 Year boundary” “Widget Laavailability over 2000 Year boundary” Capability Type capability type: Available, Unattainable, Committed. Committed Unattainable ReasDefines reascapability type. Available ProductiDue Y2K Noncompliance Locatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability location. Zero required identify specific scope producticapability definition. South Shore ProductiPlant Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. Site Start Time starting time associated equipment capability. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability start time. 1999-12-30 11:59 1999-12-30 11:59 End Time ending time associated equipment capability. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability end time. 2000-01-01 12:00 2000-01-01 12:00 Quantity Specifies quantity equipment capability defined, applicable. 48 2 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours Days ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 24 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.3.5 Equipment capability property Table 6 defines attributes equipment capability property objects. Table 6 — Equipment capability property attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Property Name identificatiproperty associated equipment property equipment class property. Heating Capability Volume DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment capability property definition. “Measure heating capability” “Measure equipment volume” Value value, values, range property. 500 10000 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. BTU/Hour Liters Quantity Specifies quantity equipment capability defined, applicable. 2 12 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity. Days Hours — 25 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.3.6 Material capability Table 7 defines attributes material capability objects. Table 7 — Material capability attributes * Typically material class, material definition, material lot, material sublot specified. materials members multiple material classes then material capability informatidefined material class should used carefully because possible double counts, material resources should managed instance level. Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Material Class Identifies associated material class capability.* Polymer sheet stock 1001A Lubricant Oil Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definiticapability.* Sheet stock 1443a Lube Oil 8999 Material Lot Identifies associated material lot capability.* 1443a5mm 8999LU-5G Material Sublot Identifies associated material sublot capability.* 1443a5mm-SL1 8999LU-5G-SL15 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material capability definition. “Polymer sheet stock commitment” “Lubricant oil commitment over 2000 Year boundary” Capability Type capability type: Available, Unattainable, Committed. Committed Committed ReasDefines reascapability type. Available ProductiAvailable ProductiLocatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability location. Zero required identify specific scope producticapability definition. South Shore ProductiPlant ProductiLine 15 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. Site ProductiLine Material Use Defines material use: Material Consumed, Material Produced, Consumable Material Consumed Material Consumed Start Time starting time associated material capability. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability start time. 1999-12-30 11:59 1999-12-30 11:59 End Time ending time associated material capability. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability end time. 2000-01-01 12:00 2000-01-01 12:00 Quantity Specifies quantity material capability defined, applicable. 2000 155 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure material quantity, applicable. Sheets Liters ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 26 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.3.7 Material capability property Table 8 defines attributes material capability property objects. Table 8 — Material capability property attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Property Name identificatiproperty associated material property equipment class property. ConcentratipH DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material capability property definition. “Concentratiactive ingredient” “pH active ingredient” Value value, values, range property. 50 6.3 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. % pH Quantity Specifies quantity material capability defined, applicable. 55 2567 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity. mL kiloliters — 27 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.4 Process segment capability model Figure 3 copy Figure 16 Part 1, clarificatirelationship process segments, personnel, equipment, material models. Figure 3 — Process segment capability Personnel Segment Capabili ty Equipment Segment Capability Material Segm ent Capability Process Segment Capabi lity properties properties properties defined collecti Personnel Model Equipment Model Materia l Model Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Personnel Segment Capabili ty Property Equipment Segm ent Capability Property Material Segm ent Capability Property Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Process Segment Corresponds 1.1 ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 28 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.4.1 Process segment capability Table 9 defines attributes process segment capability objects. Process segment capability equivalent structure personnel, equipment material structure producticapability, except process segment capability defined specific process segment. Table 9 — Process segment capability attributes Process segment capabilities should used carefully because possible double counts resources. example, resource shown available multiple process segments, actual fact available use only single process segment. Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identifier process segment capability withscope parent producticapability. 1000104 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions process segment capability definition. “Defines available capability Widget Assembly process segment” Process Segment Identifies process segment. Widget Assembly Capability Type capability type: Available, Unattainable, Committed. Available ReasDefines reascapability type. Available ProductiLocatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability location. Zero required identify specific scope producticapability definition. ProductiLine #15 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. ProductiLine Start Time starting time associated process segment capability. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability start time. 1999-12-30 11:59 End Time ending time associated process segment capability. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability end time. 2000-01-01 12:00 — 29 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.4.2 Segment personnel capability Table 10 defines attributes segment personnel capability attributes. Table 10 — Segment personnel capability attributes persons members multiple personnel classes, then personnel capability informatidefined personnel class should used carefully because possible double counts, personnel resources should managed instance level. 4.4.3 Segment personnel capability property Table 11 defines attributes segment personnel capability property objects. Table 11 — Segment personnel capability property attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Personnel Class Identifies associated personnel classes capability. Assembly OperatPersIdentifies associated persons capability. SSN 999-55-1212 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions segment personnel capability definition. Available personnel Widget Assembly operatiCapability Type capability type: Available, Unattainable, Committed. Available ReasDefines reascapability type. Available ProductiLocatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability location. Zero required identify specific scope producticapability definition. ProductiLine #15 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. ProductiLine Start Time starting time associated segment personnel capability. omitted, then capability associated parent process segment capability start time. 1999-12-30 11:59 End Time ending time associated segment personnel capability. omitted, then capability associated parent process segment capability end time. 2000-01-01 12:00 Quantity Specifies quantity personnel capability defined, applicable. 48 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiproperty associated persproperty personnel class property. Assembly Operators DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions segment personnel capability property definition. “Number assembly operators available Widget assembly operation.” Value value, values, range property. Apprentice Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. Quantity Specifies quantity personnel capability defined, applicable. 24 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 30 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.4.4 Segment equipment capability Table 12 defines attributes segment equipment capability objects. Table 12 — Segment equipment capability attributes equipment members multiple equipment classes, then equipment capability informatidefined equipment class should used carefully because possible double counts, equipment resources should managed instance level. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Equipment Class Identifies associated equipment class capability. Widget Assembly Jig Equipment Identifies associated equipment capability. JIG 101 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions segment equipment capability definition. “Committed assembly jigs Widget assembly operation.” Capability Type capability type: Available, Unattainable, Committed. Committed ReasDefines reascapability type. Available ProductiLocatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability location. Zero required identify specific scope producticapability definition. ProductiLine #15 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. ProductiLine Start Time starting time associated segment equipment capability. omitted, then capability associated parent process segment capability start time. 1999-12-30 11:59 End Time ending time associated segment equipment capability. omitted, then capability associated parent process segment capability end time. 2000-01-01 12:00 Quantity Specifies quantity equipment capability defined, applicable. 1 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours — 31 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.4.5 Segment equipment capability property Table 13 defines attributes segment equipment capability property attributes. Table 13 — Segment equipment capability property attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiproperty associated equipment property equipment class property. Jig Status DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions segment equipment capability property definition. “Committed widgets per hour” Value value, values, range property. CleValue UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. {Clean, Dirty} Quantity Specifies quantity personnel capability defined, applicable. 1 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity. Hours ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 32 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.4.6 Segment material capability Table 14 defines attributes segment material capability objects. Table 14 — Segment material capability attributes * Typically either material class, material definition, material lot, material sublot specified. materials members multiple material classes then material capability informatidefined material class should used carefully because possible double counts, material resources should managed instance level. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Material Class Identifies associated material class capability. * Rivet-10002 Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definiticapability. * General Purpose 2mm rivet Material Lot Identifies associated material lot capability. * L66272 Material Sublot Identifies associated material sublot capability. * L66272-SL4 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions segment material capability definition. Rivets Available Widget Assembly OperatiCapability Type capability type: Available, Unattainable, Committed. Available ReasDefines reascapability type. Available ProductiLocatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. omitted, then capability associated parent producticapability location. Zero required identify specific scope producticapability definition. ProductiLine #15 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. ProductiLine Material Use Defines material use: Material Consumed, Material Produced, Consumable. Material Consumed Start Time starting time associated segment material capability. omitted, then capability associated parent process segment capability Start Time. 1999-12-30 11:59 End Time ending time associated segment material capability. omitted, then capability associated parent process segment capability End Time. 2000-01-01 12:00 Quantity Specifies quantity material capability defined, applicable. 3000 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Pieces — 33 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.4.7 Segment material capability property Table 15 defines attributes segment material capability property objects. Table 15 — Segment material capability property attributes 4.5 Personnel model Figure 4 copy Figure 17 Part 1. Figure 4 — Personnel model Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiproperty associated material property equipment class property. Length DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions segment material capability property definition. Length rivet Value value, values, range property. 25.4 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. mm Quantity Specifies quantity material capability defined, applicable. 200 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity. Pieces Personnel Class Property PersProperty QualificatiSpecificatiPersonnel Class values PersQualificatiResult 1.n properties tested Maps Defined Records executiDefines procedure obtaining ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 34 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.5.1 PersTable 16 defines attributes persobjects. Table 16 — Persattributes 4.5.2 Persproperty Table 17 defines attributes persproperty objects. Table 17 — Persproperty attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID unique identificatispecific person, withscope informatiexchanged (producticapability, productischedule, productiperformance, …) ID shused parts model when persneeds identified, producticapability person, productiresponse identifying person. 999-123-4567 Jane W Smith - #2 Employee 23 DescriptiAdditional informatiresource. “PersInformation” “PersInformation” “PersInformation” Name name individual. meant additional identificatiresource, only informatiunique value. Joe Smith III Jane Bubba Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID identificatispecific property. Class 1 Certified Exposure Hours Available Pager Number DescriptiAdditional informatipersproperty. “Indicates persClass 1 certified widget assembly operator” “Indicates number exposure hours available month” “Pager number” Value value, values, range property. value(s) assumed withrange defined values related personnel class property. 4 800-555-1212 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. BooleHours phnumber — 35 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.5.3 Personnel class Table 18 defines attributes personnel class objects. Table 18 — Personnel class attributes 4.5.4 Personnel class property Table 19 defines attributes personnel class property objects. Table 19 — Personnel class property attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatispecific personnel class. necessarily job titles, identify classes thare referenced parts model. Widget Assembly OperatDescriptiAdditional informatidescriptipersonnel class. “General informatiwidget assembly operators.” Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID identificatispecific property, unique under scope parent personnel class object. example, property “Class 1 Safety Training” (values Yes No) defined under several different Personnel Class definitions, Fork Lift OperatPipe Fitter classes, different meaning class. Class 1 Certified Night Shift Available Monthly Exposure Hours Maximum DescriptiAdditional informatidescriptipersonnel class property. “Indicates certificatilevel operator.” “Indicates operatavailable night shift.” “Indicates maximum monthly exposure hours thcbe used.” Value value, values, range property. defines range possible numeric values, list possible values, empty value valid. {True, False} {True, False} [0.20] Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property values, applicable. BooleBoolehours ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 36 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.5.5 QualificatispecificatiTable 20 defines attributes qualificatispecificatiobjects. Table 20 — Qualificatispecificatiattributes 4.5.6 Qualificatiresult Table 21 defines attributes qualificatiresult objects. Table 21 — Qualificatiresult attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Name identificaticertifying values persproperties. example, name document thdescribes defines qualificatitest. Class 1 Widget Assembly CertificatiDescriptiAdditional informatidescriptiqualificatispecification. “Identifies Class 1 Widget assembly certificati–returns value Class 1 widget assembly certificatiproperty Versiidentificativersiqualificatispecification. cases multiple versions qualificatispecification, then versiattribute shcontaadditional identificatiinformatidifferentiate version. V23 Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique instance identificatithrecords results executiidentified qualificatispecificatispecific person. (example, just number assigned testing authority.) T5568700827 DescriptiAdditional informatidescriptiqualificatiresults. “Results Joe’s widget assembly qualificatiOctober 1999.” Date date time qualificatitest. 1999-10-25 13:30 Result result qualificatitest. example: Pass, Fail Pass Result UnMeasure unmeasure associated result, applicable. [applicable] Expiratidate expiratiqualification. 2000-10-25 13:30 — 37 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.6 Equipment model Figure 5 copy Figure 18 Part 1. Figure 5 — Equipment model 4.6.1 Equipment Table 22 defines attributes equipment objects. Table 22 — Equipment attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatispecific piece equipment, withscope informatiexchanged (producticapability, productischedule, productiperformance, …) equipment ID shused parts model when equipment needs identified, producticapability piece equipment, productiresponse identifying equipment used. Jig 347 DescriptiAdditional informatiequipment. “east side, north building, widget jig.” Maintenance Reques t Maintenance Work Maintenance Response generated Equipment Class Property Equipment Property Equipment Capabi li ty Tes t SpecificatiEquipment Class values Equipment Equipment Capability Tes t Res ul t 1.n properties tested Maps Defined Records executi result 0.1 up against made against Defines pr ocedure obtaining ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 38 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.6.2 Equipment property Table 23 defines attributes equipment property objects. Table 23 — Equipment property attributes 4.6.3 Equipment class Table 24 defines attributes equipment class objects. Table 24 — Equipment class attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID identificatispecific property. Equipment Name Run Rate Template Size DescriptiAdditional informatiequipment property. “Local name widget machine.” “Widget making average run rate” “Widget jig template size.” Value value, values, range property. value(s) assumed withrange defined values related equipment property. Big Bertha 59 300 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Widgets/Hour cm Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatispecific equipment class, withscope informatiexchanged (producticapability, productischedule, productiperformance, …) ID shused parts model when equipment class needs identified, producticapability equipment class, productiresponse identifying equipment class used. WJ6672892 DescriptiAdditional informatiequipment class. “Jigs used assemble widgets.” — 39 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.6.4 Equipment class property Table 25 defines attributes equipment class property objects. Table 25 — Equipment class property attributes 4.6.5 Equipment capability specificatiTable 26 defines attributes equipment capability specificatiobjects. Table 26 — Equipment capability specificatiattributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID identificatispecific property. Run Rate Template Size DescriptiAdditional informatiequipment class property. “Range run rate widget machines.” “Range template sizes widget machines.” Value value, values, range property. {1.100} {10,20,30,40,100,200,300} Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. Widgets/Hour cm Attribute Name DescriptiExample Name identificaticertifying values equipment properties. example, name document thdescribes defines capability test. WAJTT-101 DescriptiAdditional informatiequipment capability specification. “Widget assembly jig through– returns run rate specific machine” Versiidentificativersicapability specification. cases multiple versions equipment capability specification, then versiattribute shcontaadditional identificatiinformatidifferentiate version. 1.0 ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 40 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.6.6 Equipment capability result Table 27 defines attributes equipment capability result objects. Table 27 — Equipment capability result attributes 4.6.7 Maintenance request Table 28 defines attributes maintenance request objects. Table 28 — Maintenance request attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique instance identificatithrecords results executiidentified capability specificatispecific piece equipment. (example, just number assigned testing authority.) FQ101/01-10-2000 DescriptiAdditional informatiequipment capability result. “Results run rate JIG 237 October 1999.” Date date time capability test. 1999-10-25 13:30 Result result capability test. 48 Result UnMeasure unmeasure associated result, applicable. Widgets/Hour Expiratidate expiraticapability. 2000-10-25 13:30 Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identifier specific maintenance request. MR-1001029928 Problem descriptimaintenance issue. “LimSwitch, XS101, failed ON. PLC X24 inforced OFF.” Requested CompletiDate Date time request expected completed. 2000-03-30 10:00 EST Requested Priority initially defined priority maintenance request. HIGH Requestidentificatiperson, system, equipment making maintenance request. ID# 236663 Status status maintenance request. example: Submitted, Denied, Closed, Work, Review. Submitted Reviewer identificatiperson, system, equipment reviewing maintenance request. ID# 236664 SubmissiDate Date time maintenance request submission. 2000-03-28 10:33 EST Published Date date time which maintenance request wpublished generated. 2000-03-30 18:55 EST — 41 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.6.8 Maintenance work Table 29 defines attributes maintenance work objects. Table 29 — Maintenance work attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identifier specific maintenance work order. WO-1001029928 Planned Start planned start date time maintenance work order. 2000-03-29 16:00 EST Planned Finish planned finish date time maintenance work order. 2000-03-29 18:30 EST Responsible PersPersfunctiresponsible work order, assigned work. Second Shift Maintenance Crew Resources List resources needed perform work. {Duct Tape, Safety Glasses, Breathing Air} Status Current status work order, example “work”, “started”, “assigned”. Assigned ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 42 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.6.9 Maintenance response Table 30 defines attributes maintenance response objects. Table 30 — Maintenance response attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID unique identifier response specific maintenance work order. MR-1001029928-01 MR-1001029928-02 MR-1001029928-03 Cause diagnosfault problem, reasmaintenance work order. Wet FloBad Duct Tape Preventive maintenance Correctiactitaken perform work. “Wet Flosign placed wet area” “Duct Tape replaced” “Filters replaced” Actual Start actual start date time work order. 2000-03-29 16:00 EST 2000-03-29 16:00 EST 2000-03-29 16:00 EST Actual Finish actual finish date time work order. Empty status update response work incomplete. 2000-03-31 18:30 EST 2000-03-31 18:30 EST Status Status work current update period. “process” ”Suspended” “Completed” Status Time Time date stamp maintenance response 2000-03-30 18:30 EST 2000-03-30 18:30 EST 2000-03-30 18:30 EST Published Date date time which maintenance response wpublished generated. 2000-03-30 18:55 EST 2000-03-30 18:55 EST 2000-03-30 18:55 EST Consumable List resources consumed part work “Wet floor” sign “2 rolls duct tape” “18x32 air filters” Responsible PersPersfunctiresponsible response Second Shift Maintenance Crew 999-12-3456 Bill — 43 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.7 Material model Figure 6 copy Figure 19 Part 1. additional associatishown QA SpecificatiMaterial Class Property. Figure 6 — Material model 4.7.1 Material class Table 31 defines attributes material class objects. Table 31 — Material class attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatispecific material class, withscope informatiexchanged (producticapability, productischedule, productiperformance, …) ID shused parts model when material class needs identified, producticapability material class, productiresponse identifying material class used. Polymer sheet stock 1001A DescriptiAdditional informatimaterial class. “Solid polymer resin” Mater ial Sublot made up sublots Material Defini tiProperty Material Lot Property QA Tes t Speci ficatiMaterial Defini tivalues Material Lot QA Tes t Resul t properties tested Maps Defined Recds executiMade up Material Class Property Material Class properties Defines grouping associated map Def ines procedure obtaining tested ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 44 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.7.2 Material class property Table 32 defines attributes material class property objects. Table 32 — Material class property attributes 4.7.3 Material definitiTable 33 defines attributes material definitiobjects. Table 33 — Material definitiattributes 4.7.4 Material definitiproperty Table 34 defines attributes material definitiproperty objects. Table 34 — Material definitiproperty attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID identificatispecific material class property. Polyethylene sheets DescriptiAdditional informatimaterial class property. “Sheet Thickness” Value value, values, range property. {5, 10, 25} Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. mm Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatispecific material definition, withscope informatiexchanged (producticapability, productischedule, productiperformance, …) ID shused parts model when material definitineeds identified, producticapability material definition, productiresponse identifying material definitiused. Sheet stock 1443a DescriptiAdditional informatimaterial definition. General purpose sheet stock Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID identificatispecific material definitiproperty. 1443a5mm DescriptiAdditional informatimaterial definitiproperty. 5 millimeter sheet Value value, values, range property. 5 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. mm — 45 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.7.5 Material lot Table 35 defines attributes material lot objects. Table 35 — Material lot attributes 4.7.6 Material lot property Table 36 defines attributes material lot objects. Table 36 — Material lot property attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatispecific material lot, withscope informatiexchanged (producticapability, productischedule, productiperformance, …) ID shused parts model when material lot needs identified, producticapability material lot, productiresponse identifying material lot used. L66738-99 DescriptiAdditional informatimaterial lot. PlastiFab 10/31 shipment Status Status material lot. example, released, approved, blocked, process, quality check. process Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID identificatispecific material lot property. Average sheet thickness Density DescriptiAdditional informatimaterial lot property. Measured thickness Measured Density Value value, values, range property. 5.002 34.5 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. mm kg/liter ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 46 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.7.7 Material sublot Table 37 defines attributes material sublot objects. Table 37 — Material sublot attributes 4.7.8 QA specificatiTable 38 defines attributes QA specificatiobjects. Table 38 — QA specificatiattributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID unique identificatispecific material sublot, withscope informatiexchanged (producticapability, productischedule, productiperformance …) ID shused parts model when material sublot needs identified, producticapability material sublot, productiresponse identifying material sublot used. 1999-10-27-a67-B6653 DescriptiAdditional informatimaterial sublot. Pallet 2 6 Status Status current material sublot. example, released, approved, blocked, process, quality check. Released Storage Locatiidentificatistorage locatimaterial sublot. “Warehouse 1 Rack 12 Slot 4” Quantity quantity material sublot. 40 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. sheets Attribute Name DescriptiExample Name identificaticertifying values equipment properties. example, name document thdescribes defines capability test. STMT-101 DescriptiAdditional informatiQA Specification. “Sheet thickness measurement – returns average sheet thickness based sample pltechnique specific lot” VersiidentificativersiQA specification. cases multiple versions QA specification, then versiattribute shcontaadditional identificatiinformatidifferentiate version. 1.0 — 47 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.7.9 QA result Table 39 defines attributes QA result objects. Table 39 — QA result attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique instance identificatithrecords results executiidentified QA specificatilot sublot. (example, just number assigned testing authority.) THK101/01-10-2000 DescriptiAdditional informatiQA Result. “Results thickness PlastiFab lot 1999-10-25” Date date QA test. 1999-10-25 11:30 Result value list values returned performance QA test. example: Pass, Fail, 95, Red, Green. Pass Result UnMeasure unmeasure associated result, applicable. [applicable] Expiratidate expiratiresults. 2000-10-25 13:30 ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 48 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.8 Process segment model Figure 7 copy Figure 20 Part 1, clarificatirelationship personnel, equipment, material models, additional object contaprocess segment dependency. Figure 2 — Process segment model Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Personnel Segment SpecificatiEquipment Segment SpecificatiMaterial Segm ent Speci ficatiProcess Segment Parameter Process Segment properties properties properties defined made up Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model Personnel Segment SpecificatiProperty Equipment Segm ent SpecificatiProperty Material Segm ent Speci ficatiProperty executidependency Process Segment Dependency — 49 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.8.1 Process segment Table 40 defines attributes process segment objects. Table 40 — Process segment attributes 4.8.2 Personnel segment specificatiTable 41 defines attributes personnel segment specificatiobjects. Table 41 — Personnel segment specificatiattributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID unique identificatiprocess segment, withscope informatiexchanged (producticapability, productischedule, productiperformance …) ID shused parts model when process segment needs identified, producticapability segment, productiresponse identifying segment. Widget Frame Milling Widget Top Assembly Widget Final Assembly DescriptiAdditional informatiprocess segment. “Frame milling operation, separately costed operation” “Top Assembly operation, separately costed operation” “Final Assembly operation, separately costed operation” Locatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. Optionally defines scope process segment definition, site area defined for. South Shore ProductiLine East Wing Manufacturing Line #2 East Wing Manufacturing Line #3 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. Site Productiline ProductiLine Published Date date time which process segment wpublished generated. 1999-11-12 13:55 1999-11-12 13:55 DuratiDuratiprocess segment, known. 25 2 DuratiUnMeasure units measure duration, defined. Minutes Hours Attribute Name DescriptiExample Personnel Class Identifies associated personnel class personnel classes specificatispecific process segment. Milling Machine OperatPersIdentifies associated perspersons specificatispecific process segment. {999-55-1212, 999-55-1234, 999-55-4567} DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel segment specificatidefinition. “Defines time journeymmilling machine operators widget frame milling process segment.” Quantity Specifies personnel resource required parent process segment, applicable. 1.3 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours / piece ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 50 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.8.3 Personnel segment specificatiproperty Table 42 defines attributes personnel segment specificatiproperty objects. Table 42 — Personnel segment specificatiproperty attributes 4.8.4 Equipment segment specificatiTable 43 defines attributes equipment segment specificatiobjects. Table 43 — Equipment segment specificatiattributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiproperty associated persproperty personnel class property specific process segment. Height DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel segment specificatiproperty definition. “Defines required minimum height milling machine operator.” Value value, values, range property. 150 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. cm Quantity Specifies personnel resource required parent process segment, applicable. 1.3 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours / piece Attribute Name DescriptiExample Equipment Class Identifies associated equipment class equipment classes capability specific process segment. Milling Machine Equipment Identifies associated equipment equipment capability specific process segment. {Mill 15, Mill 16, Mill 19} DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment segment specificatidefinition. “Equipment needed widget milling process segment” Quantity Specifies amount resources required parent process segment, applicable. 1.3 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Machine Hours / piece — 51 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.8.5 Equipment segment specificatiproperty Table 44 defines attributes equipment segment specificatiproperty objects. Table 44 — Equipment segment specificatiproperty attributes 4.8.6 Material segment specificatiTable 45 defines attributes material segment specificatiobjects. Table 45 — Material segment specificatiattributes * Typically either material class material definitispecified. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiproperty associated equipment property equipment class property specific process segment. Milling DirectiDescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment segment specificatiproperty definition. “Only vertical milling machines suitable widget milling.” Value value, values, range property. example: Vertical, Horizontal. Vertical Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount resources required parent process segment, applicable. 1.0 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Machine hours / piece Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes capability specific process segment.* Polymer sheet stock 1001A Rivet Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitions capability specific process segment. * Sheet stock 1443a Rivet-10002 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material segment specificatidefinition. “Defines polymer required widget milling process segment.” “Defines rivet material required widget milling process segment.” Material Use Defines material use: Material Consumed, Material Produced, Consumable Material Consumed Material Consumed Quantity Specifies amount resources required parent process segment, applicable. 0.35 6 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. Sheets / piece Number / piece ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 52 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.8.7 Material segment specificatiproperty Table 46 defines attributes material segment specificatiproperty objects. Table 46 — Material segment specificatiproperty attributes 4.8.8 Process segment parameter Table 47 defines attributes process segment parameter objects. Table 47 — Process segment parameter attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiproperty associated material property equipment class property specific process segment. Average Surface Roughness DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material segment specificatiproperty definition. “Defines minimum polyethylene roughness quality.” Value value, values, range property. 66.748 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. Angstroms Quantity Specifies amount resources required parent process segment, applicable. 0.10 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. Sheets / piece Attribute Name DescriptiExample Name Name process segment parameter specific process segment. Milling Time DescriptiContains additional informatiprocess segment parameter. “Range acceptable milling times.” Value value, values, range acceptable values {5.10} UnMeasure Unmeasure values, applicable. Minutes — 53 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.8.9 Process segment dependency Table 48 defines attributes process segment dependency objects. process segment dependencies cbe used describe process dependencies thare independent particular product. example, define thinspectisegment follow assembly segment. Table 48 — Process segment dependency attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions process segment dependency definitispecific process segment. “Defines ordering assembly processes Widget Assembly process segment” Dependency Type Defines executidependency constraints segment ansegment. Examples constraints, using B identify segments, specific resources withsegments, T identify timing factor, include: B cfollow B run parallel B run parallel Start B start Start B start Start B end Start B no later thT (Timing Factor) start Start B no earlier thT (Timing Factor) start Start B no later thT (Timing Factor) end Start B no earlier thT (Timing Factor) end Start Cleanout no earlier thT (Timing Factor) Productiend Timing FactTiming factused dependency 25 Time UnMeasure units measure timing factor, defined. Minutes ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 54 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.9 Product definitiinformatimodel Figure 8 below copy Figure 21 Part 1, clarificatirelationship process segments, personnel, equipment, material models, object contaproduct segment dependencies. Product ProductiRule depicted object, instead package, Part 1. Figure 8 — Product definitimodel 1.n Personnel SpecificatiEquipment SpecificatiMate rial SpecificatiProduct Parameter Personnel Model Equipment Model Mate rial Model Product Segment Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) defined Bil l Resources (External ) Bi ll Material (External) Product ProductiR ule associated associated associated associated 1.n 1.1 made up Personnel SpecificatiProperty Equipment SpecificatiProperty Mate rial SpecificatiProperty Manufacturing Bil l reference reference Process Segment Corresponds executidependency Product Segment Dependency 1.n — 55 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.9.1 Product productirule Table 49 defines attributes product productirule objects. Table 49 — Product productirule attributes 4.9.2 Manufacturing bill Table 50 defines attributes manufacturing bill objects. Table 50 — Manufacturing bill attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID Uniquely identifies product. ID shused parts model when product productirule needs identified. Export Quality Widget Versiidentificativersiproduct productirule. cases multiple versions product productirule, then versiattribute shcontaadditional identificatiinformatidifferentiate version. 1.0 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions product productirule. “Informatidefining resources required productisingle ‘Export Quality Widget’”. Published Date date time which producticapability wpublished generated. 1999-11-12 13:55 DuratiUnMeasure units measure duration, defined. Minutes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatimanufacturing bill. 10000827 DescriptiContains additional informatimanufacturing bill. “materials required manufacturing process single widget.” Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes required production. Only material class material property usually defined. {Polymer sheet stock 1001A, Rivets} Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitions required production. {Sheet stock 1443a , Rivet-10002} Quantity Specifies amount resources required production. {1.0, 26} Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. {Sheets / piece, Number / piece} ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 56 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.9.3 Product segment Table 51 defines attributes product segment objects. Table 51 — Product segment attributes 4.9.4 Product parameter Table 52 defines attributes product parameter objects. Table 52 — Product parameter attributes 4.9.5 Personnel specificatiTable 53 defines attributes personnel specificatiobjects. Table 53 — Personnel specificatiattributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatispecific product segment withscope informatiexchanged. ID shused parts model when product segment needs identified. Final Polished Widget DescriptiContains additional informatiproduct segment “A brightly polished widget.” DuratiDuratiproduct segment, known. 25 Process Segment Identifies associated process segments. multiple alternate process segments thcould used product segment. Widget Polishing Attribute Name DescriptiExample Name Name product parameter specific product segment. Widget roughness DescriptiContains additional informatiproduct parameter. “Range acceptable surface roughness manufactured.” Value value, values, range acceptable values. {80.2500} Value UnMeasure Unmeasure values, applicable. Angstroms Attribute Name DescriptiExample Personnel Class Identifies associated personnel class personnel classes specificatispecific product segment. Widget Polisher PersIdentifies associated perspersons specificatispecific product segment. 999-12-3456 DescriptiContains additional informatipersonnel specification. “Polisher skill required export quality polished widget” Quantity Specifies amount personnel resources required parent product segment, applicable. 0.25 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours / piece — 57 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.9.6 Personnel specificatiproperty Table 54 defines attributes personnel specificatiproperty objects. Table 54 — Personnel specificatiproperty attributes 4.9.7 Equipment specificatiTable 55 defines equipment specificatiobject. Table 55 — Equipment specificatiattributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Property Name identificatiproperty associated persproperty personnel class property specific product segment. Polishing CertificatiLevel DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel specificatiproperty definition. “Level polishing skill certificatirequired widget polisher” Value value, values, range property. example: Apprentice, Journeyman, Master. Master Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount personnel resources required parent product segment, applicable. 0.10 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Hours / piece Attribute Name DescriptiExample Equipment Class Identifies associated equipment class equipment classes specificatispecific product segment. Widget Polishing Machine Equipment Identifies associated equipment equipment specificatispecific product segment. WPM-10 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment specification. “Equipment required polish Export Quality Widgets.” Quantity Specifies amount equipment resources required parent product segment, applicable. 1.25 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Minutes / piece ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 58 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.9.8 Equipment specificatiproperty Table 56 defines attributes equipment specificatiproperty objects. Table 56 — Equipment specificatiproperty attributes 4.9.9 Material specificatiTable 57 defines material specificatiobjects. Table 57 — Material specificatiattributes * Typically either material class material definitispecified. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated equipment property equipment class property specific product segment. Polisher Type DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment specificatiproperty definition. “Wet polisher required Export Quality Widget polishing.” Value value, values, range property. example: Wet, Dry. Wet Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount equipment resources required parent product segment, applicable. 0.10 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Minutes / piece Attribute Name DescriptiExample Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes specificatispecific product segment.* Abrasives Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitispecificatispecific product segment.* Rouge DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material specification. “Polishing material Export Quality Widget polishing.” Material Use Defines material use: Material Consumed, Material Produced, Consumable. Material Consumed Quantity Specifies amount material resources required parent product segment, applicable. 10 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. gm / piece — 59 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.9.10 Material specificatiproperty Table 58 defines attributes material specificatiproperty objects. Table 58 — Material specificatiproperty attributes 4.9.11 Product segment dependency Table 59 defines attributes product segment dependency objects. product segment dependencies cbe used describe dependencies thare product specific. example, wheel assembly frame assembly thcrun parallel. Table 59 — Product segment dependency attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated material property specific product segment. GrSize DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material specificatiproperty. “Measure required grsize Export Quality Widget polishing.” Value value, values, range associated property. {1300.1500} Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. GrNumber Quantity Specifies amount material resources required parent product segment, applicable. 5 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. gm / piece Attribute Name DescriptiExample DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions product segment dependency definitispecific product segment. “Defines ordering widget washing during Widget Assembly product segment” Dependency Type Defines executidependency constraints segment ansegment. Examples constraints, using B identify segments, specific resources withsegments, T identify timing factor, include: B cfollow B run parallel B run parallel Start B start Start B start Start B end Start B no later thT (Timing Factor) start Start B no earlier thT (Timing Factor) start Start B no later thT (Timing Factor) end Start B no earlier thT (Timing Factor) end Start Acid Additino later thT (Timing Factor) ReactiComplete end Timing FactTiming factused dependency. 25 Time UnMeasure units measure timing factor, defined. Minutes ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 60 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10 Productischedule model Figure 9 copy Figure 22 Part 1, clarificatirelationship product segments, process segments, personnel, equipment, material models. Figure 9 — Productischedule model Personnel Requirement Equipment Requirement Material Produced Requi rement Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Cresponds element (see Figure 1) conta 1.n Personnel Requirement Property Equipment Requirement Property Material Produced Requi rement Property 1.n 1.n 1.n ProductiSchedule Product Parameter Process Parameter Material Consumed Requirement Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Material Consumed Requirement Property 1.n Cons umable Expected Cons umable Expected Property 1.n Segment Requi rement 1.n made up made up associated either Product Segment Pro cess Segm en t Reques ted Segment Res pons e Corresponds Correspond ProductiParameter ProductiReques t Product ProductiRule — 61 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10.1 Productischedule Table 60 defines attributes productischedule objects. Table 60 — Productischedule attributes 4.10.2 Productirequest Table 61 defines attributes productirequest objects. Table 61 — Productirequest attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatiproductischedule could include versirevisiidentification. ID shused parts model when productischedule needs identified. 1999-10-27-A15 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions productischedule. “Widget manufacturing schedule.” Start Time starting time associated productischedule, applicable. 10-28-1999 End Time ending time associated productischedule, applicable. 10-30-1999 Published Date date time which productischedule wpublished generated. 12-30-1951 18:30 UTC Locatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. East Wing Manufacturing Line #2 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. example: enterprise, site, area. Productiline Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatiproductirequest. ID shused parts model when productirequest needs identified. 1001091 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions productirequest. “ProductiRequest export quality widgets October 29, 1999.” Product ProductiRule Identifies associated product productirule used, applicable. Export Quality Widget Start Time When productibe started, applicable. 1999-10-27 8:00 UTC End Time When productibe completed, applicable. 1999-10-27 17:00 UTC Priority priority request, applicable. Highest ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 62 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10.3 Segment requirement Table 62 defines attributes segment requirement objects. Table 62 — Segment requirement attributes multiple segments defined example. master segment productithapplies entire productirequest. master segment made up multiple nested segments individually specified reported segments production. example, informatithapplies across segments productirequest, customer name, represented productiparameter master segment. Informatithapplies specific segments production, widget polishing equipment utilization, specified part polishing segment. Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID unique identificatisegment requirement withscope productirequest. A54 A6646 Segment identificatiprocess segment product segment associated segment requirement, applicable. Master Segment Polishing Segment DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions segment requirement. “Master segment, containing customer name final produced material requirements.” “Polishing segment, containing specifications personnel, materials equipment.” Earliest Start Time expected earliest start time segment requirement, applicable. 1999-10-27 8:33 UTC 1999-10-27 14:13 UTC LaEnd Time expected laending time segment requirement, applicable. 1999-10-27 16:55 UTC 1999-10-27 16:55 UTC Duratiexpected duratisegment requirement, applicable. Note, should match associated product segment process segment duration. 1 15 DuratiUnMeasure unmeasure duration, applicable. Hour Minutes — 63 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10.4 Productiparameter Table 63 defines attributes productiparameter objects. Table 63 — Productiparameter attributes 4.10.5 Personnel requirement Table 64 defines attributes personnel requirement objects. Table 64 — Personnel requirement attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Name productiparameter name. Customer Name Widget Clock Speed Polishing Finish DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions productiparameter. “Master Segment - Customer Name” “Minimum Widget clock speed.” “Polishing Segment - Polishing Finish” Value value, values, range value used parameter. Bridgett’s Widgetts Store 200 High Gloss Value UnMeasure engineering units which value defined, applicable. [applicable] MHz [applicable] Attribute Name DescriptiExample Personnel Class Identifies associated personnel class personnel classes requirement specific segment requirement. Widget Polisher PersIdentifies associated perspersons requirement specific segment requirement. Typically either personnel class persspecified, both. Gidget DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel requirement. “Defines specific polishing operatassigned productirequest.” Quantity Specifies amount personnel resources required parent segment, applicable. Applies member perspersonnel class sets. 1 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Full Time Equivalents ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 64 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10.6 Personnel requirement property Table 65 defines attributes personnel requirement property objects. Table 65 — Personnel requirement property attributes 4.10.7 Equipment requirement Table 66 defines attributes equipment requirement objects. Table 66 — Equipment requirement attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated persproperty personnel class property specific segment requirement. Polishing CertificatiLevel DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel requirement property definition. “Level polishing skill certificatirequired widget polisher” Value value, values, range property. example: Apprentice, Journeyman, Master. JourneymValue UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount personnel resources required parent segment, applicable. 1 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Hour Attribute Name DescriptiExample Equipment Class Identifies associated equipment class equipment classes requirement specific segment requirement. Widget Polishing Machine Equipment Identifies associated equipment equipment requirement specific segment requirement. Typically either equipment class equipment specified, both. WPM-19 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment requirement. “Specifies expected machine used productirequest.” Quantity Specifies amount equipment resources required parent segment, applicable. Applies member equipment equipment class sets. 1 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Units — 65 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10.8 Equipment requirement property Table 67 defines attributes equipment requirement property objects. Table 67 — Equipment requirement property attributes 4.10.9 Material produced requirement Table 68 defines attributes material produced requirement objects. Table 68 — Material produced requirement attributes * Typically material class, material definition, material lot, material sublot specified. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated equipment property equipment class property specific segment requirement. Polisher Type DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment requirement property definition. “Polisher required productirequest.” Value value, values, range associated property. example: Wet, Dry. Dry Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount equipment resources required parent segment, applicable. 1 Quantity UnMeasure unmeasure associated quantity, applicable. Units Attribute Name DescriptiExample Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes requirement specific segment requirement.* Widgets Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitions requirement specific segment requirement.* Export Quality Widgets Material Lot Identifies associated material lot, material lots requirement specific segment requirement.* BWLOT-2282 Material Sublot Identifies associated material sublot, material sublots requirement specific segment requirement.* BWLOT-2282-A DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material produced requirement definition. “Master Segment - Number Widgets produce.” LocatiIdentifies proposed locatiproduced material, applicable. Finished Goods Inventory Quantity Specifies amount material produced, applicable. Applies member material lot, materials definition, material class sets. 1500 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity applicable. Units ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 66 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10.10 Material produced requirement property Table 69 defines attributes material produced requirement property objects. Table 69 — Material produced requirement property attributes 4.10.11 Material consumed requirement Table 70 defines attributes material consumed requirement objects. Table 70 — Material consumed requirement attributes * Typically material class, material definition, material lot, material sublot specified. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiproperty associated material property material class property specific segment requirement. ColDescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material produced requirement property definition. “Specifies colspecific productirequest, polishing segment.” Value value, values, range associated property. example, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet. Red Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount material produced, applicable. 100 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity applicable. Units Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes requirement specific segment requirement. * Paint Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitions requirement specific segment requirement.* Red Paint Material Lot Identifies associated material lot material lots requirement specific segment requirement. * GP-RED-42 Material Sublot Identifies associated material sublot, material sublots requirement specific segment requirement.* GP-RED-42-A DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material consumed requirement property definition. “Paint used finish widgets polishing segment." LocatiIdentifies locatimaterial consumed, applicable. FloStock Quantity Specifies amount material resources required parent segment, applicable. Applies member material sublot material lot, materials definition, material class sets. 12 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. 355 ml Cans — 67 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10.12 Material consumed requirement property Table 71 defines attributes material consumed requirement objects. Table 71 — Material consumed requirement property attributes 4.10.13 Consumable expected Table 72 defines attributes consumable expected objects. Table 72 — Consumable expected attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated material property material class property specific segment requirement. Gloss DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material consumed requirement property definition. “Defines specific type red paint used productirequest.” Value value, values, range property. example: Flat, Satin, High Gloss. High Gloss Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount material resources required parent segment, applicable. 6 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. 355 ml Cans Attribute Name DescriptiExample Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes requirement specific segment requirement. Tape Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitions requirement specific segment requirement. Typically either material class material definitispecified, both. Masking Tape LocatiIdentifies locatimaterial consumed, applicable. Shop FloDescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions consumable. “Expected usage masking tape polishing segment.” Quantity Specifies amount material resources required parent segment, applicable. Applies member material definition, material class sets. 3 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Meters ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 68 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.10.14 Consumable expected property Table 73 defines attributes consumable expected property objects. Table 73 — Consumable expected property attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated material property material class property specific segment requirement. Tape Width DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions consumable expected property definition. “Width tape expected used productirequest.” Value value, values, range associated property. 10 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. mm Quantity Specifies amount material resources required parent segment, applicable. 1.5 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Meters — 69 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11 Productiperformance model Figure 10 copy Figure 23 Part 1, correspondence product productirule shown, clarificatirelationship personnel, equipment, material models. Figure 10 — Productiperformance model Correspond Personnel Actual Equipment Actual Mate rial Produced Actual ProductiData Personnel Model Equipment Model Material Model Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Corresponds element (see Figure 1) conta 1.n Personnel Actual Property Equipment Actual Property Mate rial Produced Actual Proper ty 1.n 1.n 1.n ProductiPerformance ProductiRes ponse Materi al Cons umed Actual Corresponds element (see Figure 1) Materi al Cons umed Actual Property 1.n Consumable Actual Consumable Actual Property 1.n Segment Res ponse 1.n made up made up Process Segment Cresponds Product ProductiRule ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 70 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11.1 Productiperformance Table 74 defines attributes productiperformance objects. Table 74 — Productiperformance attributes 4.11.2 Productiresponse Table 75 defines attributes productiresponse objects. Table 75 — Productiresponse attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID unique identificatiproductiperformance could include versirevisiidentification. ID shused parts model when productiperformance needs identified. 1999-10-27-A15 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions productiperformance. “Productiperformance report Oct 27, 1999 productischedule.” ProductiSchedule identificatiassociated productischedule, applicable. Productiperformance relate productischedule, report productispecific time, reported plant floevents. 1999-10-27-A15 Start Time starting time associated productiperformance, applicable. 10-28-1999 End Time ending time associated productiperformance, applicable. 10-30-1999 Published Date date time which productiperformance wpublished generated. 10-27-1999 13:42 EST Locatiidentificatiassociated element equipment hierarchy model. East Wing Manufacturing Line #2 Element Type definititype associated element equipment hierarchy model. example: enterprise, site, area. ProductiLine Attribute Name DescriptiExample ID identificatiwithassociated productiresponse. ID shused parts model when productiresponse needs identified. 1001091 ProductiRequest identificatiassociated productirequest, applicable. Productiresponse relate productirequest, report productispecific time, reported plant floevents. 1001091 Product ProductiRule Identifies associated product productirule thwused, applicable. match request, alternate specifications allowed. Export Quality Widget Start Time starting time productiresponse. 1999-10-27 8:33 UTC End Time ending time productiresponse. 1999-10-27 16:55 UTC — 71 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11.3 Segment response Table 76 defines attributes segment response objects. Table 76 — Segment response attributes multiple segments defined example. master segment productithapplies entire productiresponse. master segment made up multiple nested segments individually reported segments production. example, informatithapplies across segments productiresponse, final material produced, represented material produced master segment. Informatithapplies specific segments production, widget polishing equipment actually used, reported part polishing segment. Attribute Name DescriptiExamples ID Uniquely identifies instance process segment executed. (Note: same process segment executed multiple times production.) A54-1 A6646 Process Segment identificatiprocess segment associated segment response. Master Segment Polishing Segment DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions segment response. “Master segment, containing material produced actuals.” “Polishing segment containing personnel, material, equipment actuals.” Actual Start Time actual start time segment response. 1999-10-27 8:33 UTC 1999-10-27 14:13 UTC Actual End Time actual end time segment response. 1999-10-27 16:55 UTC 1999-10-27 16:55 UTC ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 72 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11.4 Productidata Table 77 defines attributes productidata objects. Table 77 — Productidata attributes 4.11.5 Personnel actual Table 78 defines attributes personnel actual objects. Table 78 — Personnel actual attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Name productidata name. Widget Clock Speed ExplanatiDescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions productidata. “Defines average measured clock speed produced widgets." “Explanatideviations expected.” Value value values productidata. 233 “Widget polishing machine WPM-19 wout service, WPM-20 used instead." Value UnMeasure engineering units which value defined, applicable. MHz [applicable] Attribute Name DescriptiExample Personnel Class Identifies associated personnel class personnel classes actually used specific segment response. Widget Polisher PersIdentifies associated perspersons actually used specific segment response. Typically either personnel class persspecified, both. Gidget DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel actual. “Defines specific polishing operatused productirequest.” Quantity Specifies amount personnel resources used parent segment, applicable. Applies member perspersonnel class sets. 1 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Full Time Equivalents — 73 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11.6 Personnel actual property Table 79 defines attributes personnel actual property objects. Table 79 — Personnel actual property attributes 4.11.7 Equipment actual Table 80 defines attributes equipment actual objects. Table 80 — Equipment actual attributes Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated persproperty personnel class property specific segment response. Polishing CertificatiLevel DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions personnel actual property definition. “Level polishing skill certificatiactually used widget polisher.” Value value values associated property. example: Apprentice, Journeyman, Master. Master Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount personnel resources used parent segment, applicable. .25 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Hour Attribute Name DescriptiExample Equipment Class Identifies associated equipment class equipment classes actually used specific segment response. Widget Polishing Machine Equipment Identifies associated equipment equipment actually used specific segment response. Typically either equipment class equipment specified, both. WPM-20 DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment actual. “Specifics actual machine used productirequest.” Quantity Specifies amount equipment resources used parent segment, applicable. Applies member equipment equipment class sets. .05 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Machine Hours ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 74 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11.8 Equipment actual property Table 81 defines attributes equipment actual property objects. Table 81 — Equipment actual property attributes 4.11.9 Material produced actual Table 82 defines attributes material produced actual objects. Table 82 — Material produced actual attributes * Typically material class, material definition, material lot, material sublot specified. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated equipment property equipment class property specific segment response. Polisher Type DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions equipment actual property definition. “Actual polisher used productisegment.” Value value values associated property. example: Wet, Dry. Dry Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount equipment resources used parent segment, applicable .05 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Machine Hours Attribute Name DescriptiExample Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes actually made specific segment response.* Widgets Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitions actually made specific segment response.* Export Quality Widgets Material Lot Identifies associated material lot material lots actually made specific segment response.* BWLOT-2282 Material Sublot Identifies associated material sublot material sublots actually made specific segment response.* BWLOT-2282-A DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material produced actual. “Master Segment - Number Widgets actually produced.” LocatiIdentifies actual locatiproduced material, applicable. Finished Goods Inventory Quantity Specifies amount material produced parent segment. Applies member material lot, materials definition, material class sets. 1498 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Units — 75 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11.10 Material produced actual property Table 83 defines attributes material produced actual property objects. Table 83 — Material produced actual property attributes 4.11.11 Material consumed actual Table 84 defines attributes material consumed actual objects. Table 84 — Material consumed actual attributes * Typically material class, material definition, material lot, material sublot specified. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated material property material class property specific segment response. ColDescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material produced actual property definition. “Defines colactually produced, polishing segment.” Value value values associated property. example: Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet. Red Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. ColQuantity Specifies amount material produced parent segment. Applies member material lot, materials definition, material class sets. 1002 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Units Attribute Name DescriptiExample Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes actually used specific segment response. * Paint Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitions actually used specific segment response. * Red Paint Material Lot Identifies associated material lot material lots actually used specific segment response. * GP-RED-42 Material Sublot Identifies associated material sublot material sublots actually made specific segment response.* GP-RED-42-A DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material consumed actual. “Paint used finish widgets polishing segment.” LocatiIdentifies locatiwhich material wconsumed. Maintenance Crib Quantity Specifies amount material resources consumed parent segment, applicable. Applies member material lot, material sublot, material definition, material class sets. 12 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. 355 ml Cans ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 76 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11.12 Material consumed actual property Table 85 defines attributes material consumed actual property objects. Table 85 — Material consumed actual property attributes 4.11.13 Consumables actual Table 86 defines attributes consumable actual objects. Table 86 — Consumables actual attributes * Typically either material class material definitispecified. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated material property material class property specific segment response. Gloss DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions material consumed actual property definition. “Defines type paint used production.” Value value values associated property. example: Flat, Satin, High Gloss. High Gloss Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. [applicable] Quantity Specifies amount material resources consumed parent segment, applicable. 4 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. 355 ml Cans Attribute Name DescriptiExamples Material Class Identifies associated material class material classes actually used specific segment response. * Tape Material DefinitiIdentifies associated material definitimaterial definitions actually used specific segment response. * Masking Tape DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions consumable actual. “Usage masking tape polishing segment.” LocatiIdentificatilocatiwhich consumable wobtained, applicable. Shop FloQuantity Specifies amount material resources consumed parent segment, applicable. Applies member material definitimaterial class sets. 2.8 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Meters — 77 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. 4.11.14 Consumables actual property Table 87 defines attributes consumables actual property objects. Table 87 — Consumables actual property attributes 5 Completeness, compliance conformance 5.1 Completeness number object models objects supported, defined Part 1, clause 7 Part 2, clause 4, shdetermine degree completeness specificatiapplication. 5.2 Compliance assessment degree compliance specificatishqualified following: a) use terminology defined Part 1, clause 7 b) use attributes supported object c) statement degree which then conform partially totally definitions attribute names event partial compliance, arenoncompliance shexplicitly identified. 5.3 Conformance assessment degree conformance applicatishqualified following: a) Documentatiobject models objects, listed Table 88 through Table 96, conformed b) Documentatiattributes conformed c) statement mapping application’s attributes object names objects attributes listed Part 2 event partial conformance, arenonconformance shexplicitly identified. Attribute Name DescriptiExample Property Name identificatiassociated material property material class property specific segment response. Tape Width DescriptiContains additional informatidescriptions consumable actual property definition. “Width tape used production.” Value value values associated property. 10 Value UnMeasure unmeasure associated property value, applicable. mm Quantity Specifies amount material resources consumed parent segment, applicable. 1.2 Quantity UnMeasure Identifies unmeasure quantity, applicable. Meters ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 78 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Table 88 — Producticapability model objects Table 89 — Process segment capability model objects Table 90 — Personnel model objects Table 91 — Equipment model objects Producticapability Personnel capability Personnel capability property Equipment capability Equipment capability property Material capability Material capability property Process segment capability Segment personnel capability Segment personnel capability property Segment equipment capability Segment equipment capability property Segment material capability Segment material capability property PersPersproperty Personnel class Personnel class property QualificatispecificatiQualificatiresult Equipment Equipment property Equipment class Equipment class property Equipment capability specificatiEquipment capability result Maintenance request Maintenance work Maintenance response — 79 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Table 92 — Material model objects Table 93 — Process segment model objects Table 94 — Product definitiinformatiobject models Material class Material class property Material definitiMaterial definitiproperty Material lot Material lot property Material sublot QA specificatiQA result Process segment Personnel segment specificatiPersonnel segment specificatiproperty Equipment segment specificatiEquipment segment specificatiproperty Material segment specificatiMaterial segment specificatiproperty Product productirule Manufacturing bill Product segment Product parameter Personnel specificatiPersonnel specificatiproperty Equipment specificatiEquipment specificatiproperty Material specificatiMaterial specificatiproperty ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 80 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Table 95 — Productischedule model objects Table 96 — Productiperformance object models Productischedule Productirequest Segment requirement Productiparameter Personnel requirement Personnel requirement property Equipment requirement Equipment requirement property Material produced requirement Material produced requirement property Material consumed requirement Material consumed requirement property Consumable expected Consumable expected property Productiperformance Productiresponse Segment response Productidata Personnel actual Personnel actual property Equipment actual Equipment actual property Material produced actual Material produced actual property Material consumed actual Material consumed actual property Consumables actual Consumables actual property — 81 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Annex — (informative) — Examples A.1 Introductifollowing sections contaexample data sets, based models Part 1 standard, using attributes defined Part 2 standard. A.2 Material model example simplified example material informatithused food processing industry. example defines shared informatimaterial class (Pork), material definiti(Pork 80% Lean), material lot, material sublot. full example multiple material class material definitions informatisets thare shared, lot sublot dynamically shared. Indentatiobjects used illustrate relationship objects. Material Class ID – Pork Descripti- Properties ID - Lethal HeDescripti- Temperature kill bacteria Value – 160 Units Measure - Degrees F ID - Receiving Temperature Target Descripti- Value – 32 Units Measure - Degrees F ID - Receiving Temperature Max Descripti- Value – 36 Units Measure - Degrees F ID - Receiving Temperature MDescripti- Value – 28 Units Measure - Degrees F ID - Maximum Allowable Cut Time Descripti- Time since cut Value – 3 Units Measure - Days ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 82 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Material DefinitiID - Pork 80 Descripti- Boneless pork cut up target lepercentage 80 Value - UnMeasure - Properties ID - Percentage LeDescripti- Value – 80 Units Measure - Percentage QA SpecificatiID - JackSpratTest1 Descripti- determine percent fat. Versi- 1997-04-02 ID - Percentage FDescripti- Value – 20 Units Measure - Percentage Material Lot ID – 20000115091345 Descripti- Status approved Properties ID - DeliTemperature Descripti- Temperature deliValue - 37.5 Units Measure - Degrees F QA Result ID - 2000-01-16-4930-TEMP Descripti- Internal temperature pork Date - 2000-01-16 Result – Failed Expirati- NID - Cut Descripti- Cut Date Value - 2000-01-14 Units Measure - ID – ExpiratiDescripti- ExpiratiDate Value - 2000-01-17 Units Measure - — 83 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. ID – FDescripti- Actual Percent FValue – 20 Units Measure - Percent QA Result ID - 2000-01-16-4930-SPRDescripti- Date - 2000-01-16 Result – Pass Expirati- NID – LeDescripti- Actual Percent LeValue – 80 Units Measure - Percent QA Result ID - 2000-01-16-4930-SPRDescripti- Date - 2000-01-16 Result – Pass Expirati- NMaterial SubLot ID - 20000115091345-1 Descripti- Storage Locati- Tote 392, Level 3, Rack 49 Value – 200 UnMeasure - Pounds ID - 20000115091345-2 Descripti- Storage Locati- Tote 852, Level 3, Rack 50 Value – 300 UnMeasure - Pounds A.3 Personnel model example simplified example personnel informatithmight used petrochemical processing industry. example defines shared informatipersonnel classes persons, including qualificatiinformation. Personnel Class ID - OperatLevel Descripti- Top level operatcertificatipetrochemical plant ID - OperatLevel B Descripti- Basic level operatcertificatipetrochemical plant ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 84 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. ID - OperatDescripti- Operators petrochemical plant Properties ID - MTBE Process CertificatiDescripti- completed level certificatiValue - TRUE, Units Measure - QualificatiSpecificatiID - PC-MTBE-992828 Descripti- determine level MTBE certification. Versi- 1997-04-02 ID - PO Refining Process CertificatiDescripti- completed level certificatiValue - TRUE, Units Measure - QualificatiSpecificatiID - PC- PO-Refining –992828 Descripti- determine level PO Refining certification. Versi- 1997-04-02 ID - Push-Up CertificatiDescripti- Operattemporarily able perform higher up functiValue - TRUE, Units Measure - PersID - 999-63-8161 Descripti- Name - John Doe Properties ID - MTBE Process CertificatiDescripti- completed level certificatiValue - TRUE, Units Measure - Qualificatiresults ID - PC-MTBE-992828-2000-10-12 Descripti- determine level MTBE certification. Result – Passed Expirati- 2000-12-15 ID - PO Refining Process CertificatiDescripti- completed level certificatiValue – Units Measure - — 85 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. ID - Push-Up CertificatiDescripti- Operattemporarily able perform higher up functiValue – Units Measure - ID - Fire Team Qualified Descripti- Operattrained aid fire-fighting Value – Units Measure - Personnel Classes ID - OperatID - OperatLevel B ID - Fire Team Qualified A.4 Equipment model example simplified example equipment informatithmight used electronic board assembly industry. Equipment Class ID - Board FabricatiLine Descripti- Equipment class property ID - Board size Descripti- maximum size PC board supported line Value - UnMeasure - mm ID - Inqueue size Descripti- maximum number boards allowed inqueue Value - UnMeasure - ID - Wave solder temperature variability Descripti- variability solder temperature Value - UnMeasure - Degrees C Equipment Capability SpecificatiID - WS-1985-A23 Descripti- determine solder temperature variation. Versi- 1985-09-A ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 86 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Equipment ID - East ProductiArea Descripti- East building productiline, Factory 52 ID - East line 1 Descripti- Pager board assembly line, East building, line 1 Equipment Property ID - Board size Value - 10 ID - Inqueue size Value - 25 ID - Wave solder temperature variability Descripti- Normal plus minus temperature variability Value - 3.5 Units Measure - Degrees C Equipment Capability Result ID - WS-1985-A23 Descripti- determine actual solder temperature variation. Result - 3.5 ExpiratiDate - 2000-06-15 ID - East line 2 Descripti- Pager board assembly line, East building, line 2 Equipment Property ID - Board size Value - 5 ID - Inqueue size Value - 50 ID - Wave solder temperature tolerance Descripti- Normal plus minus temperature variability Value - 1.5 Units Measure - Degrees C Equipment Capability Result ID - WS-1985-A23 Descripti- determine actual solder temperature variation. Result - 1.5 ExpiratiDate - 2000-05-01 — 87 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. A.5 Producticapability example simplified example producticapability informaticrude oil pipeline shipment system. example illustrates future committed definiticapability crude oil pipeline segment, defined specific segment time. ProductiCapability ID - CaspiCrude Oil Pipeline Locati- Tengiz-Atyrau Pipeline Segment Element Type – Area Start Time - August 1, 2001 End Time - August 31, 2001 Material Capability Descripti- Segment ThroughMaterial Class - Crude Oil - Type Capability Type – Committed Start Time - August 1, 2001 6:00 End Time - August 2, 2001 6:00 Material capability property Property Name – Viscosity Value – 104 UnMeasure - cp (centipoise) Material capability property Property Name - Entry Temperature Value – 30 UnMeasure - Deg C Material capability property Property Name - Ground Temperature Value – 18 UnMeasure - Deg C A.6 Productiperformance example simplified example productiperformance informaticrude oil pipeline shipment system. example illustrates example day producticrude oil pipeline segment. ProductiPerformance ID - CaspiCrude Oil Pipeline Start Time - August 1, 2001 End Time - August 2, 2001 Published Date - August 2, 2001 Locati- Tengiz-Atyrau Pipeline Segment Type - Area ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 88 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. ProductiResponse ID - Daily ProductiStart Time - August 1,2001 - 6:00 End Time - August 2,2001 - 6:00 Segment Response ID - Daily ProductiProductiData Name - Total Pipeline ThroughValue - 126,000 UnMeasure - Metric Tons / Day Material Produced Actual Description- Crude Shipped, Shipper Material Lot - SampleNumber 28883992021 Quantity - 63,000 UnMeasure - Metric Tons / Day Material produced actual property Property Name - Average Viscosity Value – 103 UnMeasure - cp (centipoise) Material produced actual property Property Name - Entry Temperature Value - 32.3 UnMeasure - Deg C — 89 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Annex B — (informative) – Expected use B.1 Introductisecticontains notes expected use object models, basically recorded notes committee members. B.2 Inflow materials Question: mcontinuous productifacilities material inflow inprocess important element shared information. Does product segment define material inflow inproduction, cbe defined product productirule? Answer: no attributes Product Segment - Material Specification, Process Segment - Material Segment Specificatithdefine material produced consumed. consistent rest models should able specify inflow (consumed) material either Process Segment (e.g. running distillatisegment consumes material), Product Segment (producing material consumes material). informatineeded scheduling, so should included exchanged information. informatishould probably recorded property either Product Segment - Material SpecificatiProcess Segment - Material Segment Specification, depending industry needs. B.3 Multiple products per process segment Question: mcontinuous batch industries single process segment produce multiple products. Whdescribes whole picture thmultiple product segments associated certaprocess segment? example, system materials A, B C used produce products X Y certaequipment single batch, Y could by-product: only Process Segment. Product Segments, X Y. Product ProductiRule describes thX made A, B C, Y made A, B C. Then, whdescribes thX Y “brother” products? parent Product segment, which contains Product Segment X Y? ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 90 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Answer: Part 2 does model object relationships Part 1, so matter implementation. most commapproach problem seems define Process Segment process consuming (A,B,C) generating (X,Y). Process Segment - Material Segment Specifications would contaappropriate ratios (assuming constant), [50% A, 30% B, 20% C] produce [75% X, 25% Y]. would Product Segments X Y, would maintainflow (consumed) informatiProduct Segments. Since exact relationship amounts material equipment specific, most commapproach would create multiple Process Segments thdefine consumed produced materials ratios appropriate unique equipment. petrochemical refining chemical producticomplicated, since ratio produced material cvary based productiparameters (temperatures trays distillaticolumns) specific properties consumed materials (sulfur content oil). those cases, informatineeded exchanged regular basis, most commapproach would extend Process Segment - Material Segment Specifications include mathematical relationships, equation, tables, LP, reference LP, equation, table. B.4 Process segments vs product segments Question: Whdifference process segments product segments? Answer: process segment defines productiactivity whresources needed execute activity, level detail required planning costing. example, making bicycle frame requires assembly jig, bending machine, assembler 30 minutes. same resources associated thprocess segment. product segment defines whresources needed make product, level detail required planning costing. example, whneeded make 27-inch bicycle; 2 27-inch wheels, 1 27-inch frame, 1 seat, 15 screws, 1 hour tcyclist. product defined product segments. specific implementatirequire thproduct segment, thprocess segment, combinatiboth fully describe planning costing view production. concept “process segment” planning view productidefining resources needed production. continuous industries, usually corresponds scheduled/planned operations withproductiunits. example, process segment oil refinery would material flowing through catalytic cracker. “segment” productiwould use catalytic cracker. scheduled element would either flow rate through cracker, total amount material through cracker during period time. addition, when multiple products produced same process, then process segments generally considered better descriptiproduction. example, distillatiprocess segment (associated distillaticolumn) could process mproduct segments (per outflow). — 91 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. “product segment” planning view productiproduct definitidescriptive thprocess definition. example, mproducts made using “semiconductchip insertiprocess”, product definitikey determinatiproduct produced, process itself. Product segments generally considered sufficient descriptiwhen processes relatively generic do themselves define products. Product segments important flexiblediscrete batch manufacturing, ability define specific characteristics product possible. B.5 Productiparameter references Question: ProductiRequest - Segment Request - ProductiParameter reference parameter associated Product Segment Process Segment? Answer: Either, ambiguity wdpurpose, because ISA-SP95 committee had examples both cases. example, ProductiParameter paint colbe used, could defined being either Product Segment (product cbe painted different colsame productistep) Process Segment (products going through productistep painted same color). B.6 class name property names used identify elements Question: object models follow same pattern class name, optional property name. thused identify elements? Answer: While properties cbe used containformatiresources, cused identify subsets resources. Resources csometimes defined using class name, “Operators,” class names plus differencing property, “Operators” ranking “Master,” “Standard” “Junior.” models “quantity” needed, models follow same pattern. always reference class (Personnel Capability) thoptional quantity. example, define 10 man-hours operattime available shift. element described subclass, only “Master” operators, then property object used contadiscriminating information, quantity information. example, Personnel Property Capability would define 4 man-hours “Master” operattime available shift. model allows significant flexibility allowing single class definiti(e.g., Operators), without quantity definition, multiple property definitions (e.g., Master, Standard, Junioperators) own property definition. left part Figure B-1 illustrates Personnel Capability would describe capability 8 operators. right part illustrates capability different ranking DescriptiProcess Segment Product Segment Category InformatiProductiInformatiProduct Definition/DescriptiDefinitiEquipment planning view productiProduct planning view productiDependence Usually independent product Usually dependent product ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 92 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. operators would defined. Personnel Capability Property ranking used differentiate capability different types operators. Figure B-1 — Class property names used identify elements concept applies following models: — Personnel Capability ? Equipment Capability — Material Capability ? Personnel Segment Capability — Equipment Segment Capability ? Material Segment Capability — Personnel Segment Specificati? Equipment Segment Specificati— Material Segment Specificati? Personnel Specificati— Equipment Specificati? Material Specificati— Personnel Requirement ? Equipment Requirement — Material Produced Requirement ? Material Consumed Requirement — Consumable Expected ? Personnel Actual — Equipment Actual ? Material Produced Actual — Material Consumed Actual ? Consumable Actual OperatPersonnel Capability - Personnel Class = Operat- Quantity = 8 Personnel Capability - Personnel Class = Operat- Quantity = 8 OperatProperty - Ranking = Master OperatProperty - Ranking = Standard OperatProperty - Ranking = JuniPersonnel Capability Property - Ranking = Master - Quantity = 3 Personnel Capability Property - Ranking = Standard - Quantity = 4 Personnel Capability Property - Ranking = Juni- Quantity = 1 Operat— 93 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. B.7 Possible capability over-counts Question: Whdoes statement over-counts capabilities mean? Answer: statements, as: persons members multiple personnel classes, then personnel capability informatidefined personnel class should used carefully because possible double counts, personnel resources should managed instance level, given because when property used define overlapping subsets capability, then same capability double scheduled unless situatirecognized. Figure B-2 shows example property ReactorType defines mreactors available. total amount capability 5, sum reactors subsets 6, because 1 reactcbe qualified heating mixing type. situatimixing heating resources should scheduled instance level overuse available resources. Figure B-2 — property defining overlapping subsets capability Heating ReactMixing ReactHR101 HR102 HMR101 MR101 MR102 Equipment Capability - Equipment Class = React- Quantity = 5 Equipment Capability Property - ReactorType = Mixing - Quantity = 3 Equipment Capability Property - ReactorType = Heating - Quantity = 3 ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 94 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. B.8 Routing process capability Question: routing informatiprocessing capabilities represented models? Answer: Routing informaticbe represented product segment dependencies, process segment dependencies, both. industries routing product specific, route shown Figure B-3. left side figure illustrates assembly specific electronic product, multiple assembly operations (G H). routing, single product (class products), represented product segment dependencies illustrated center Figure B-3. capability system, specific product, cbe represented product segment dependencies, illustrated right side Figure B-3. example could multiple product routings defined, class products. scheduling system would use product demand, product routing, process segment capabilities generate productischedules. Figure B-3 — Routing product industries, continuous productibyproducts, routing dependent processes. Figure B-4 routing contains material dependencies information. routing informatithen used scheduling. route left side Figure B-4 cbe represented process segment definitions (center table Figure B-4) process segment dependency definitions (right table Figure B-4). process segment definitions contamaterial producticonsumptiinformation. consumptiproductiinformatiwithprocess segments define additional constraints dependencies required scheduling material B1, C1, F1. Product Routing Product X B G E F H C D B follow D follow C F follow E G follow B G follow D H follow G H follow F Product X Segment Dependencies 500 boards/hour Product X Process Segment 450 boards/hour Product X Process Segment B 300 front -panels/hour Product X Process Segment C 300 front -panels/hour Product X Process Segment D 500 power -supplies/hour Product X Process Segment E 500 power -supplies/hour Product X Process Segment F 350 boxes/hour Product X Process Segment G 450 boxes/hour Product X Process Segment H Process Segment Capabilities — 95 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Figure B-4 — Routing co-products material dependencies B.9 Product process capability dependencies Question: informatirepresented complex scheduling problems, complex relationship equipment products? example paint plant, particular products conly manufactured specific equipment yield varies based product equipment. Answer: cbe mapping equipment process segments. example shown Figure B-5 defines sets equipment A, B, C, D thcorrespond process segments. might multiple elements equipment (process cells, productilines, productiunits) associated process segment, could correspond single piece equipment. B C E D F A1 A2 A3 A4 E1 E2 D1 C2 Routings Material Dependencies Process Segment produces material produces material produces material produces material Process Segment B consumes material A1 consumes material A2 produces material B1 Process Segment C consumes material A3 consumes material E1 produces material C1 produces material C2 Process Segment D consumes material A4 consumes material E2 produces material D1 Process Segment E produces material E1 produces material E2 Process Segment F consumes material C2 consumes material D1 produces material F1 B follow C follow C follow E D follow F follow C F follow D Process Segment Process Segment Dependencies F1 B1 C1 ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 96 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. example cbe specific rules product, rules classes products. product segments product would define which process segments valid. capability process segment product combinaticbe represented process segment capability objects. informaticthen used fill informatineeded scheduling system, cost/throughmatrix illustrated lower right Figure B-5. costing information, deminformatirequired determine optimal throughput, do cross boundary addressed standard, capacity informatidoes. Figure B-5 — Product process capability relationships B C D Process Segments Product Class X cbe manufactured segment A,B,C, D Product Class Y conly manufactured segment B Product Class Z conly manufactured Segment B C Product Class W conly manufactured Segment D Product Segments 500 Kg Product Class X Process Segment 450 Kg Product Class X Process Segment B 325 Kg Product Class X Process Segment C 600 Kg Product Class X Process Segment D 467 Kg Product Class Y Process Segment B 330 Kg Product Class Z Process Segment B 521 Kg Product Class Z Process Segment C 489 Kg Product Class W Process Segment D Process Segment Capabilities 97 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. B.10 Representatidependencies Question: process product dependencies represented? Answer: Dependency Type attribute process segment dependency product segment dependency objects used define dependency. simple dependencies, a) segment follows ansegment; b) segment cfollow ansegment; c) segments run parallel; d) segment starts when ansegment starts; e) segment starts when ansegment ends; f) segment starts time ansegment starts; g) segment starts time ansegment ends. dependencies define physical constraints (because productiline layout), constraints based safety (prohibiting “water add” “acid fill”), constraints based chemical physical processing required make product (bicycle wheels assembled before bicycle final assembly). complicated constraints based timing defined using Timing Factattribute. example, a) longer semiconductwafer kept unprocessed defects introduced, so maximum delay allowed segments production; b) material (like cheese wine) age processing segments so minimum time allowed segments production. Figure B-6 illustrates possible timing constraints associated product segment dependencies process segment dependencies. left side Figure B-6 illustrates possible dependencies overlapped executisegment allowed required. right side Figure B-6 illustrates dependencies non-overlapped executiallowed required. ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 98 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Figure B-6 — Time-based dependencies B.11 Representatimaterial produced consumed Question: Why different models representing material produced material consumed, attributes objects (producticapability model product definitimodel), separate objects productischedule productiperformance models? Answer: productischedule productiperformance model, typical implementations had defined separate objects, informatiwmajimportance. models material informatiusually refers material consumed, only rarely seems used represent produced material. attribute model wused cases so thobject models would less complex. B.12 Material produced capability model Question: Why material produced type capability model? Answer: processes, materials thare produced side effect production, wastewater, recycled materials. materials used parts production, availability considered schedules. B.13 material transfer handled Question: material transfer handled? request production, just request move material locatianother. T B B run parallel Start B start Start B start Start B no later thT time start Start B no earlier thT time start Time T B B run parallel Start B end Start B end Start B no later then T time end Start B no earlier thT time end Time — 99 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Answer: material transfer cbe handled using productischedule productiperformance models. multiple methods; process segment defined “TRANSFER.” material transferred could identified material consumed requirement object. actual amount material transferred could identified material produced actual object. processes amounts differ due losses during transfer. material locations movements could identified material consumed sublot material produced sublot information. movement material initiated manufacturing operations level logistics level, then productiresponse could generated thdefined “TRANSFER” segment. no requirement standard thproductirequest productiresponse, corresponding business processes support exchange information. B.14 Why maintenance QA models different productimodel Question: Why maintenance model (maintenance request, maintenance response) different productimodel (productischedule productiinformation)? Can’t maintenance handled using productimodel? Can’t quality assurance scheduling handled productimodel? Answer: Part 1 2 assume thmaintenance scheduling performance normally performed part manufacturing operations. However, maintenance scheduling performed level 4. case assumed thonly maintenance requests maintenance responses cross level 3-4 boundary. cover case only maintenance requests maintenance responses defined Part 1 2. Beyond scope Part 1 Part 2, maintenance schedule object created thparallels structure productischedule object consists collectimaintenance requests shown Figure B-7. Likewise maintenance performance object created thparallels structure productiperformance object. Alternatively, segment requests cbe used schedule maintenance activities productischedule segment responses cbe used represent maintenance responses productiperformance. similar model could used quality assurance schedules performances. ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 100 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Figure B-7 — Maintenance schedule performance model Maintenance Schedule 1.n Maintenance Request 1.n Maintenance Segment Request Maintenance Work Maintenance Performance 1.n Maintenance Response 1.n Maintenance Segment Response 0.1 1.1 Maintenance model defined Part 1 — 101 — ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Annex C (informative) – Logical informatiflows personnel model, equipment model, material model, process segment model collectively referred resource models. Systems communicating using product capability, product definition, productischedule, productiperformance models agree meaning data values (example, property names). objects resource models document agreed upvalues. assumptithresource model informatishared among communicating systems. resource model informatiembedded part informatiflow objects, exchanged separate objects, part commdistributed data store. Part 1 object model does assume one-to-relationship enterprise systems manufacturing control systems. one-to-many, many-to-one, many-to-mrelationships. Examples exchanges include contract manufacturing being performed multiple customers (many-to-one), single compmultiple different manufacturing control systems (one-to-many). Figure C-1 illustrates possible logical informatiflows enterprise systems manufacturing control systems. Figure C-1 — Enterprise manufacturing system logical informatiflows informatiPart 2 standard independent communicatiprotocol. Part 2 makes no assumptions agents thcreate informatiagents thuse information. Different implementations informatimodel define different communicatiprotocols often require additional attributes objects. example, SQL implementatiidentify primary keys identify index attributes. Enterprise System 1 Enterprise System 2 Manufacturing Control System 1 Comp1 manufacturing Comp2 no manufacturing Comp3 contract manufacturer Manufacturing Control System 2 Manufacturing Control System 3 ANSI/ISA–95.00.02–2001 — 102 — 2001 ISA. . document copied provided persons form. Additionally, informatimodel does assume one-to-relationship external systems manufacturing control systems. one-to-many, many-to-one, many-to-mrelationships. Examples many-to-mexchanges include multiple maintenance systems quality systems. Figure C-2 illustrates examples manufacturing control system connections. Figure C-2 — Logical informatiflows among multiple systems Scheduling System Costing System Manufacturing Control System 1 Manufacturing Control System 2 Manufacturing Control System 3 Maintenance System 1 Quality System Maintenance System 2 Developing promulgating sound consensus standards, recommended practices, technical reports ISA’s primary goals. achieve goal Standards Practices Department relies technical expertise efforts volunteer committee members, chairmen reviewers. ISA AmericNational Standards Institute (ANSI) accredited organization. ISA administers United States Technical Advisory Groups (USTAGs) provides secretarisupport International Electrotechnical Commissi(IEC) International OrganizatiStandardizati(ISO) committees thdevelop process measurement control standards. obtaadditional informatiSociety’s standards program, please write: ISA Attn: Standards Department 67 Alexander Drive P.O. Box 12277 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 ISBN: